Sankalp Siddhi (‘New India’ by 2022)
- G. S. Paper 1,3 and prelims
- 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement
- Quit India Movement 1942 (QIM)
- Features of QIM
- On the 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement, PM salutes all the women & men who took part in the movement.
- The PM also urges people to take pledge for creating a ‘New India’ by 2022.
75th anniversary of Quit India Movement
- The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has saluted all the women and men who took part in the Quit India movement, on the 75th anniversary and urged people to help in creating ‘New India’ by 2022.
- Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the entire nation came together with the aim of attaining freedom.
- In 1942, the need of the hour was to free India from colonialism.
- Now, 75 years later the issues are different like poverty, dirt, corruption, terrorism, casteism, and communalism.
Quit India Movement 1942
- The Quit India Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.
- Gandhiji referred to this movement “This is an open rebellion. In this struggle secrecy is a sin”. He gave the cry of “Do or Die”, for the Nation.
- The main centers of the Quit India movement were Satara of Maharashtra, Tamluk, Contai of Midnapore, Balurghat of West Dinajpur, Balia, Azamgarh of U.P., Naogaon of Assam.
- Among the notable leaders were Srinath Lal, Nana Patil of Satara, Chaitu Pandey of Balia, Matangini Hazra, Sushil Dhara of Tamluk, Punjab’s Fukonani, Assam’s Kanaklata Badua.
Features of Quit India Movement
- The movement of 1942 followed both violence and non-violence methods.
- The Gandhian movement in 1942 was totally changed its character of non-violence Satyagraha, because Gandhiji’s mantra during the Quit India movement was “Do or Die”.
- We shall either free India or die in the attempt;
- We shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery”.
- During the movement famous congress leaders were imprisoned.
- So the Congress Socialist Party’s leaders like Ram Manohar Lohia, Achyuta Patwardhan, S.M. Joshi, Ramananda Mishra, Jayprakash Narayan and office bearer of the ‘Congress Working Committee’ including Sucheta Kripalani and Sadiq Ali decided to carry forward the Quit India movement from underground.
- The most important feature of Quit India Movement was the absence of religious communal riots during the movement of 1942.
- Whatever may have been the character of the movement, it proved to be a nemesis for the British. They resorted to 538 rounds of fire and the army used machine guns on occasions, for which 7000 people were killed. Dr. Sumit Sarkar said 91,836 people were arrested by the end of 1943.
- The student left their schools and colleges to join the movement.
- The student of Banaras Hindu University, Allahabad University, Patna University, Annamalai University etc.
- Besides these workers, peasants, etc. transformed it into “a spontaneous mass upheaval”.
- The important feature of the movement was that the Communist Party of India (CPI) did not join the movement of 1942.
- Russia was attacked by Nazi Germany, so the communist supported the British war against Germany and the ‘Imperialist War’ changed into ‘Peoples War’ to them.
- The negative role of the CPI is described in the novel “Jagari” of Satinath Bhaduri.
- Other political parties, however, adopted a different attitude towards the movement.