COP24: 7 Points Made By India

 

Relevance:

  • GS Prelims, GS Mains paper III
  • Environment, COP 24, Paris climate agreement

Why in News?

  • Recently, the COP 24 was held at Katowice (Poland)

India’s stand in the COP 24?

  • India on the night of December 12 said the Paris climate agreement was ‘non-negotiable’ and there could be no compromise on the basic principles such as equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC).
  • The statement came at the ongoing 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24) in the Polish city of Katowice, with the goal of finalising the implementation guidelines for the Paris Climate Change Agreement.

India against diluting CBDR-RC

  • The statement came amid a move by the developed countries, led by the US and the EU, to dilute CBDR-RC, a principle within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that acknowledges the different capabilities and differing responsibilities of individual countries in addressing climate change.
  • India and the other developing countries strongly resisted their move, citing the historical responsibility of the developed nations in emitting carbon dioxide, contributing to global warming.

India for reducing global warming

  • India welcomed the recent IPCC Special Report, which says human activities are estimated to have caused approximately one degree Celsius of global warming above the pre-industrial levels and is currently increasing at 0.2 degree Celsius per decade.
  • Earlier, India, along with three other nations, had said the UN scientific reportshould be taken into account in the climate negotiations.
  • The BASIC groupof nations comprising Brazil, South Africa, India and China had made its stand clear on the UN report on limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial levels at a joint-press conference held on the sidelines of the UN climate talks.

7 POINTS INDIA MADE AT COP24, COMMITTING TO PARIS AGREEMENT

  • “We all agree that the Paris Agreement is non-negotiable. Therefore, the delicate balance reached between developed and developing countries must be retained, and the principles such as equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibility and Respective Capabilitiesmust be given its due,” India said at the ministerial session of the conference.
  • It said the outcome at Katowice should be inclusive, consensus based and an integrated package, including all the components of the Paris Agreement Work Programme, to reflect the global consensus reached three years ago on this very day while adopting the Paris Agreement.
  • “Most importantly, we must stand with the poor, marginalised and vulnerable communitieswho would be most impacted by climate change to show that ‘WE CARE’,” India said in its statement.
  • It added that it was time we focussed on finding common grounds and supporting each other, based on the principles of equity and climate justice, so that “no one is left behind”.
  • “It is important to ensure equitable access to global commons for all. The Paris Agreement signifies progress towards enhanced implementation of the Convention. While we do so, we have to maintain continuity in action by fulfilling pre-2020 commitments.”
  • “While we continue to take stock of pre-2020 action and ambition next year as well, we expect that developed countries shall honour their pre-2020 commitmentsso that no undue burden is shifted to the post-2020 period. We also look forward to see the Doha Amendment coming into force as soon as possible,” said the statement.
  • “The vulnerable populations are the worst hit by extreme weatherevents due to a lack of resources to cope with them. The report enjoins upon us to collectively address the issues of climate change with the urgency that it deserves,” India said, days after the UN scientific report was blocked by countries, including the US, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Kuwait, at the ongoing climate conference.
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