Global ranking of Indian universities

 

 Relevancy

  • Governance ( GS2)
  • Poor ranking of Indian universities in the field of research.

 

Recently

  • Indian educational institutions have again had a poor run in global ratings with none, including the prestigious IITs, making it to the top 100 of the QS World University Rankings.

 

Background

  • While there is increase in enrolment of students. But there is no corresponding increase in teachers.
  • There is increase in ratio of of students/no. of teachers increase.
  • While the student enrolments have gone up by approximately 66 times between 1950-51 and 2011- 12, the number of teachers has gone up by 40 times only.
  • In spite of the above quantitative phenomenal growth in the education system, the GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) as compared with some of the developed economies, is low as is evident from the following table:-
Country GER(%)
South Korea 93
US 89
Russia 76
UK 59
France 55
Malaysia 40
China 24
India 19.4


Indian higher education sector has shown impressive and exponential growth in the number of institutes and students enrollment in the country ; but it still faces challenges on several fronts like:-

  • As some vice chancellors and professors point out India does not spend enough on research in its universities.
  • There is a serious lack of government funding to carry out research in Indian universities.
o    Countries like Korea, Japan, Ireland, etc, gives a bare minimum funding to universities and this spend keeps on increase sing based on the university’s performance.

o    The National Institute of Health in Maryland, USA, spends more than 1,000 times the money that Indian research institutions do on research.

o    Similarly, while in the US, universities receive about 45% funding for facilities and services, Indian universities receive between 0% and 5%.

  • Besides, the funding that most universities get is sometimes not even sufficient to meet the salaries of the staff, leave alone to carry out research.
  • While effort are being made to increase the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education. But focus must also be on improving the quality of research, teaching and infrastructure.
  • There is an acute shortage of faculty in universities in India
  • Deficient and low quality infrastructure
  • Indian universities put low emphasis on consultancy, patenting, research, development & innovation.
  • curriculum is extremely Outdated and is not tuned to the current industry need

How to Improve the Ranking of the Indian Universities (as suggested by Prof. Dr P K Gupta (Secretary General, National Foundation of Indian Engineers, New Delhi))

  1. Instead of multiplicity of regulatory institutions like AIU, AICTE, UGC, NBA, NAAC etc., create one central agency as National Commission for Higher Education & Research (NCHER) covering AICTE and UGC Act.
  2. Accreditation to be made mandatory for all universities and affiliated colleges
  3. In order to make our universities world class and centres of excellence, three major success factors must be aligned viz concentration of talent, availability of resources in abundance and favorable governance.
  4. Governance Issues Following are the key governance issues to be addressed by the stake holders:-
  • The Governmental control in the Universities must be reduced, so that the University autonomy and accountability are strengthened and academic decisions are taken independently and expeditiously
  • New methods and procedures of financial regulations should be devised and direct interference of the finance department in the financial management of Universities, which is counterproductive, should be stopped.
  • As the Colleges are the feeding sources of the Universities, a better coordination in their working and activities is very much required. The participation of the teaching faculty through a democratic process should be ensured.
  • Complete transparency should be maintained in the working of Executive/Academic Bodies and other Governing Councils of the Universities. There is an urgency to review the University Acts in different States and revise the same in the light of the new requirements and the challenges being faced by the Universities. New technologies of information and communication should be utilized for obtaining administrative efficiency.
  • Higher Education should be developed as an infrastructure for social and economic growth of the Country.
  • Student’s involvement in the area of University/College governance should be encouraged.
  • Political interference in the appointment of University teachers and administrators should be totally stopped.

 

Discus the reason for poor ranking of Indian universities.

 

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