Code of Ethics And Code of Conduct
- What Is Code Of Ethics?
- Values Guiding Code Of Ethics
- Recommendations Of Second Arc
- What Are Codes Of Conduct?
- Code Of Ethics Viz-A-Viz Code Of Conduct
What Is Code Of Ethics?
- It is a set of guidelines issued by an organization, to guide the conduct in accordance with organisational primary values and ethical standards.
- It includes values and principles like integrity, impartiality, accountability, devotion to duty, exemplary behavior, commitment to public service etc.
- It ensures that individuals belonging to an organization have a consistent approach.
Values Guiding Code Of Ethics
Public Service Bill, 2006 suggests a Code of Ethics for public services. The main values guiding them are
- Ideals enshrined in the preamble.
- Apolitical Functioning.
- Good Governance.
- Accountability and transparency.
- Maintenance of highest ethical standards.
- Merit should be the criteria for recruiting civil servants.
- Ensuring economy and avoidance of wasteful expenditure.
- Provision of healthy and congenial work environment.
- Discharge functions with due regard to diversity of the nation and community.
- Provide honest, impartial and frank advice to political executive.
Recommendations of Second ARC
- Partial State funding of elections.
- Tightening of anti-defection law.
- Provision of code of ethics for ministers, legislatures, judiciary and civil servants.
- Strengthening the Prevention of Corruption Act.
- Making corrupt public servants liable.
- Confiscation of illegally acquired property.
- Speedy trails.
- Creation of lokpal or ombudsman at national, State and local level.
- Civil Service Values, to which all public servants should aspire, should be defined and made applicable to all tiers of government and organizations.
- ARC recommended that Code of Ethics include: integrity, impartiality, commitment to public service, open accountability, devotion to duty and exemplary behavior.
- ARC also recommended deletion of Article 311 of the Constitution.
What are Codes of Conduct?
- Code of Conduct is a document that expresses the practices and behaviour of a person, required or restricted as a condition for becoming a member of the organisation or profession.
- The code sets out the actual rules, so it lays down the do’s and doesn’t s of an employee.
- The members are responsible for its adherence and held accountable for its violation.
- Every organisation has its code of conduct issued by the Board of Directors (BOD) that determines the social norms, regulations and responsibilities.
- It is in the form of written statement; that contains rules for behaviour, which are supposed to be followed by the employees of the company.
- The document directs and guides the employees in various matters.
Code of Ethics viz-a-viz Code of Conduct
- Both attempt to encourage specific behavior by employees.
- In both cases, the organization’s desire is to obtain a narrow range of acceptable behaviors from employees.
|Code Of Ethics
||Code Of Conduct
|It is a set of guidelines.
||It is a set of rules.
|It is developed more in the form of statement of values and beliefs.
||It enlists acceptable and unacceptable behaviour in a precise manner.
|Enables employees to acquire most appropriate course of action.
||Provides a fairly clear set of expectations.
|It covers broad guiding principles.
||It generally requires little judgment: obey or incur a penalty.
|It contains the organisational values.
||It translates those values into specific behavioural standards.
|It is subjective.
||It is objective.
- Code of Conduct is actually extracted from the Code of Ethics.
- Therefore, the latter concept is wider than the former.
- Moreover, these codes are beneficial for businesses of any size and nature as the codes lays down direction which is helpful for employees, to behave in a particular manner and also making a public image of ethical behaviour.