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Hunger Hotspots Report : FAO-WFP

Hunger Hotspots Report : FAO-WFP

Why in news?

  • Recently, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) released a report named Hunger Hotspots – August to November 2021.
  • The 2021 Global Food Crises Report released in May 2021 had already warned of acute food insecurity, soaring to a five-year high, pushing at least 155 million people into acute food insecurity in 2020.

Factors Causing Food Insecurity

  • Violence: Population displacement, abandonment of agricultural land, loss of life and assets, disruption of trade and cropping and loss of access to markets caused by conflicts can worsen food insecurity.
  • Pandemic Shocks: In 2020, almost all low- and middle-income countries were affected by the Pandemic-induced economic downturns.
  • Natural Hazards                                                          Hunger Hotspots Report : FAO-WFP
  • Poor humanitarian access: Humanitarian access is limited in various ways, including administrative/bureaucratic impediments, movement restrictions, security constraints and physical constraints related to the environment.

Key findings

  • The report said that acute food insecurity is likely to further deteriorate in the near future.
  • Ethiopia was put at the top of the list as the number of people facing starvation and death is more than even those died in famine in Somalia in 2011.
  • Similarly, in southern Madagascar, people are pushed into “catastrophic” acute food insecurity marked by starvation and death due to drought, pests affecting staple crops, and rising food prices.                                                                Hunger Hotspots Report : FAO-WFP
  • Acute hunger is increasing not only in scale but also severity. Moreover, over 41 million people worldwide are now at risk of falling into famine or famine-like conditions.
  • South Sudan, Yemen and Nigeria remain at the highest alert level due to famine like situation.
  • In Afghanistan, people are expected to face the second-highest level of food insecurity.
  • India is not among the hunger hotspots of the word. In fact, Afghanistan is the only Asian country in the list.


  • The report provided country-specific recommendations to protect rural livelihoods and increase agricultural production.
  • Short-term protective interventions must be implemented before new humanitarian needs materialise and immediate actions must be taken for addressing existing humanitarian requirements.
  • Integrate nutrition interventions across food and social-protection systems, to address both chronic and acute malnutrition.
  • Increase coverage for prevention and treatment of acute malnutrition in drought and conflict-affected areas.
  • Support cash-for-work operations to meet the immediate food needs of the at-risk population, and to protect the livelihoods of populations affected by severe climate variability.
  • Provide essential agricultural inputs to vulnerable rural communities – where an increased risk of high prices or scarcity of inputs could affect rural agricultural livelihoods – to protect local food production.                                                          Hunger Hotspots Report : FAO-WFP

India’s Step in Ensuring Food Security

  • National Food Security Mission: It aims to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and commercial crops, through area expansion and productivity enhancement.
  • PM Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY): It aimed at providing each person who is covered under the National Food Security Act 2013 with an additional 5 kg grains (wheat or rice) for free, in addition to the 5 kg of subsidised foodgrain already provided through the Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • One Nation One Ration Card: It will address the poor state of hunger in India, as highlighted by the Global Hunger Index, where India has been ranked 102 out of 117 countries
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi: It intends to supplement the financial needs of the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs) in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income at the end of each crop cycle.
  • The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013: It legally entitled up to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population to receive subsidized food grains under the Targeted Public Distribution System. The eldest woman of the household of age 18 years or above is mandated to be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing ration cards under the Act.


Mussoorie Times

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