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Global Hunger Index 2020

Global Hunger Index 2020

  • According to Global Hunger Index 2020 report, India was ranked 94 out of 107 countries. Even the neighbouring countries like Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh have better scores than India.
  • The Global Hunger Report report gives India a score of 27.2, which puts it in the ‘serious category’.

GHI is based on four parameter:

  • The proportion of undernourished in a population
  • The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting (less weight in proportion to their height)
  • The proportion of children under five suffering from stunting (low height in proportion to their age)
  • The mortality rate of children under five

According to the reports, in India the rate of child stunting is 37.4 per cent, 17.3 per cent children’s under five are wasted, 14 per cent children’s are under-nutritional and child mortality is 3.7 per cent.

Causes of Hunger and Malnutrition

  • People who don’t get enough food often experience hunger, and over the long term this can lead to malnutrition. But someone can become malnourished for reasons that have nothing to do with hunger.
  • Even people who have plenty to eat may be malnourished if they don’t eat foods that provide the right nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.                      Global Hunger Index 2020
  • Malnutrition affects people of every age, although infants, children, and teens may suffer the most because many nutrients are critical for normal growth and development.
  • Older people may develop malnutrition because aging, illness, and other factors can lead to a poor appetite, so they may not eat enough.

Effects of  Hunger and Malnutrition

  • Scientific evidence has shown that beyond the age of 2-3 years, the effects of chronic malnutrition are irreversible. Malnourished children do not reach their optimum height, do not reach their optimum size as adults (and so may have less physical capacity for work), their brains are affected (resulting in lower IQs)
  • Maternal malnutrition increases the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes including obstructed labor, premature or low-birth-weight babies and postpartum hemorrhage. Severe anemia during pregnancy is linked to increased mortality at labour.                              Global Hunger Index 2020
  • Conditions of overweight and obesity pose greater risks for noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension in the population.

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