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India has slipped 28 places to rank 140th among 156 countries in the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, becoming the third-worst performer in South Asia.


  • Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the WEF in 2006 as a framework to benchmark progress on disparities between women and men across countries, and over time.
  • Its main aims is to serve “as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics”.
  • Through this annual yardstick, the stakeholders within each country are able to set priorities relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context. The report is annually published by the World Economic Forum (WEF).

Key Highlights of the Report:

  • According to the report, India has closed 62.5 per cent of its gender gap till date. The overall global gender gap is projected to close in 135.6 years (which is a significant increase from 99.5 years in previous report)
  • Economic Participation : India’s gender gap on this dimension widened by 3% this year, leading to a 32.6% gap closed to date. It will take 267.6 years to complete the gender gap in economic participation and opportunity.
  • In Heath section ,India ranks among the bottom five countries in this subindex, with 93.7% of this gap closed to date.
  • If we talk about Politic empowerment ,it will take 145.5 years to attain gender parity in politics.  India regressed 13.5 percentage points, with a significant decline in the number of women ministers.
  • In the index of education attainment, India has been ranked at 114.
  • The estimated earned income of women in India is only one-fifth of men’s, which puts the country among the bottom 10 globally on this indicator.

Indian Economy

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