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Global Gender Gap Report 2021

Global Gender Gap Report 2021

Why in news?

  • World Economic Forum has released the Global Gender Gap Report 2021.
  • India has fallen 28 places in the report
  • India has ranked 140 among 156 countries in Global Gender Gap Index 2021, which is 28 spots lower than its 2020 ranking.
  • Iceland has topped the rankings for the 12th time.

Key Findings Of The Report

  • Iceland continued to top the index in 2021. It was followed by Finland and Norway. Afghanistan was at the last position at 156.
  • South Asia incidentally is one of the worst performing regions, followed only by the Middle East and northern Africa.  Global Gender Gap Report 2021
  • Amongst India’s Neighbours, Bangladesh is ranked at 65, Nepal at 106, Pakistan at 153, Afghanistan at 156, Bhutan at 130, and Sri Lanka at 116.
  • The gender gap in political empowerment remains the largest: women represent only 26.1% of some 35,500 parliament seats and just 22.6% of over 3,400 ministers worldwide.
  • Bangladesh is the only country where more women have held head-of-state positions than men in the past 50 years.
  • The countries with the largest gender gaps in economic participation include Iran, India, Pakistan, Syria, Yemen, Iraq, and Afghanistan.
  • It will take South Asia 195.4 years to close the gender gap, while Western Europe will take 52.1 years.
  • Western Europe has made the most progress. It has closed 77.6 percent of the gender gap so far. It is followed by:
    • North America – 76.4 percent
    • Latin America and Carribean – 71.2 percent
    • Eastern Europe and Central Asia – 71.1 percent

India’s performance

  • Ranking: India’s ranking on the Index drops 28 places to 140 amongst the 156 nations. In 2020, India was ranked at 112th place in the report.
  • Income: Further, the estimated earned income of women in India is only one-fifth of men’s, which puts the country among the bottom 10 globally on this indicator.
  • Gender Gap: India has closed 62.5% of its gender gap to date. However, the gender gap increased by 4.2% compared to 2020. This explains why India has fallen 28 places in the ranking.
  • Political empowerment: India regressed 13.5 percentage points, with a significant decline in the number of women ministers.
  • Economic participation: India’s gender gap on this dimension widened by 3% this year, leading to a 32.6% gap closed to date.  Global Gender Gap Report 2021
  • Health: Discrimination against women is also reflected in the health and survival sub index statistics. With 93.7% of this gap closed to date, India ranks among the bottom five countries in this sub index.
  • Violence: Wide gaps in sex ratio at birth are due to the high incidence of gender-based sex-selective practices. In addition, more than one in four women has faced intimate violence in her lifetime, the report said.

About Global Gender Gap Report   [Global Gender Gap Report 2021]

  • It was first published in 2006 by the WEF.
  • It benchmarks 156 countries on their progress towards gender parity in four dimensions:
    • Economic Participation and Opportunity,
    • Educational Attainment,
    • Health and Survival and
    • Political Empowerment.
  • Over the Index, the highest possible score is 1 (equality) and the lowest possible score is 0 (inequality).
  • The aim of the report is to serve as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics. Through this annual yardstick, the stakeholders within each country are able to set priorities relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context. Global Gender Gap Report 2021



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