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GI Certified Bhalia Wheat: Gujarat

GI Certified Bhalia Wheat: Gujarat

Why in news?

  • Recently, the first shipment of Geographical Indication (GI) certified Bhalia variety of wheat was exported to Kenya and Sri Lanka from Gujarat.

About Bhalia Variety of Wheat

  • GI certified wheat has high protein content and has sweet taste.
  • It is grown mostly across Bhal region of Gujarat. It is also grown in Ahmedabad, Kheda, Anand, Bhavnagar, Bhavnagar and Bharuch districts.
  • This unique characteristic of wheat variety is grown in rainfed condition without irrigation and cultivated across two lakh hectares of agricultural land in Gujarat.
  • Bhalia variety of wheat received GI certification in July, 2011.
  • Registered proprietor of GI certification is Anand Agricultural University in Gujarat.

What is Geographical Indication (GI)?

  • It is a sign on products having a unique geographical origin and evolution over centuries with regard to its special quality or reputed attributes.
  • It is a mark of authenticity and ensures that registered authorized users or at least those residing inside the geographic territory are allowed to use the popular product names.
  • GI tag in India is governed by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999.
  • It is issued by the Geographical Indications Registry (Chennai).

What are the Benefits of GI Tag?

  • It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications thus preventing unauthorized use of the registered GIs by others.
  • It promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.
  • It leads to recognition of the product in other countries thus boosting exports.

Wheat

  • Rabi Crop: It is sown in October-December and harvested during April-June.
  • Temperature: Between 10-15°C (Sowing time) and 21-26°C (Ripening & Harvesting) with bright sunlight.
  • Rainfall: Around 75-100 cm.            GI Certified Bhalia Wheat: Gujarat
  • Soil Type: Well-drained fertile loamy and clayey loamy (Ganga-Satluj plains and black soil region of the Deccan).
  • Major wheat growing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat.
  • India is the second largest producer after China.
  • Success of the Green Revolution contributed to the growth of Rabi crops, especially wheat.
  • Macro Management Mode of Agriculture, National Food Security Mission and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana are few government initiatives to support wheat cultivation.
  • The wheat exports from India witnessed a significant growth of 808% in the fiscal 2020-21.
  • India exported a substantial quantity of grain to seven new countries – Yemen, Indonesia, Bhutan, Philippines, Iran, Cambodia and Myanmar during 2020-21.                  GI Certified Bhalia Wheat: Gujarat

ALSO READ ; https://www.brainyias.com/organic-farming-in-india/

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