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Foreign Travellers Who Visited Vijaynagar Empire

Foreign Travellers Who Visited Vijaynagar Empire

  • Ibn Battuta, the Moroccan traveler visited Vijaynagar empire during the times of Harihara I and recorded his observations in his book Kitab-ur-Rehla written in Arabic.
  • Nicolo de Conti, the Itanlian visited Vijaynagar empire during the time of Dev Raya I. He observes that city of Vijaynagar had 90,000 men fit to bear arms. He says that people who couldn’t pay back the creditors are slaves.                      Foreign Travellers Who Visited Vijaynagar Empire
  • Abdur Razzak, the Persian visited Vijaynagar empire during time of Deva Raya II. He observes that Vijaynagar had 300 ports and says that “eye has not seen nor the ear heard of any place resembling the city of Vijaynagar”. He refers to pearls, rubies, diamonds sold in the bazaars. He refers to the hoarding of wealth by the Rayas and refers to presence of Secretariat.
  • Domingo Paes, a Portuguese traveler who visited Vijaynagar in the times of Krishna Dev Raya says that men of ever nation inhabit the city of Vijaynagar and that it’s the best provided city in the world.
  • He refers to the practice of killing many animals in the festival of Mahanavami. He says Krishna Dev Raya is a great ruler of justice but with fits of rage.
  • Duarte Barbosa, a Portuguese traveler who visited Vijaynagar in the times of Krishnadeva Raya says that Sati is not prevalent among Lingayats, Brahmins and Chettis. He says that South Indian ships were built in the Maldives.
  • Fernao Nuniz was a Portuguese traveler visiting in the times of Achyuta Raya. He says that the kings of Quilon, Sri Lanka, Pulicat, Pegu, Tenasserim and Malaya paid tribute to Devraya II. He says that there were abut 200 Nayaks in the Vijaynagar empire.
  • Caesar Frederick describes destruction of city of Vijaynagar at the hands of Muslims. He was a Portuguese traveler.                        Foreign Travellers Who Visited Vijaynagar Empire
  • Nikitin, a Russian traveler of 16th century says that while nobles are prosperous, life in the countryside was miserable in Vijaynagar period.                      Foreign Travellers Who Visited Vijaynagar Empire

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Medieval History

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