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Feminist Perspective on Justice

Feminist Perspective on Justice

  • The feminist perspective on justice means: elimination of male domination, equality of rights, bridging the public and the private spheres and creation of society, culture and politics in non-patriarchal forms.
  • Susan Moller Okin, in Justice, Gender and the Family, states that women are systematically disadvantaged in all areas of life, but equality within the home would make gender equality possible in all other areas of life.
  • Some thinkers differentiate between women’s ethics of care and men’s ethics of justice, that is, women’s ethics is characterized by care, nurture, love, values and peace, whereas men’s ethics is impartial, objective and universal.
  • Nel Noddings demonstrate the difference between these two ethics by using the examples of Abraham and Ceres. Abraham was prepared to sacrifice his son for the sake of principles, whereas Ceres was prepared to sacrifice any principles for the sake of her child.
  • Feminists have objected to such bifurcation. Catharine Mackinnon and Joan Tronto pointed out that such a dichotomy reaffirms the sexist stereotypes of women’s traditional roles. There is nothing inherent to women, which makes them incapable of rational, universal and objective sentiments.
  • Susan Moller Okin attempts to refashion the ethics of justice from a feminist standpoint. Most feminists suggest that an ethics of care could be made effective only if it is grounded in justice. They see care and justice as complementary to each other.                          Feminist Perspective on Justice

Rights

  • Rights are integral to individual’s good life and social welfare. The important meanings of `rights’ are- ‘claims’, liberties’, `powers’ and `immunities’. In popular sense, rights are justified claims.                                                                          Feminist Perspective on Justice
  • Rights are classified by their specific sources. Thus, we can have natural rights, moral rights, human rights, legal rights, fundamental rights, political rights and civil rights.
  • Similarly we can talk about women’s rights, children’s rights, dalit’s rights, minorities’ rights, patient’s rights, animal rights and so on.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/rawls-theory-of-justice/

ETHICS LECTURES

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