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FACTS FOR PRELIMS 28-07-2018

FACT # 1

INVEST INDIA 

 

Why in news?  Invest India and Business France have signed a MoU to promote investment facilitation and cooperation between startups of India and France.

 

Invest India:

  • Invest India is the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency of India and acts as the first point of reference for investors in India.
  • Operationalized in early 2010, Invest India is set up as a joint venture company between the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce & Industry (35% equity), Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) (51% equity), and State Governments of India (0.5% each).
  • Invest India is set up as a non-profit venture under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industries, Government of India.
  • Invest India is transforming the country’s investment climate by simplifying the business environment for investors.
  • Its experts, specializing across different countries, Indian states and sectors, handhold investors through their investment lifecycle from pre-investment to after-care.
  • Invest India’s specialists provide multiple forms of support such as market entry strategies, deep dive industry analysis, partner search and location assessment, and policy advocacy with decision makers.

FACT # 2

INNOVATE INDIA PLATFORM

 

Why in news? Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog & MyGov has launched “Innovate India Platform recently.

 

Innovate India Platform:

  • The Innovate India Platform is a collaboration between the Atal Innovation Mission and MyGov.
  • It is a citizen centric platform of the Government of India.
  • The #InnovateIndia portal will serve as the common point for all the innovation happening across the nation.
  • The portal creates the much-needed innovations platform for registering both grassroots and deep-tech innovators at a national level.
  • Those searching for a critical innovation can leverage the portal advantageously for the benefit of the economy as well as national social needs.
  • Some of the features of this platform are:
    • The platform is open to all Indian citizens
    • The users can View, comment, share, and rate the innovations crowd sourced on the #InnovateIndia platform
    • View the leaderboard which is calculated based on the votes on each innovation.
    • Citizens can share their/organizations/someone else’s innovation on the platform by login to the MyGov website
    • These innovations can also be shared on various social media platforms such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Twitter
  • It aims to capture and support innovation from ground up and will create a structured ecosystem to encourage, enhance and develop India’s innovative character.
  • With the launch of the platform Indians will be able to upload and rate their/organizations innovation on the platform.

FACT # 3

NATIONAL VIRAL HEPATITIS CONTROL PROGRAM 

 

Why in news? Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched the National Viral Hepatitis Control Program to mark the World Hepatitis Day, 2018.

 

National Viral Hepatitis Control Program:

  • MoHFW has launched the ‘National Viral Hepatitis Control Program’, with the goal of ending viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030 in the country.
  • The aim of the initiative is to reduce morbidity and mortality due to viral hepatitis.
  • The key strategies include preventive and promotive interventions with focus on:
    • awareness generation
    • safe injection practices and socio-cultural practices
    • sanitation and hygiene
    • safe drinking water supply
    • infection control and immunization
    • co-ordination and collaboration with different Ministries and departments
    • increasing access to testing and management of viral hepatitis
    • promoting diagnosis and providing treatment support for patients of hepatitis B &C through standardized testing and management protocols with focus on treatment of hepatitis B and C
    • building capacities at national, state, district levels and sub-district level up to Primary Health Centres (PHC) and health and wellness centres such that the program can be scaled up till the lowest level of the healthcare facility in a phased manner.

Hepatitis:

  • Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue.
  • Some people have no symptoms whereas others develop yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, poor appetite, vomiting, tiredness, abdominal pain, or diarrhea.
  • The most common cause of hepatitis worldwide is viruses.
  • Other causes include heavy alcohol use, certain medications, toxins, other infections, autoimmune diseases, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
  • There are five main types of viral hepatitis: type A, B, C, D, and E.
  • Hepatitis A and E are mainly spread by contaminated food and water.
  • Hepatitis B is mainly sexually transmitted, but may also be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy or childbirth.
  • Both Hepatitis B and C are commonly spread through infected blood such as may occur during needle sharing by intravenous drug users.
  • Hepatitis D can only infect people already infected with hepatitis B.

 

World Hepatitis Day:

  • The day is being observed since 2010.
  • It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • WHO had passed a resolution for observance of this day on viral hepatitis in May 2010 had passed, providing official endorsement to it.
  • World Hepatitis Day (WHD) takes places every year on 28 July bringing the world together under a single theme to raise awareness of the global burden of viral hepatitis and to influence real change.

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