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FACTS FOR PRELIMS 24-07-2018

FACT # 1

Khelo India Talent Development Scheme

 

Why in news?  734 youngsters have been shortlisted for complete scholarship under the Khelo India talent development scheme.

 

Khelo India talent development scheme:

  • The Khelo India Scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports through its twelve verticals which provides for promotion of sports in entire country including rural areas.
  • Khelo India is the basic platform to showcase sporting skills and spotting talent at the national level.
  • It also provides development pathways for gifted and talented children to achieve excellence.
  • The Central Government will organize the following National level competitions in respect of priority sports disciplines at various places across the country.
    • Khelo India National School Games
    • Khelo India National University Games
  • In addition, the Sports Authority of India (SAI), an autonomous organization under the aegis of the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, is implementing a number of sports promotional schemes across the country to identify talented sports persons in the age group of 8-25 years and nurture them to excel at national and international competitions.
  • Sports Promotional Schemes of SAI:
    • National Sports Talent Contest Scheme (NSTC)
    • Army Boys Sports Company (ABSC)
    • SAI Training Centre (STC)
    • Special Area Games (SAG)
    • Extension Centre of STC/SAG
    • Centre of Excellence (COE)
    • National Sports Academies (NSA)
  • Many of the sports persons identified under SAI Sports Promotional Schemes belong to the rural, tribal, backward, coastal and inaccessible hilly areas of the country.
  • They are provided with training facilities in the form of expert sports coaches, requisite playing facilities, boarding & lodging, sports kit, competition exposure, educational expenses, medical/insurance and stipend as per the scheme approved norms.

FACT # 2

QR Code

Why in news? The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has initiated the process of introducing QR code in textbooks for students to read additional content on laptops and digital boards.

 

QR code:

  • Quick Response Code is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode.
  • It is a two-dimensional barcode which was first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan.
  • A barcode is a machine-readable optical label that contains information about the item to which it is attached.
  • A QR code uses four standardized encoding modes (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary, and kanji) to efficiently store data; extensions may also be used.
  • The Quick Response (QR code) system became popular outside the automotive industry due to its fast readability and greater storage capacity compared to standard UPC barcodes.
  • Applications include product tracking, item identification, time tracking, document management, and general marketing.
  • A QR code consists of black squares arranged in a square grid on a white background.
  • This can be read by an imaging device such as a camera, and processed using Reed–Solomon error correction until the image can be appropriately interpreted.
  • The required data is then extracted from patterns that are present in both horizontal and vertical components of the image.

FACT # 3

Public Affairs Index 2018

Why in news? Public Affairs Index ratings have recently been released for the year 2018.

 

Public Affairs Index 2018:

  • Kerala stands as the best-governed state in the country.
  • It has topped the Public Affairs Index (PAI) for 2018 as the best-governed state for the third consecutive year since 2016 among large states.
  • It is followed by Tamil Nadu at the second rank.
  • Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat are ranked third, fourth and fifth among the top five states delivering good governance.
  • Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar are ranked the lowest on the PAI, indicating higher social and economic inequalities in the states.
  • Among smaller states (with population less than two crore), Himachal Pradesh topped the list, followed by Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura which figured among the top five states with good governance.
  • Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya were ranked at the bottom of the index among small states.
  • Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Mizoram topped the index on being the states to provide better living conditions for all children.

 

Public Affairs Index:

  • The index examines governance performance in the states through a data-based framework, ranking them on social and economic development they are able to provide.
  • The index is released since in 2016 by Bengaluru base Public Affairs Centre (PAC), a not for profit think tank which aims to improve governance in India.
  • It is based on 10 themes, 30 focus subjects and 100 indicators, relying solely upon government data.
  • It covers wide range of themes such as support to human development, social protection, essential infrastructure, women and children, crime, law and order, delivery of justice, transparency and accountability, environment, fiscal management and economic freedom.

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