CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

FACTS FOR PRELIMS 23-07-2018

FACT # 1

Severe Acute Malnourished (SAM)

 

Why in news? The Odisha State Food Commission has expressed concern over the under-reporting of severe acute malnourished (SAM) children in the State.

 

Severe acute malnourished (SAM):

  • Severe acute malnutrition is defined by a very low weight for, by visible severe wasting, or by the presence of nutritional oedema.
  • It is caused by a significant imbalance between nutritional intake and individual needs.
  • It is most often caused by both quantitative (number of kilocalories/day) and qualitative (vitamins and minerals, etc.) deficiencies.
  • Decreasing child mortality and improving maternal health depend heavily on reducing malnutrition, which is responsible, directly or indirectly, for 35% of deaths among children under five.
  • In India, Anganwadi workers use MUAC (Mid Upper Arm Circumference) tape to determine SAM and list out all children whose MUAC measurement is below 11.5 cm.
  • Many districts did not identify and report on MAM (Moderately Acute Malnourished) children.
  • This includes all those children whose MUAC measurement lies in between 11.5 cm and 12.5 cm

FACT # 2

Student Police Cadet (SPC) Programme 

Why in news? Union Home Minister has launched the Student Police Cadet (SPC) programme for nationwide implementation.

 

Student Police Cadet (SPC) programme:

  • The SPC programme focuses on students of Classes 8 & 9 and special care has been taken to ensure that it does not lead to increase in the workload of the students.
  • The programme does not have any prescribed textbook nor is any exam envisaged.
  • Only one class in a month is proposed.
  • The programme seeks to cover broadly two kinds of topics, – crime prevention and control; and values and ethics.
  • The students having undergone SPC training will be given advantage in police recruitment.
  • The SPC would lead to a silent revolution over the years by focusing on character building by imparting moral values to budding minds.
  • It would help in making students responsible citizens by inculcating values of respect to the elderly, discipline, social responsibility and through police-student interaction.
  • It will provide a healthy interface between schools and police peace and inculcate in the students aspects of public safety, discipline, patience, tolerance, empathy, respect of senior citizens, social harmony, traffic sense and a corruption-free environment.
  • The youth of tomorrow who emerge out of such programme would bear ethical values of social commitment and be aware of social evils such as drugs, alcohol abuse, intolerance and vandalism.

FACT # 3

Dhole

Why in news? Wildlife scientists have collared dhole, the Indian wild dog, with a satellite transmitter to study the habits of the endangered species.

Dhole:

  • The dhole is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia.
  • It is genetically close to species within the genus Canis.
  • During the Pleistocene, the dhole ranged throughout Asia, Europe and North America but became restricted to its historical range 12,000–18,000 years ago.
  • The dhole is a highly social animal, living in large clans without rigid dominance hierarchies and containing multiple breeding females.
  • It is a diurnal pack hunter which preferentially targets medium and large sized ungulates.
  • In tropical forests, the dhole competes with tigers and leopards, targeting somewhat different prey species, but still with substantial dietary overlap.
  • It is listed as Endangered by the IUCN as populations are decreasing and are estimated at fewer than 2,500 adults.
  • Factors contributing to this decline include habitat loss, loss of prey, competition with other species, persecution due to livestock predation and disease transfer from domestic dogs.
  • The dhole is already extinct in about 10 Asian countries.
  • Conservation ecologists believe the renewed efforts can help protect dholes.

Send this to a friend