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Facts 19-04-2018

FACT # 1

CYBERSECURITY TECH ACCORD

WHY IN NEWS? Recently 34 global technology and security companies have signed a Cybersecurity Tech Accord.

CYBERSECURITY TECH ACCORD:

  • Cybersecurity Tech Accord is a watershed agreement among the largest-ever group of companies agreeing to defend all customers everywhere from malicious attacks by cybercriminal enterprises and nation-states.
  • The 34 companies include ABB, Arm, Cisco, Facebook, HP, HPE, Microsoft, Nokia, Oracle, and Trend Micro, and together represent operators of technologies that power the world’s internet communication and information infrastructure.
  • The companies made commitments in the following four areas:
    • Stronger defense:
      • The companies will mount a stronger defense against cyberattacks.
      • As part of this, recognizing that everyone deserves protection, the companies pledged to protect all customers globally regardless of the motivation for attacks online.
    • No offense:
      • The companies will not help governments launch cyberattacks against innocent citizens and enterprises, and will protect against tampering or exploitation of their products and services through every stage of technology development, design and distribution.
    • Capacity building:
      • The companies will do more to empower developers and the people and businesses that use their technology, helping them improve their capacity for protecting themselves.
      • This may include joint work on new security practices and new features the companies can deploy in their individual products and services.
    • Collective action:
      • The companies will build on existing relationships and together establish new formal and informal partnerships with industry, civil society and security researchers.
      • It will aim to improve technical collaboration, coordinate vulnerability disclosures, share threats and minimize the potential for malicious code to be introduced into cyberspace.

  • The Tech Accord will help to protect the integrity of the one trillion connected devices we expect to see deployed within the next 20 years
  • Companies that signed the accord plan to hold their first meeting during the security-focused RSA Conference taking place in San Francisco, and will focus on capacity building and collective action.

FACT # 2

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL 

WHY IN NEWS?  India has won six elections to UN Economic and Social Council (Ecosoc) bodies.

 UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL:

  • It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, responsible for coordinating the economic, social, and related work of 15 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions.
  • The ECOSOC has 54 members.
  • A number of non-governmental organisationshave been granted consultative status to the Council to participate in the work of the United Nations.
  • ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues and formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations system.
  • EcoSoc is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues as well as for implementation of internationally agreed development goals.
  • It supervises subsidiary and expert bodies in the economic, social and environmental fields.

ELECTIONS WON BY INDIA:

  • India has won six elections to UN Economic and Social Council (Ecosoc) bodies, five of them unanimously.
  • In the recent polls India won places on the executive boards of four UN bodies, three commissions and a committee.
    • Commissions:
      • UN Commission on Population and Development
      • UN Commission for Social Development
      • UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
    • Executive Boards:
      • Executive Board of UN Development Programme (UNDP)
      • Executive Board of UN Population Fund (UNFPA)
      • Executive Board of UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
      • Executive Board of UN-Women
    • Committees:
      • Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO) Committee.

FACT # 3

NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR MINORITY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS (NCMEI)

 

WHY IN NEWS? The Supreme Court has ruled all questions relating to conferring minority status on educational institutions that are to be decided by the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI).

 

NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR MINORITY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS (NCMEI)

  • The National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions was set up in 2004.
  • The Commission is mandated to look into specific complaints regarding deprivation or violation of rights of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
  • The Commission is a quasi-judicial body and has been endowed with the powers of a Civil Court.
  • It is to be headed by a Chairman who has been a Judge of the High Court and three members are to be nominated by Central Government.

ROLE OF THE NCMEI COMMISSION:

  • The Commission has 3 roles namely adjudicatory function, advisory function and recommendatory powers.
  • So far as affiliation of a minority educational institution to a university is concerned, the decision of the Commission would be final.
  • The Commission has powers to advise the Central Government or any State Government on any question relating to the education of minorities that may be referred to it.
  • The Commission can make recommendations to the Central Government and the State Governments regarding any matter which directly or indirectly deprives the minority community of their educational rights enshrined in Article 30.

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