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FACTORS LEADING TO THE HOME RULE MOVEMENT

FACTORS LEADING TO THE HOME RULE MOVEMENT

THE HOME RULE MOVEMENT

  • The Home Rule Movement was the Indian response to the First World War in a less charged but a more effective way than the response of Indians living abroad which took the form of the romantic Ghadr adventure.
  • The Indian Home Rule Leagues were organised on the lines of the Irish Home Rule Leagues and they represented the emergence of a new trend of aggressive politics.
  • Annie Besant and Tilak were the pioneers of this new trend.

FACTORS LEADING TO THE MOVEMENT:

  • A section of nationalists felt that popular pressure was required to attain concessions from the Government.
  • The Moderates were disillusioned with the Morley- Minto reforms.
  • People were feeling the burden of wartime miseries caused by high taxation and a rise in prices, and were ready to participate in any aggressive movement of protest.
  • The War, being fought among the major imperialist powers of the day and backed by naked propaganda against each other, exposed the myth of white superiority.
  • Tilak was ready to assume leadership after his release in June 1914, and had made conciliatory gestures to reassure the Government of his loyalty and to the Moderates that he wanted, like the Irish Home Rulers, a reform of the administration and not an overthrow of the Government. He also said that the acts of violence had only served to retard the pace of political progress in India. He urged all Indians to assist the British Government in its hour of crisis.

Annie Besant, the Irish theosophist based in India since 1896, had decided to enlarge the sphere of her activities to include the building of a movement for Home Rule on the lines of the Irish Home Rule Leagues.                                                      FACTORS LEADING TO THE HOME RULE MOVEMENT

OBJECTIVE OF THE HOME RULE LEAGUES

  • The League campaign aimed to convey to the common man the message of Home Rule as self-government.
  • It carried a much wider appeal than the earlier mobilisations did and also attracted the hitherto politically backward regions of Gujarat and Sindh.
  • The aim was to be achieved by promoting political education and discussion through public meetings, organising libraries and reading rooms containing books on national politics, holding conferences, organising classes for students on politics, propaganda through newspapers, pamphlets, posters, illustrated post-cards, plays, religious songs, etc., collecting funds, organising social work, and participating in local government activities.
  • The Russian Revolution of 1917 proved to be an added advantage for the Home Rule campaign.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/causes-of-failure-of-swadeshi-movement/

 

Modern History

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