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Different Types Of Majority Required For Amending The Constitution

Different Types Of Majority Required For Amending The Constitution

There are Four type of majorities mentioned in Constitution of India

Simple/Functional Majority 

more than 50% of members present and voting.

Usage–

  • Confidence Motion
  • No Confidence motion
  • vote of thanks to the President of India
  • Censure motion
  • Adjournment motion etc.
  • For Ordinary Money and Finance bills
  • Election of Speaker, Dy. Speaker of Lok Sabha and Dy. chairman of RS.
  • Approval of continuance of finance emergency and president’s rule(Article 365)
  • Disapproval of continuance of National emergency
  • Ratification of the constitution amendment bills by state legislature

Absolute Majority | Different Types Of Majority Required For Amending The Constitution

More than 50% of total strength of the House.
Absolute majority of Lok Sabha = 50% of total member i.e. 545 = 273 or        more.
Rajya Sabha = 50% of 245 = 123 or more.

Effective Majority 

More than 50% of Effective Strength.

What is Effective strength?

Effective Strength = (Total Strength Of The House – Vacancies)

Here vacancies means seat vacated only by death, resignation or     disqualify.

Usage

Only in two cases

  • Removal of Vice-President of India.
  • Removal of speaker/Dy. speaker of Lok Sabha, Dy. chairman of Rajya Sabha.

Special Majority 

There is 3 type of special majority

Special Majority of first Kind | Different Types Of Majority Required For Amending The Constitution

Majority of not less than 2/3 of the member present and voting.

Usage

  • Under Article 249
  • Under Article 312

Special Majority of second Kind

Two conditions to fulfill –
1. Not less than 2/3 of members present and voting
2. By a majority of the total strength(TS) of the house (i.e. 50% of TS)
Usage

  • Constitution amendment bills
  • Removal of judges of SC & HC, CAG of India, Chief Election Officer
  • Continuance of National Emergency.
  • Under Article 169 i.e Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in       States.

Special Majority of third Kind | Different Types Of Majority Required For Amending The Constitution

Majority not less than 2/3 of total strength of the house.

Usage

  • Impeachment of the President of India Under Article 61.

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