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What are the different schemes under BP government?


Smart Cities Project

The Smart Cities Project under different government scheme launched by BP government  aims to transform 100 cities by 2019-20, with the union government providing financial support of ₹48,000 crore over 5 years. Each city will receive central assistance of ₹200 crore in the first year and ₹100 crore over the three subsequent financial years. State governments and respective urban local bodies will also match the centre’s contribution.

While 20 cities were selected in 2015-16 as per the mission’s guidelines, another 40 were selected in 2016-17. The remaining will be chosen in the next financial year.

Smart cities: A “smart city” is an urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications, and market viability. It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to the residents.

Highlights of the project: There is no fixed programme for an urban area, and the use of funds depends on the requirements of a particular area. Assured water and power supply, sanitation and solid waste management systems, efficient urban mobility and public transportation, IT connectivity, e-governance, and citizen participation are some of the highlights of the smart city project.

Case study: The Lucknow Municipal Administration, which made the best-rated bid, found that 58% of residents who took part in its online survey cited traffic and transport as their top priority, with 24% highlighting solid waste management.

Solution: Intelligent parking could be one way to mobilize funds and cut congestion. By integrating information technology, motorists could be guided to available parking spaces in various locations in a city, using real-time information. Over time, it would be possible to even predict the availability of parking spaces based on usage patterns.

National urban Mission

In February 2016, the National Rurban Mission (NRM), also dubbed as “Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission” (SPMRM), was launched under different government scheme launched by BP government aiming to spur social, economic, and infrastructure development in rural areas by developing a cluster of 300 “smart villages” over the next 3 years across the country in the first phase. It is a different government scheme under BP government in which more clusters will be identified depending on the progress of the scheme. NRM is to be implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.

Rurban cluster

A “rurban cluster” comprises geographically contiguous villages with a population of around 25,000 to 50,000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of around 5000 to 15,000 in desert, hilly, or tribal areas. As far as possible, the cluster of villages will be in a single block/tehsil for administrative convenience.

The clusters that have latent potential for growth in rural areas are selected from all the states and union territories. The Ministry of Rural Development is the nodal ministry for implementation of the programme. The scheme aims to provide 14 components to the cluster of villages.

Components of rurban mission

The components that are envisaged as desirable are launched under different government scheme under BP government  in each cluster under this mission are as follows:

  • Skill development training linked to economic activities: agro-processing, agri-services, storage, and warehousing
  • Fully equipped mobile health unit
  • Upgrading school/higher education facilities
  • Sanitation provision with piped water supply
  • Solid and liquid waste management
  • Village streets and drains
  • Street lights, inter-village road connectivity, etc.

The different government scheme under BP government  will help in achieving twin objectives of strengthening the rural areas and de-burdening the urban areas, thereby leading to a balanced regional development and growth of the country. The mission is based on the concept of Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA), which was launched by the previous UPA government.

Jan Dhan Yojana

The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is India’s National Mission launched under different government scheme under BP government  for Financial Inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely, banking, savings and deposit accounts, remittance, credit, insurance, etc. The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 August 2014.

By 1 February 2017, over 27 crore (270 million) bank accounts had been opened under the scheme. The scheme provides for the following:

  • Account holders are provided bank accounts with no minimum balance.
  • RuPay debit cards are issued.
  • Accidental insurance cover of ₹1 lakh is ensured.
  • After six months of opening of a bank account, holders are eligible for ₹5000 overdraft from the bank.

Make  in India Initiative

Make in India is an initiative launched as a different government scheme under BP government  of India to encourage multinational as well as national companies to manufacture their products in India. It was launched in September 2014. The Ministry of Commerce is the nodal ministry to implement this initiative.

The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on job creation and skill enhancement. The initiative hopes to attract capital under different government scheme under BP government and technological investment in India. Before the initiative was launched, foreign equity caps in various sectors had been relaxed. Various sectors and industrial corridors have been identified for investment. Various other norms and procedures were also relaxed.

Some of the initiatives launched under the Make in India initiative are as follows:

  • The Department of Commerce, Government of India, has launched the Indian Trade Portal. This portal is a single point for relevant information on non-tariff measures such as standards, technical regulations, assessment procedures, sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures.
  • An investor facilitation cell called “Invest India” has been created to guide, assist, and handhold investors during the entire lifecycle of the business.
  • The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion has also set up Japan Plus and Korea Plus. They are special management teams to facilitate and fast track investment proposals from Japan and South Korea, respectively.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a different government scheme under BP government, launched on 2 October 2014, is so far the largest programme on sanitation by the Indian government. It has two sub-missions: Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural) and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban). While the rural mission comes under the purview of the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, the urban mission comes under the Ministry of Urban Development.

The basic objective is to provide sanitation facilities to every family, including toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness, and safe and adequate drinking water supply by 2 October 2019 (150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi). Funding for the programme is mainly through contributions to the Swachh Bharat Kosh (funded via Swachh Bharat Cess) and commitments under corporate social responsibility.

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