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Difference between Ethics ,values and morals

What is Ethics? | Difference between Ethics ,values and morals

  • Ethics is the study of what is right or wrong in human conduct.
  • Ethics constitute an integral part of the Human society. Any decision that we make has an ethical base. The role of ethics in the human society lies in determining what is desirable or undesirable. Thus, ethics is a philosophical concept that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong. It necessarily involves the moral behaviour of humans. Ethics relate to the concerns of good and bad, right and wrong, virtue and vice and justice and injustice.
  • However, ethics are driven by a concern towards the good life. If something is contrary to the drive towards achieving the good of mankind, that cannot be seen as ethical. That is why, many philosophers have attributed great value to the conception of good life.
  • The term ‘ethics’ has been derived from the Latin root word ‘ethos’ which means character, habit, customs, etc. Hence, Ethics is also known as Moral Philosophy.

What are Values?

  • Values can be defined as those things that are valued by someone. In other words, values are what is considered ‘important‘ by an individual or an organization. Examples include courage, honesty, freedom, innovation etc.
  • Value = Degree of Importance of Something
  • Value denotes the degree of importance of something (or even an action).
  • Values help in determining what actions are best to do.

Values vs Ethics

  • Ethics determine what is right.
  • Values are ideals of someone (or a group) about what is good or bad (or desirable or undesirable).
  • Ethics is all about reasoning how to do the right action.
  • Values motivate, while morals and ethics constrain.
  • Types of values
    • Moral Values (honesty, goodness, humility etc)
    • Spiritiual Values
    • Social Values
    • Intellectual Values
    • Economic Values

What are Morals? | Difference between Ethics ,values and morals

  • The word Morals originated from the Latin word Mos. The meaning of Mos is custom.
  • When it comes to acceptability of Morality it transcends the norms laid down by culture.
  • Morality are seen from the perspective of an individual.
  • Change in Morality depends on the change in the beliefs of an individual.
  • Morality is followed because a person believes that it is the right course of action.
  • There could be situations where ethics are violated by a moral person to maintain to uphold his moral values.
  • Morality has a religious connotation

Ethics vs Morals

  • Ethics = Morals + Reasoning.
  • To have an ethical viewpoint, you should be able to give some reason for it.
  • Ethics is Moral Philosophy, and Philosophy is all about reasoning
  • For example, you might feel that it is morally wrong to steal, but if you have an ethical viewpoint on it, it should be based on some sets of arguments and analysis about why it would be wrong to steal.
  • To be moral is all about adhering to what is described (by society or religion). But to be ethical, you should figure out what is right – by applying some principles and considering all the complexities involved.
  • The ethical life is the harder path.

Relationship Between Ethics, Morality And Values

  • Ethics can be differentiated from Morality, as the latter is a set of beliefs and practices concerned with what is understood as good and evil. While ethics are philosophical deliberations that come up with the moral justifications and principles that guide our moral values.
  • Thus, ethics has a wider scope than morality. However, still, the terms- ethics and morality are often used interchangeably.
  • While morality can limit the scope of human deliberation, in determining the goals and means towards the human ends, Ethics, on the other hand, lays faith in the free will of the individual, and gives enough room for the individual to deliberate upon different means to an end, while also providing a moral justification for the same.
  • The obligatory character of ethical norms is derived from the very fact that they are derived on the basis of experience of the ages, based upon human free will.
  • However, it should not be believed that ethical principles are timeless. Ethical principles change with time, place, society, and circumstances. Nor can ethical principles be developed instantly. Rather, they are evolved through ages and through human experience. Thus, ethical principles are always relative to their social-cultural context.
  • That is why, behaviour, that is seen as inconsistent with the ethical principles, can be a part of the ethics of another society. Therefore, ethics are always relative to the socio-cultural background of an individual. However, it remains a universal fact that, ethics are central in the functioning of any society. Though the content of ethics change, with societies, their nature and significance remain the same.

 

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