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Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS)

Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS)

About Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP)

  • Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP-I) was undertaken in the year 2012 for comprehensive rehabilitation and improvement of 223 dam projects in seven States of India till 2020.
  • DRIP Phase II & Phase III will be implemented over a period of 10 years from 2021 to 2031 for comprehensive rehabilitation of 736 existing dams located across the country.
  • Project aims to improve safety and operational performance of dams, along with institutional strengthening with system wide management approach.

Background

  • India ranks third globally after China and the United States of America, with 5334 large dams in operation about 411 dams are under construction and several thousand smaller dams.
  • These dams are vital for ensuring the water security of the Country and play an important role in the economic and agricultural growth of our country.
  • At present due to deferred maintenance and other health issues, these dams have associated risks in case of failure and observed catastrophic consequences, in terms of loss of human life and property, and damage to ecology.
  • So, in 2012, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation through Central Water Commission started Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance.
  • Now, DRIP Phase II & Phase III launched with the financial assistance of the World Bank (WB) and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

Objectives of the project | Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS)

  • Rehabilitation and Improvement of Dams and Associated Appurtenances:
    • Project is focused on mitigating the risks of dam failure and ensuring safety of people, riverine ecology and property located downstream of dams through structural and non-structural measures.
    • For this, Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA), Seismic Hazard
    • Assessment Information System (SHAISYS) have been developed and Dam Safety Conferences, training programmes were organised.
  • Project Management
  • Dam Safety Institutional Strengthening:
    • In addition to physical rehabilitation, emphasis has been given to capacity building of dam owners through customized training programmes in order to ensure availability of trained and skilled manpower for better operation of dams.

About Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA)

  • Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA) is a web-based software to support the effective collection and management of dam safety data in respect of all large dams of India.

About Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS)

  • Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS) is a web based interactive application tool to estimate the seismic hazard at any point in Indian region.

Drip Phase II & Phase III : Objectives

  • To improve the safety and performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a sustainable manner.
  • To explore the alternative incidental means at few of selected dams to generate the incidental revenue for sustainable operation and maintenance of dams
  • To strengthen the dam safety institutional setup in participating states as well as at central level.

Components of Drip Phase II & Phase III

  • Project management.
  • Rehabilitation and improvement of dams and associated appurtenances
  • Exploration of alternative incidental means at few of selected dams to generate the incidental revenue for sustainable operation and maintenance of dams
  • Dam safety institutional strengthening in participating States and Central agencies

Intended benefits | Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS)

  • The programme will enable states and dam owners to extend safety protocols and activities beyond the selected dams to all other dams within their jurisdiction, overall enhancing the culture of dam safety in the country.
  • This project complements the provisions in the Dam Safety Bill 2019, by ensuring capacity building of the dam owners as well as the proposed regulators, as well as creating necessary protocols for dam safety.
  • It is likely to generate employment opportunities equivalent to approximately 10,00,000 person days for unskilled workers, and 2,50,000 person days for working professionals.

Jurisdiction

  • Water being a state subject, the state governments are the owners of the dams within their territories.
  • As such any dam safety related initiatives by the Central Government would necessarily have to involve the state governments also.
  • Keeping this in view, the matter was broached in the State Irrigation Ministers Conference held in 1975; In a follow up of its recommendation,
  • The objective of this DSO was to perform a advisory role for the State Governments and to lay down guidelines, compile technical literature, organize trainings, etc.
  • In general to take steps to create awareness in the states about dam safety and thereafter assist in setting up infrastructure for the same

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/iasbuzz/drip-project-explained/

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