International Telecommunication Union defines cyber security as a “Collection of tools, policies, security concepts, security safeguards, guidelines, risk management approaches, actions, training, best practices, assurance, and technologies that can be used to protect the cyber environment, including organizations’ and users’ assets.”
- Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation’s computers or information networks through for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. CYBER WAR
- It is a politically motivated hacking to conduct sabotage and espionage, If is a form of information warfare sometimes seen as analogous to conventional warfare. It is also considered as fifth domain of warfare after land, sea, air and space.
There have been growing threats of Cyber attacks, considering the fact that in the recent past, there has been a lot of speculation about state-funded cyber militias and espionage. Therefore
- Most governments are investing in cyber warfare activities (in defence and offense), given that any conflict in the twenty-first century will necessarily involve the use of information technology.
- any conflict, or international tension in the physical world, will have its counterpart effect in the Internet, and
- There are large economic incentives for crime in the Internet. CYBER WAR
If any Government leave these activities unchecked, threat to National Security through cyber war, cyber terrorism, and hacktivism will increase.
The Example of Cyber war fare (or cyber conflict) between the Nations, is the ongoing cyber tensions between the US and China.
In addition to this, there was extensively documented cyber attack launched by the U.S. and Israel aimed to substantially hurt Iran’s nuclear program in 2009. CYBER WAR
This operation was known as the Stuxnet computer worm, was deemed by NATO as “an act of force” and likely “illegal under international law”.