CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

Download

CWC MEETING AT WARDHA 1939

CWC MEETING AT WARDHA 1939

  • This was one of the crucial meeting where different opinions were voiced on the question of Indian support to British war efforts.

STANDS TAKEN BY VARIOUS LEADERS

  • Gandhi – Advocated unconditional support to allied powers as he made a clear distinction between democratic states of Western Europe and totalitarian Nazis.

SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE AND THE SOCIALISTS‑

  • According to them, since both sides were fighting for gaining or defending colonial territories, hence the war was based on Imperialism. Therefore they were strictly against supporting either of the two sides.
  • Infact, they talked of taking advantage of the situation or the circumstances by immediately starting civil disobedience movement to wrest freedom.
  • Nehru – He made a sharp distinction between democracy and fascism. He believed that war was the result of inner contradictions of capitalism maturing since end of World War 1.
  • Hence, he advocated that Indians will not participate till India itself was free.                              CWC MEETING AT WARDHA 1939

RESOLUTION OF CWC –

  1. India could not be party to the war being fought ostensibly for democratic freedom, while that freedom was being denied to India.
  2. If Britain was fighting for democracy and freedom, it should prove it by ending Imperialism in its colonies and granting them democracy.
  3. The government should declare its war aims soon, and also, as to how the principles of democracy were to be applied to India.

Response given by the government

The government responded negatively. Linlithgow in his statement (in October 1939) tried to use Muslim league and princes against the congress.

The government took following steps —

  1. It refused to define the British war aims beyond stating that the British were stating aggression.                    CWC MEETING AT WARDHA 1939
  2. It said that it would consider modifying the act of 1935 by consulting several communities, Indian princes and several parties.

Government’s hidden agenda was to take advantage of the war to regain the lost ground from the Congress by provoking it to have a confrontation with the government and then using the extraordinary situation to acquire draconian powers.                                                    CWC MEETING AT WARDHA 1939

ON OCTOBER 23rd, 1939, THE CWC MEETING TOOK A RESOLUTION WHICH —

  1. Rejected the Viceregal statement as a reiteration of the old imperialist policy
  2. Proclaimed that congress was not in support of war
  3. Called on the Congress governments in provinces to quit.                                          CWC MEETING AT WARDHA 1939

However, in January 1940, Linlithgow said  —  “Dominion status of Westminster variety, after the war, is the goal of British policy in India”.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/muslim-league-support-to-congress-in-1920/

Modern History

close-link

Send this to a friend