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CURRENT AFFAIRS 29 April 2018 Summum bonum EXPLAINED

By : brainykey   April 29, 2018

CURRENT AFFAIRS 29 April 2018 Summum bonum EXPLAINED

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By ‘summum bonum’ (the highest good), Kant means that one should do what is moral, i.e. one’s duty because we know what is morally right or wrong instinctively. summum bonum .If we take our ethical nature seriously, we can see that it is what we should aim to achieve. Kant then goes on to argue that a good will, i.e. a person with the right moral intentions, will always seek to bring about the ‘summum bonum’, or the perfect state of affairs. In Kant’s own words, ‘the perfect accordance of the mind with the moral law is the supreme condition of the “summum bonum”.’ (Kant, Critique of Pure Reason) It is worth noting that at this point, Kant argues that ‘ought implies can’. summum bonum Because we know that we ought to aim for the ‘summum bonum’ as it is our duty, it follows that it must be achievable. What we cannot achieve is not our duty. For example, if we see someone drowning, it is not our duty to do so if we cannot swim even though saving someone else is a moral action. In this situation our duty would be to find someone who can swim. The idea underpinning this belief is that human are autonomous. After all, as Kant himself argues, an action can only be said to be moral or immoral if it is done out of free will.summum bonum

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