About Us  :  Online Enquiry




  • G.S. Paper 2


Why in news?

  • The government will link additional 200 wholesale mandis to the online trading platform eNAMthis fiscal.


  • National Agriculture Market (NAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
  • The NAM Portal provides a single window service for all APMC related information and services such as:
    • Commodity arrivals & prices
    • Buy & sell trade offers
    • Provision to respond to trade offers, etc.
  • While material flow (agriculture produce) continue to happen through mandis, an online market reduces transaction costs and information asymmetry.
  • M/s. Nagarjuna Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd. is the Strategic Partner (SP) who is responsible for development, operation and maintenance of the platform.
  • The broad role of the Strategic Partner is comprehensive and includes writing of the software, customizing it to meet the specific requirements of the mandis in the States willing to integrate with NAM and running the platform.

Objectives of e-NAM:

  • A national e-market platform for transparent sale transactions and price discovery initially in regulated markets.
  • Willing States to accordingly enact suitable provisions in their APMC Act for promotion of e-trading by their State Agricultural Marketing Board/APMC.
  • Liberal licensing of traders / buyers and commission agents by State authorities without any pre-condition of physical presence or possession of shop /premises in the market yard.
  • One license for a trader valid across all markets in the State.
  • Harmonisation of quality standards of agricultural produce and provision for assaying (quality testing) infrastructure in every market to enable informed bidding by buyers.
  • Common tradable parameters have so far been developed for 69 commodities.
  • Single point levy of market fees, i.e on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
  • Provision of Soil Testing Laboratories in/ or near the selected mandi to facilitate visiting farmers to access this facility in the mandi itself.

Channapatna toys



  • G.S. Paper 1

Why in news?

  • The ‘Toy Land’ of Channapatna is 60 km away from Bengaluru on way to Mysuru, is witnessing one of the fiercest electoral battles in the state.

Channapatna toys:

  • Channapatna toysare a particular form of wooden toys (and dolls) that are manufactured in the town of Channapatna in the Ramanagara district of Karnataka state, India.
  • This traditional craft is protected as a geographical indication (GI) since 2006 under the World Trade Organization, administered by the Government of Karnataka.
  • As a result of the popularity of these toys, Channapatna is known as Gombegala Ooru(toy-town) of Karnataka.
  • The craft has diversified over time; in addition to the traditional ivory-wood, other woods—including rubber, sycamore, cedar, pine and teak—are now used as well.
  • Manufacturing stages include procuring the wood, seasoning the wood, cutting the wood into the desired shapes, pruning and carving the toys, applying the colours and finally polishing the finished product.
  • Vegetable dyes are used in the colouring process to ensure that the toys and dolls are safe for use by children.

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