CURRENT AFFAIRS 28 May 2018 National nutrition mission
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The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.
It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme.All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.
Implementation strategy would be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Planright upto the grass root level.
NNM will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).
The NNM, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions across the Ministries.
The proposal consists of
mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
introducing a very robust convergence mechanism
ICT based Real Time Monitoring system
incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets
incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools
eliminating registers used by AWWs
introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others.
An amount of 9046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18.
This will be funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD or other MDB. Government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without legislature.
Total Government of India share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 crore.