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CURRENT AFFAIRS 28 May 2018 National nutrition mission

Link to the class:

“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJ9Qpns52Nc”

Aim:

  • The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.
  • It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
  • More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme.All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.
  • Implementation strategy would be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Planright upto the grass root level.
  • NNM will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
  • Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).

Features:

  • The NNM, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions across the Ministries.
  • The proposal consists of
  • mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
  • introducing a very robust convergence mechanism
  • ICT based Real Time Monitoring system
  • incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets
  • incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools
  • eliminating registers used by AWWs
  • introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
  • Social Audits
  • setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others.

Finances:

  • An amount of 9046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18.
  • This will be funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD or other MDB. Government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without legislature.
  • Total Government of India share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 crore.
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