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Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP)



  • G.S. Paper 2

Why in news?

  • The Union Government has recently revised the cost and deadline of World Bank funded Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP).

Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP):

  • The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) of the Union Government has revised cost and deadline of World Bank funded Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP) to Rs.3466 Crore till June 2020.
  • Presently, India ranks third globally with 5254 large dams in operation and about 447 are under construction.
  • In addition, there are several thousand smaller dams.
  • These dams are vital for ensuring the water security of the Country and these also constitute a major responsibility in terms of asset management and safety.
  • In April 2012, the Central Water Commission (CWC) under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation with assistance from the World Bank started the six year Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP).
  • The initial project was at an estimated cost of Rs. 2100 crore.
  • The project originally envisaged the rehabilitation and improvement of about 223 dams within four states namely, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Later Karnataka, Uttarakhand (UNVNL) and Jharkhand (DVC) joined DRIP and total number of dams covered under DRIP increased to 250.
  • Due to the addition / deletion of dams during implementation by partner agencies, presently 223 dams are being rehabilitated.
  • The project will also promote new technologies and improve Institutional capacities for dam safety evaluation and implementation at the Central and State levels.
  • The DRIP has been given additional extension of two years with revised official closure now June 2020.
  • Also the DRIP cost has increased due to various reasons and it is under revision.

Operation Nistaar



  • G.S. Paper 2,3

Why in news?

  • Indian Navy has brought back 38 Indians from cyclone-hit Socotra Island under operation Nistaar.

Operation Nistaar:

  • The cyclone Mekunu had badly hit various parts of Oman and the Socotra island.
  • The Indians were stranded in Socotra island after a cyclone hit the area and INS had evacuated them in an operation christened “Nistar”.
  • Thirty-eight Indians were brought back home by the Indian Navy four days after they were rescued from the cyclone-hit Socotra island in Yemen.
  • Indian naval ship INS Sunayna, carrying the rescued Indians, landed at the Porbandar harbour in Gujarat.

Socotra Island:

  • Socotra is located between the Guardafui Channeland the Arabian Sea.
  • It is the largest of four islands of the Socotra archipelago.
  • The territory is located near major shipping routes and is officially part of Yemen, and had long been a subdivision of the Aden Governorate.
  • There is a dispute between Yemen and Somalia’s government over the island’s sovereignty.
  • The island of Socotra constitutes around 95% of the landmass of the Socotra archipelago.
  • It lies some 240 kilometres (150 mi) east off the coast of Cape Guardafuiand 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • The island is very isolated, home to a high number of endemic species; up to a third of its plant lifeis endemic.
  • It has been described as “the most alien-looking place on Earth.”
  • The island measures 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width.

Indian Pharmacopeia Commission



  • G.S. Paper 3

Why in news?

  • The Indian PharmacopoeiaCommission has approved modern, animal-free tests for drug manufacturers.


  • The Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) is an Autonomous Institution of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
  • IPC is created to set standards of drugs in the country.
  • Its basic function is to update regularly the standards of drugs commonly required for treatment of diseases prevailing in this region.
  • It publishes official documents for improving Quality of Medicines by way of adding new and updating existing monographs in the form of Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP) which has been modelled over and historically follows from the British Pharmacopoeia.
  • It further promotes rational use of generic medicines by publishing National Formulary of India.
  • IP prescribes standards for identity, purity and strength of drugs essentially required from health care perspective of human beings and animals.
  • IP contains a collection of authoritative procedures of analysis and specifications for Drugs.
  • The IP, or any part of it, has got legal status under the Second Schedule of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules 1945 there under.


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