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Nikkei Asia Prize

Relevancy

  • G.S. Paper 2,3

Why in news?

  • Indian social worker, Dr Bindeshwar Pathak, was honoured with this year’s prestigious “Nikkei Asia Prize for Culture and Community”.

Nikkei Asia Prize:

  • The Nikkei Asia Prizewas launched in 1996 and the program honors people and organisations in Asia who have made significant contributions in one of the three areas:
    • Regional growth:
    • The category for regional growth (Economic and Business Innovation) is designed to recognize business and economic initiatives that improve living standards and stability in their regions.
    • This could be entrepreneurs who have successfully developed industries and businesses due to innovation.
    • Science, technology and innovation: The category for science, technology and environment was established to recognize scientific researches and technological innovations in various fields.
    • Culture: The category for Culture is designed to recognize people who have made a difference in their countries and Asia through cultural, artistic or educational activities.
  • The awards were created and presented by Nikkei Inc, one of the largest media corporations in Japan.
  • Former Prime Minister of India Dr Manmohan Singh and Infosys Chairman Narayan Murthy are among few Indians who have won this award in the past.

Nikkei Asia Prize 2018 winners:

  • Indian, Dr Bindeshwar Pathak was presented the award under the category ‘culture and community’.
  • Dr Pathak invented the two-pit pour-flush ecological compost toilets that has helped provide low-cost environment friendly toilets to millions of people in the developing world.
  • He had founded Sulabh International in 1970.
  • It is an NGO that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation among other social services.
  • It has also ensured the safety of rural women and freedom from manual labour of removing human waste.
  • The other two winners of the award are:
    • Ma Jun (Economic and Business Innovation): a Chinese environmentalist for using the power of the internet to promote cleaner industry
    • Professor Nguyen Thanh Liem (Science and Technology): a Vietnamese doctor for bringing cutting-edge medicine for children.

Dam Safety Bill, 2018

Relevancy

  • G.S. Paper 2

Why in news?

  • The Union Cabinet has recently approved a proposal for enacting the Dam Safety Bill 2018.

Dam Safety Bill, 2018:

  • A legislation on dam safety which will empower authorities to take regulatory action and lay down safety standards for existing and new dams in the country.
  • The proposed law lays the onus of dam safety on the dam owner and includes ‘penal provisions’.
  • It will help all states and Union Territories adopt uniform dam safety procedures.
  • It will ensure safety of dams and help in safeguarding human life, livestock and property.
  • The bill provides for mandatory surveillance, emergency action plan, comprehensive dam safety review, inspection and operation & maintenance of all dams in the country to ensure their safe functioning.
  • It also provides for setting up a national committee on dam safety which will recommend necessary regulation.
  • Also it proposes setting up a National Dam Safety Authority as a central regulatory body which will implement policy, guidelines and standards for dam safety across the country.
  • Earlier the Centre initiated the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP-I) in 2012 for strengthening dam safety and operational performance through comprehensive repair and rehabilitation work.
  • It will continue till June 2020.

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