Warli is a tribal art form that was mostly created by the Adivasis of the Western Ghats.
It is one of the oldest art forms in India.
It originated in Maharashtra and is still practiced.
This tribal art form is thought to date back to the 10th century A.D. Although, the style of Warli painting was not recognised until the 1970s.
The Warli tribe, which does these paintings, is one of India’s largest tribes located on the outskirts of Mumbai.
Their culture basis itself around the concept of Mother Nature therefore, elements of nature serve as focal points for Warli paintings.
These artists used to use the clay walls of their huts as a canvas for their paintings.
The Warli artists use only a white paste made out of rice paste and water.
They use glue as a binder.
Artists use a bamboo stick which is chewed at the end to give it a paintbrush like texture.
In ritual Warli paintings, walls are painted only to celebrate special occasions like harvest or weddings.
Most of these paintings use a set of geometric shapes like circle, triangle and square.
This comes from the tribe’s observation of nature.
The circle represents the sun and the moon, while the triangle represents the mountains and pointed trees.
The square on the other hand is a human invention, indicating a sacred piece of land or enclosure.
In a ritualistic Warli painting, the central motif would be the square with a depiction of ‘Palaghata’, the mother goddess symbolising fertility.
This central motif would be surrounded by scenes of hunting, farming, fishing, trees and animals.
Festivals and dances are also common scenes found in a ritual painting.
Apart from ritual paintings, Warli paintings also cover day-to-day activities of the village people.
Most Warli paintings also depict the tarpa dance.
Tarpa is a trumpet like instrument played by the village men.
Tarpa dance then happens when women and men hold hands together and form a circle around the tarpa player
Since the 1970s Warli paintings have moved from clay huts and walls to paper and canvas.
Jivya Soma Mashe is known as the father of modern Warli painting as he transformed the art form.
Warli painting is now registered with a georgraphical indication under the Intellectual Property Rights Act by the tribal non-profit organization Adivasi Yuva Seva Sangh.
There are also efforts in progress to strengthen the sustainable economy of the Warli with social entrepreneurship.
Kashmir Super 50
G.S. Paper 2
Why in news?
A group of 30 students, part of Kashmir Super 50 visited New Delhi and interacted with General Bipin Rawat, Chief of the Army Staff.
Kashmir Super 50:
Project Kashmir Super 50 is a joint initiative by Indian Army, Center for Social Responsibility and Leadership (CSRL) and PETRONET LNG Limited (PLL).
It was launched on 22 March 2013 to transform the educational status of children from economically weaker sections in the Kashmir region.
As part of the 11-month program, selected students are provided with complete free residential coaching for IIT-JEE, JKCET and other premier Engineering Institutes.
Outgoing 2018 batch is the fifth batch of Kashmir Super 50 which had 45 boys based in Srinagar and five girl students based in Noida.
Out of which this year, 32 students (30 boys and 02 girls) have cleared IIT-JEE Mains and seven students have cleared IIT-JEE Advance.
Kashmir Super 50 has been one of the most successful projects undertaken by the Indian Army in the valley.
It has directly impacted the lives of number of youths in J&K by providing them the right guidance and opportunity to make a career for themselves.
The project has equally helped the families of these youths in their growth and prosperity.
It is a major initiative towards bringing normalcy in the valley.
On similar lines of Kashmir Super 50 for engineering aspirants, Indian Army has recently signed a MoU for medical aspirants with Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) & National Integrity Educational Development Organisation (NIEDO), under which selected students will be provided with complete free residential coaching for National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET).