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Warli Art


  • GS. Paper 1

Why in news?

  • Important article on Warli Art in the Hindu.

Warli art:

  • Warli is a tribal art form that was mostly created by the Adivasis of the Western Ghats.
  • It is one of the oldest art forms in India.
  • It originated in Maharashtra and is still practiced.
  • This tribal art form is thought to date back to the 10th century A.D. Although, the style of Warli painting was not recognised until the 1970s.
  • The Warli tribe, which does these paintings, is one of India’s largest tribes located on the outskirts of Mumbai.
  • Their culture basis itself around the concept of Mother Nature therefore, elements of nature serve as focal points for Warli paintings.
  • These artists used to use the clay walls of their huts as a canvas for their paintings.
  • The Warli artists use only a white paste made out of rice paste and water.
  • They use glue as a binder.
  • Artists use a bamboo stick which is chewed at the end to give it a paintbrush like texture.
  • In ritual Warli paintings, walls are painted only to celebrate special occasions like harvest or weddings.
  • Most of these paintings use a set of geometric shapes like circle, triangle and square.
  • This comes from the tribe’s observation of nature.
  • The circle represents the sun and the moon, while the triangle represents the mountains and pointed trees.
  • The square on the other hand is a human invention, indicating a sacred piece of land or enclosure.
  • In a ritualistic Warli painting, the central motif would be the square with a depiction of ‘Palaghata’, the mother goddess symbolising fertility.
  • This central motif would be surrounded by scenes of hunting, farming, fishing, trees and animals.
  • Festivals and dances are also common scenes found in a ritual painting.
  • Apart from ritual paintings, Warli paintings also cover day-to-day activities of the village people.
  • Most Warli paintings also depict the tarpa dance.
  • Tarpa is a trumpet like instrument played by the village men.
  • Tarpa dance then happens when women and men hold hands together and form a circle around the tarpa player
  • Since the 1970s Warli paintings have moved from clay huts and walls to paper and canvas.
  • Jivya Soma Mashe is known as the father of modern Warli painting as he transformed the art form.
  • Warli painting is now registered with a georgraphical indication under the Intellectual Property Rights Act by the tribal non-profit organization Adivasi Yuva Seva Sangh.
  • There are also efforts in progress to strengthen the sustainable economy of the Warli with social entrepreneurship.

Kashmir Super 50



  • G.S. Paper 2

Why in news?

  • A group of 30 students, part of Kashmir Super 50 visited New Delhi and interacted with General Bipin Rawat, Chief of the Army Staff.

Kashmir Super 50:

  • Project Kashmir Super 50 is a joint initiative by Indian Army, Center for Social Responsibility and Leadership (CSRL) and PETRONET LNG Limited (PLL).
  • It was launched on 22 March 2013 to transform the educational status of children from economically weaker sections in the Kashmir region.
  • As part of the 11-month program, selected students are provided with complete free residential coaching for IIT-JEE, JKCET and other premier Engineering Institutes.
  • Outgoing 2018 batch is the fifth batch of Kashmir Super 50 which had 45 boys based in Srinagar and five girl students based in Noida.
  • Out of which this year, 32 students (30 boys and 02 girls) have cleared IIT-JEE Mains and seven students have cleared IIT-JEE Advance.
  • Kashmir Super 50 has been one of the most successful projects undertaken by the Indian Army in the valley.
  • It has directly impacted the lives of number of youths in J&K by providing them the right guidance and opportunity to make a career for themselves.
  • The project has equally helped the families of these youths in their growth and prosperity.
  • It is a major initiative towards bringing normalcy in the valley.
  • On similar lines of Kashmir Super 50 for engineering aspirants, Indian Army has recently signed a MoU for medical aspirants with Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) & National Integrity Educational Development Organisation (NIEDO), under which selected students will be provided with complete free residential coaching for National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET).

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