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Cyclone Sagar


  • G.S. Paper 1,3

Why in news?

  • An advisory was issued to Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and the Lakshadweep over cyclonic storm ‘Sagar’ by IMD.


Cyclone SAGAR:

  • The India Meteorological Department recently issued an advisory to the following over cyclonic storm ‘Sagar’.
    • Tamil Nadu
    • Kerala
    • Karnataka
    • Goa
    • Maharashtra
    • Lakshadweep archipelago


  • This cyclonic storm lay centered over the Gulf of Aden, about 390 km east-northeast of Yemen’s Aden city and 560 km west-northwest of Socotra Islands.
  • Fishermen were advised not to venture into Gulf of Aden and adjoining areas of west central and southwest Arabian Sea during the next 48 hours.
  • Sagar is the name given by India, which is part of cyclone name list for the Northern Indian Ocean.

Model Agriculture Produce And Livestock Contract Farming And Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018



  • G.S. Paper 2


Why in news?

  • The Union Agriculture Ministry has released Model Agriculture Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018

Model Agriculture Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018:

  • The Act lays special emphasis on protecting the interests of the farmers, considering them as weaker of the two parties entering into a contract.
  • In addition to contract farming, services contracts all along the value chain including pre-production, production and post-production have been included.
  • It is a promotional and facilitative Act and not regulatory in its structure


Features of the Act:

  • “Registering and Agreement Recording Committee” or an “Officer” for the purpose at district/block/ taluka level for online registration of sponsor and recording of agreement has been provided.
  • Contracted produce is to be covered under crop / livestock insurance in operation.
  • Contract framing to be outside the ambit of APMC Act.
  • No permanent structure can be developed on farmers’ land/premises
  • No right, title of interest of the land shall vest in the sponsor.
  • Farmer Producer Organization (FPOs) / Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs) to mobilize small and marginal farmers.
  • FPO/FPC can be a contracting party if so authorized by the farmers.
  • No rights, title ownership or possession to be transferred or alienated or vested in the contract farming sponsor etc.
  • Ensuring buying of entire pre-agreed quantity of one or more of agricultural produce, livestock or its product of contract farming producer as per contract.
  • Contract Farming Facilitation Group (CFFG) for promoting contract farming and services at village / panchayat at level provided.
  • Accessible and simple dispute settlement mechanism at the lowest level possible provided for quick disposal of disputes.


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