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  • G.S. Paper 2


Why in news?

  • Sikkim has got its first airport– Pakyong Airport which is considered as an engineering marvel.

Pakyong airport:

  • Pakyong Airport is a Greenfield airport near Gangtok, the state capital of Sikkim, India.
  • The airport, spread over 400 ha (990 acres), is located at Pakyong village about 35km (21.75 mi) south of Gangtok.
  • It is the first Greenfield airport to be constructed in the Northeastern Region of India.
  • As on date, Sikkim was the only state in India to not have an airport.
  • The new Pakyong Airport in Sikkim is an engineering marvel as it is built at a height of 4,500 feet on inhospitable terrain.
  • This is the first ever airport to be built in the state.
  • Sikkim is yet to get connected by Indian Railways.
  • The Pakyong Airport is about 60 kms away from the Indo China border.
  • It has received aerodrome license from Directorate General of Civil Aviation for commercial operations.
  • It is now the 100th operational airport in the country and is built as a part of the regional connectivity scheme UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik).
  • As a part of this scheme, 25 airports have been added in the past few years.
  • The Indian Air Force has already landed its Dornier 228 aircraft at the new Pakyong airport and will be able to land other types of aircraft as well.
  • The new airport will also prove to be a boon to tourists to Sikkim.

INS Sumedha


  • G.S. Paper 2,3

Why in news?

  • Indian Navy Ship Sumedha has been deployed in Maldives to carry out surveillance of the exclusive economic zone as a joint mission.

INS Sumedha:

  • INS Sumedha(P58) is the third Saryu class patrol vessel of the Indian Navy.
  • It is designed and constructed indigenously by the Goa Shipyard Limited.
  • It is designed to undertake:
    • Fleet support operations
    • Coastal and offshore patrolling
    • Ocean surveillance
    • Monitoring of sea lines of communications
    • Offshore assets and escort duties
  • The vessel will undertake joint EEZ surveillance of Maldives as part of Indian navy’s ‘Mission based deployments’.
  • The ship would undertake an operational turnaround (OTR) and Male where ship would interact and impart training to Maldives’ National Defence Forces (MNDF) personnel.
  • INS Sumedha would also embark MNDF personnel onboard and undertake joint EEZ surveillance of Maldives.

The MNDF personnel would disembark at Male, on completion of the EEZ surveillance.

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