- In March 1942, a mission headed by Stafford Cripps was sent to India with constitutional proposals to seek Indian support for the war.
- Stafford Cripps was a left-wing Labourite, the leader of the House of Commons and a member of the British War Cabinet who had actively supported the Indian national movement.
WHY CRIPPS MISSION WAS SENT
- Because of the reverses suffered by Britain in South-East Asia, the Japanese threat to invade India seemed real now and Indian support became crucial.
- There was pressure on Britain from the Allies (USA, USSR, and China) to seek Indian cooperation. CRIPPS MISSION
- Indian nationalists had agreed to support the Allied cause if substantial power was transferred immediately and complete independence given after the war.
THE MAIN PROPOSALS OF THE MISSION WERE AS FOLLOWS:
- An Indian Union with a dominion status; would be set up; it would be free to decide its relations with the Commonwealth and free to participate in the United Nations and other international bodies.
- After the end of the war, a constituent assembly would be convened to frame a new constitution. Members of this assembly would be partly elected by the provincial assemblies through proportional representation and partly nominated by the princes. CRIPPS MISSION
- The British Government would accept the new constitution subject to two conditions.
- Any province not willing to join the Union could have a separate constitution and form a separate Union
- The new constitution- making body and the British Government would negotiate a treaty to affect the transfer of power and to safeguard racial and religious minorities.
- In the meantime, defence of India would remain in British hands and the Governor-General’s powers would remain intact.