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CORRUPTION & ITS MENACE IN PUBLIC LIFE

CORRUPTION & ITS MENACE IN PUBLIC LIFE

INTRODUCTION 

  • Corruption is an abuse of public resources or position in public life for private gain.
  • The scope for corruption increases when control on the public administrators is fragile and the division of power between political, executive and bureaucracy is ambiguous.
  • Political corruption which is sometimes inseparable from bureaucratic corruption tends to be more widespread in authoritarian regimes where the public opinion and the Press are unable to denounce corruption.

MENACE OF CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC LIFE

  • Corruption is an abuse of public resources or position in public life for private gain. The scope for corruption increases when control on the public administrators is fragile and the division of power between political, executive and bureaucracy is ambiguous.
  • Political corruption which is sometimes inseparable from bureaucratic corruption tends to be more widespread in authoritarian regimes where the public opinion and the Press are unable to denounce corruption.
  • The paradox of India, however, is that in spite of a vigilant press and public opinion, the level of corruption is exceptionally high.
  • This may be attributed to the utter insensitivity, lack of shame and the absence of any sense of public morality among the bribe-takers. Indeed, they wear their badge of corruption and shamelessness with equal élan and brazenness.
  • The increase of opportunities in State intervention in economic and social life has vastly increased the opportunity for political and bureaucratic corruption, more particularly since politics has also become professionalized.
  • We have professional politicians who are politicians on a full time basis, even when out of office. Corruption today poses a danger not only to the quality of governance but is threatening the very foundations of our society and the State.
  • Corruption in defence purchases, in other purchases and contracts tend to undermine the very security of the State. Some of the power contracts are casting such financial burden upon some of the States that the very financial viability of those States has fallen into doubt.
  • There seems to be a nexus between terrorism, drugs, smuggling, and politicians, a fact which was emphasized in the Vohra Committee Report.
  • Corruption has flourished because one does not see adequately successful examples of effectively prosecuted cases of corruption.
  • Cases, poorly founded upon, half-hearted and incomplete investigation, followed by a tardy and delayed trial confluence a morally ill-deserved but a legally inevitable acquittal. The acceptance of corruption as an inexorable reality has led to silent reconciliation and resignation to such wrongs.
  • There needs to be a vital stimulation in the social consciousness of our citizens — that it neither has a place in the personal nor social sphere.
  • It is true that the present process of withdrawing the State from various sectors in which it should have never entered or in which it is not capable of performing efficiently may reduce the chances of corruption to some extent but even if we migrate to a free market economy, there has to be regulation of economy as distinct from restrictions upon the industrial activity.
  • The requirements of governance would yet call for entering into contracts, purchases and so on.

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ETHICS LECTURES

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