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Contribution of Administration Thinkers.

Here we are giving the Significant Works and Ideas of Administrative Thinkers which will help the candidates.

Public Administration Thinkers | Administrative Thinkers

Name Who Important Concepts
Abraham Maslow
1908-1970
American Psychologist and Motivation Theorist
  • Hierarchy of needs
  • Self-actualisation
  • Peak experiences
Chester, I. Barnard

1886-1961

American Executive and Management Thinker
  • Acceptance theory of authority and “Zone of Indifference”
  • Functions of the executive
Chris Argyris American Behavioural Theorist and Management Writer
  • Maturity – Immaturity theory
  • T-Group Techniques
  • Single loop and Double loop learning
  • Organisational learning
Douglas McGregor
1906-1964
American Social Psychologist and Management Consultant
  • Theory “X” and Theory “Y”
  • Management education from cosmology to reality
  • Transactional influence
Dwight Waldo

1913-2000

American Political scientist and “Defining figure” in public Administration
  • Public administration as political approach
  • Professional orientation to public administration
  • New Public Administration
Fred W. Riggs
1917-2008
Political Scientist and Administrative Model Builder
  • Prismatic society
  • Sala model of administrative
  • Development as diffraction and integration
Frederick Herzberg
1923-2000
American Psychologist and Management Consultant
  • Hygiene – Motivation theory
  • Job loading
  • Job-enrichment
Frederick Winslow Taylor
1865-1915
Engineer, Inventor and Consultant
  • Principles of scientific management
  • Functional foremanship
George Elton Mayo
1880-1949
Australian social Psychologist
  • Human relations approach to organizations
  • Hawthorne effect
  • Role of informal organizations and groups in affecting the behaviour of individuals at work
Henri Fayol
1841 – 1925
French Administrative Theorist
  • Principles of management
  • General theory of management
  • Gang plank jumping
Herbert A. Simon
1908-1970
American Psychologist and motivation Theorist
  • Administration as decision-making
  • Bounded rationality
  • Zone of acceptance
Karl Marx
1818-1883
German Revolutionary Philosopher and Political Economist
  • Bureaucracy as an exploitative class instrument
  • Materialistic interpretation of history
  • Alienation of bureaucracy
Kautilya
350 – 283 B.C.
Adviser to King Chandragupta Maurya and Ancient Indian Philosopher
  • Monarchy as the best form of government
    Absolute powers to King
  • Saptanga theory of elements of state
  • Principles of public administration
Luther Gulick
1892-1993
American Expert on Public Administration
  • Structure-based ideologies of organization
  • POSDCORB as functions of executive
Mary Parker Follett
1868-1933
American Political Scientist, Social Worker and Management Consultant
  • Constructive conflict
  • Integration
  • Depersonalizing orders
Max Weber
1864 – 1920
German Sociologist and Political Scientist
  • Form of authority
  • Legal-rational bureaucracy
  • Protestant ethic
Peter Drucker
1909-2005
American Management Thinker, Professor and Consultant
  • Management by objectives
  • Restructuring Government or New Public Management
  • Knowledge society and knowledge workers
Rensis Likert
1903 – 1981
American Organisational Psychologist and Educator
  • Management systems
  • Linking pin model
Woodrow Wilson
1856-1924
Former President of America and Political Scientist
  • Significance of study of administration as science
  • Politics – administration dichotomy
  • Public administration as ‘Government in action’
Yehezkel Dror Israeli Political Scientist and Pioneer in policy studies
  • Societal direction system as a mega-knowledge system
    “Optimal Model” of policy making
  • Paradigms of policy science

Public Administration by G.Rajput

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