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Constitution of India

INTRODUCTION TO CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

  • The constitution of a country is a document that comprises a set of written rules accepted by everyone living together in that country.
  • The Constitution of a country is the supreme law of the land and it determines the relationship among people living in that country and also regulates the government and its policies towards its citizens.

Role of Constitution of India

  • A constitution serves a lot of purpose; its major roles are as follows:
    • It describes rules and regulations that generate a degree of trust and coordination among the people of different strata of a society who live together;
    • It provides a framework within which the government and other institutions work in the country;
    • It lays down the procedure as to how the government will be constituted and the manner in which decisions are taken;
    • It defines the powers, duties, and limits of the respective government.
    • It also tells the rights of the citizens and defines the rule of law and a procedure to protect them.
  • All the democratic countries have their own constitutions. But having a full-fledged constitution in a country is not a guarantee for it to be truly democratic.
  • The Americans gave themselves a constitution after the War of Independence against the Great Britain in 1787.
  • Similarly, the French people approved a democratic constitution after the Revolution, i.e., first in 1791 and recently in 1958. Since then, it has become a practice in all democracies to have a written constitution.
  • A compilation of basic rules is called a constitution, and these rules are comprehensive that define:
    • the powers of the elected governments to do things;
    • the limitations for not to do certain things;
    • fundamental rights of the citizen; and
    • How the rulers are to be chosen in future.



MAKING OF THE CONSTITUTION

Constitution is the fundamental and supreme law of a country, which describes the method of formation of Government, nature of Government, its powers

Parliamentary form of government in India

Parliamentary System in India The democratic system of government can be divided into the parliamentary and the presidential system based on the relat

INDIAN JUDICIARY

Introduction Judiciary is an independent body that protects and ensures the ‘rule of law.’ Any other organs of the government including the execut

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Introduction Local government is the government of the village and district level. It is the government closest to the common people that involves in

UNION LEGISLATURE

Introduction The Union Legislature of India is not only the lawmaking body, but the center of all democratic political process. The Parliament is the

UNION EXECUTIVE

Introduction The organ of a government that primarily looks after the function of implementation and administration is known the Executive. The Execut

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

Under Part IV ‘A’, Article 51A of the Indian Constitution describes the following “Fundamental Duties” (i.e. the duty of every citizen of Indi

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS | Indian polity

Introduction The Constitution of India listed the rights to the citizens of India that would be specially protected and known as the ‘Fundamental Ri

CITIZENSHIP | Indian Constitution

  Articles 5 to 11 under Part II of the Constitution describe the citizenship. Article 5 states that at the commencement of this Constitution, ev

UNION & ITS TERRITORY

Articles 1 to 4 under Part I of the Constitution describe the Union and its Territory. Article 1 (1) states that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Uni

HOW THE CONSTITUTION WORKS

Introduction A constitution is a set of fundamental principles according to which a state is constituted or governed. The Constitution specifies the b

SOURCES of Indian Constitution

SOURCES OF CONSTITUTION   Introduction The Indian Constitution has been formed after ransacking all the major constitutions of the world; however, at

CONSTITUTION VALUES

GUIDING VALUES OF THE CONSTITUTION Introduction India is a Republic Nation and the President of India is the head of the nation. He/she is elected eve

CONSTITUTIONAL FEATURES

CONSTITUTIONAL FEATURES Key Features of Indian Constitution Following are the important features of the Indian Constitution: Indian Constitution is a

CONSTITUTION FORMATION OF INDIA EXPLAINED

CONSTITUTION FORMATION Historical Background In 1928, Motilal Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a constitution for India. In 1931, Indian

Constitution of India

INTRODUCTION TO CONSTITUTION OF INDIA The constitution of a country is a document that comprises a set of written rules accepted by everyone living to

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