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Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves of India

Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves of India

  • Conservation reserves and community reserves were created under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 as amended in 2003.

These reserves are created with the following two-fold objectives:

  • Legal backing to community-initiated efforts to protect flora and fauna.
  • Limited interference in activities of local communities so that their needs are met.

Conservation Reserves

  • These reserves are created over areas owned by the state government and areas adjacent to national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
  • The state government declares an area as a conservation reserve after the consultation with local communities.
  • Conservation Reserve Management Committee is constituted with the representation of state government and local communities for administration of conservation reserves.

Community Reserves

  • Community reserves are also created by the state government on community land or private land.
  • These reserves can be created by the state government, provided that the members of a community offer their land to be declared as a protected area.
  • Such a protected area would conserve flora, fauna as well as the customs and traditions of local communities.
  • The objective of declaring an area as a community reserve is to improve the socio-economic conditions of local community as well as to protect the wildlife.
  • A community reserve is managed through Community Reserve Management Committee with representatives of local community and the state government.

Sacred Grooves

  • Sacred grooves comprise of patches of forests from few trees to vast expanse of a forest which are usually dedicated to a local god or deity.
  • Sacred grooves are not legally protected, but are socially protected because of their religious and traditional importance.                Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves of India
  • The degree of protection accorded to these grooves is based on the belief of the local community Important sacred grooves in India are:
  1. Gumpa forests in Arunachal Pradesh.
  2. Similarly, some water bodies are also regarded sacred by people. E.g., Khecheopalri Lake in Sikkim.


Environment & Biodiversity

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