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Comparison between Swarajists and No-Changers

Comparison between Swarajists and No-Changers

ACHIEVEMENTS OF SWARAJISTS

  1. With coalition partners, they out-voted the Government several times, even on matters relating to budgetary grants, and passed adjournment motions.
  2. They agitated through powerful speeches on self- government, civil liberties and industrialisation.
  3. Vithalbhai Patel was elected speaker of Central Legislative Assembly in 1925.
  4. A noteworthy achievement was the defeat of the Public Safety Bill in 1928 which was aimed at empowering the Government to deport undesirable and subversive foreigners (because the Government was alarmed by the spread of socialist and communist ideas and believed that a crucial role was being played by the British and other foreign activists being sent by the Commenter).
  5. By their activities, they filled the political vacuum at a time when the national movement was recouping its strength.
  6. They exposed the hollowness of the Montford scheme.
  7. They demonstrated that the councils could be used creatively.

DRAWBACKS OF SWARAJISTS

  1. The Swarajists lacked a policy to coordinate their militancy inside legislatures with the mass struggle outside. They relied totally on newspaper reporting to communicate with the public.
  2. An obstructionist strategy had its limitations.
  3. They could not carry on with their coalition partners very far because of conflicting ideas, which further limited their effectiveness.
  4. They failed to resist the perks and privileges of power and office.                    Comparison between Swarajists and No-Changers
  5. They failed to support the peasants’ cause in Bengal and lost support among Muslim members who were pro- peasant.

POSITIVE WORK BY NO-CHANGERS

  1. Ashrams sprang up where young men and women worked among tribals and lower castes (especially in Kheda and Bardoli areas of Gujarat), and popularised charkha and khadi.
  2. National schools and colleges were set up where students were trained in a non-colonial ideological framework.
  3. Significant work was done for Hindu-Muslim unity, removing untouchability, boycott of foreign cloth and liquor, and for flood relief.
  4. The constructive workers served as the backbone of civil disobedience as active organisers.                  Comparison between Swarajists and No-Changers

DRAWBACKS OF NO-CHANGERS

  • National education benefited the urban lower middle classes and the rich peasants only. Enthusiasm for national education surfaced in the excitement of the movement only.
  • In passivity, the lure of degrees and jobs took the students to official schools and colleges.                              Comparison between Swarajists and No-Changers
  • Popularisation of khadi was an uphill task since it was costlier than the imported cloth.
  • While campaigning about the social aspect of untouchability, no emphasis was laid on the economic grievances of the landless and agricultural laborers’ comprising mostly the untouchables.
  • Although the Swarajists and the No-changers worked in their separate ways, they kept on best of terms with one another and were able to unite whenever the time was ripe for a new political struggle.                                                    Comparison between Swarajists and No-Changers

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Modern History

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