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Challenges to Good Governance

Challenges to Good Governance

  • Criminalization of Politics
    • According to the Association of Democratic Reforms, 43% of Members of Parliaments of Lok Sabha 2019 are facing criminal charges. It is a 26% increase as compared to 2014.
    • The criminalisation of the political process and the unholy nexus between politicians, civil servants, and business houses are having a baneful influence on public policy formulation and governance.
    • The political class as such is losing respect. Therefore, it is necessary to amend Section 8 of the Representation of the People’s Act 1951 to disqualify a person against whom the criminal charges that relate to grave and heinous offenses and corruption are pending.
  • Corruption
    • Corruption is a major obstacle in improving the quality of governance. While human greed is obviously a driver of corruption, it is the structural incentives and poor enforcement system to punish the corrupt that have contributed to the rising curve of graft in India.
    • According to the Corruption Perception Index – 2019 (released by Transparency International, India’s ranking has slipped from 78 to 80.          Challenges to Good Governance
  • Gender Disparity
    • According to Swami Vivekananda, “it is impossible to think about the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is impossible for a bird to fly on only one wing”.
    • One way to assess the state of the nation is to study the status of its women. As women comprise almost 50% of the population it is unfair that they are not adequately represented in government institutions and other allied sectors.
    • Therefore, in order to ensure good governance it is essential to ensure the empowerment of women.
  • Growing incidence of violence
    • Resorting to illegal force is considered to be a law and order problem. But when one looks at it from the point of view of the principles of Good Governance, it becomes clear that peace and order is the first step to development.                      Challenges to Good Governance
  • Delay in Justice
    • A citizen has the right to avail timely justice, but there are several factors, because of that a common man doesn’t get timely justice.              Challenges to Good Governance
  • Centralisation of Administrative System
    • Governments at lower levels can only function efficiently if they are empowered to do so. This is particularly relevant for the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), which currently suffer from inadequate devolution of funds as well as functionaries to carry out the functions constitutionally assigned to them.
  • Marginalization of Socially and Economically Backward People
    • The socially and economically backward sections of the society have always been marginalised in the process of development. Although there are constitutional provisions for their upliftment but in practice, they are lagging behind in so many areas like education, economic well being etc.

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Public Administration by G.Rajput

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