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Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) | POLITY

Introduction | Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) | POLITY 

  • The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is the main agency for preventing corruption in the Central government.
  • It was established in 1964 by an executive resolution of the Central government. Its establishment was recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962–64). Thus, originally the CVC was neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body.
  • Since 25 August 1998, CVC is a multi-member commission having a statutory status.
  • Central Vigilance Act came into effect in the year 2003 after CVC bill was passed by both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
  • First Chief Vigilance Commissioner of India was Nittoor Srinivasa Rau.
  • Since 2004, the commission receives complaints under Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informers’ Resolution” (PIDPI), also called Whistleblowers’ Resolution.


  • The CVC is a multi-member body consisting of a Central Vigilance Commissioner (chairperson) and not more than two vigilance commissioners.
  • They are appointed by the president by warrant under his hand and seal on the recommendation of a threemember committee consisting of the prime minister as its head, the Union minister of home affairs and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
  • They hold office for a term of four years or until they attain the age of sixty five years, whichever is earlier.
  • After their tenure, they are not eligible for further employment under the Central or a state government.

Organisation | Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) | POLITY 

  • The CVC has its own Secretariat, Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE) and a wing of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDIs).
  • Secretariat: The Secretariat consists of a Secretary, Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, Under Secretaries and office staff.
  • Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing: The Chief Technical Examiners’ Organisation constitutes the technical wing of the CVC. It consists of Chief Engineers (designated as Chief Technical Examiners) and supporting engineering staff.
  • The main functions assigned to this organisation are as follows:
    • Technical audit of construction works of Government organisations from a vigilance angle
    • Investigation of specific cases of complaints relating to construction works
    • Extension of assistance to CBI in their investigations involving technical matters and for evaluation of properties in Delhi
    • Tendering of advice / assistance to the CVC and Chief Vigilance Officers in vigilance cases involving technical matters
  • Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries: The CDIs function as Inquiry Officers to conduct oral inquiries in departmental proceedings initiated against public servants.

Functions of CVC

  • The CVC monitors all vigilance activity under the Central Government
  • It advises various authorities in Central Government organizations in planning, executing, reviewing and reforming their vigilance work.
  • The CVC recommends appropriate action on complaints on corruption or misuse of power.
  • Lokpal, Central Government or Whistle blowers can approach the CVC regarding complaints.
  • The CVC – Under Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – can inquire into offences reported against certain categories of Public Servants. (However, remember, CVC is NOT an Investigating agency).
  • The Annual Report of the CVC not only gives the details of the work done by it but also brings out the system failures which leads to corruption in various Departments/Organisations, system improvements, various preventive measures and cases in which the Commission’s advises were ignored etc.


The jurisdiction of the CVC extends to the following:

  • Members of All India Services serving in connection with the affairs of the Union and Group A officers of the Central Government.
  • Officers of the rank of Scale V and above in the Public Sector Banks.
  • Officers in Grade D and above in Reserve Bank of India, NABARD and SIDBI.
  • Chief Executives and Executives on the Board and other officers of E-8 and above in Schedule ‘A’ and ‘B’ Public Sector Undertakings.
  • Chief Executives and Executives on the Board and other officers of E-7 and above in Schedule ‘C’ and ‘D’ Public Sector Undertakings.
  • Managers and above in General Insurance Companies.
  • Senior Divisional Managers and above in Life Insurance Corporation.
  • Officers drawing salary of ₹8700/- per month (pre-revised) and above on Central Government D.A. pattern, as may be revised from time to time, in societies and local authorities owned or controlled by the Central Government.

The Whistleblowers Protection Act

  • The Act came on the heels of “The Public Interest Disclosure and Protection to Persons Making the Disclosure Bill, 2010” in the Lok Sabha on August 26, 2010. The Bill as passed by Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha in February 2014 and received the assent of the President in May 2014.
  • The act has provided mechanisms to secure the identity of public employees who expose corruption in government ministries and departments. It also aids the intention to expose corruption by public servants, including ministers.



Indian Polity

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