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Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

  • The Central Pollution Control Board   of India is a statutory organisation under MoEFCC.
  • It was established in 1974 under the Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1974.
  • The CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981.
  • The EPA closed the gaps in the Water and Air Acts, by adding some more functions to the CPCB.
  • The Board is led by its chairman, who is nominated by the Central Government.
  • The CPCB has its head office in New Delhi, with seven zonal offices and five laboratories.
  • The Board has approximately 500 full-time employees including engineers, scientists and environmental protection specialists.

Functions of the Board

  • It coordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them.
  • It is the apex organisation in the country in the field of pollution control, and a technical wing of MoEFCC providing technical inputs for the formation of national policies and programmes.
  • The Board conducts environmental assessments and research.                Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
  • It is responsible for maintaining national standards under a variety of environmental laws, in consultation with zonal offices, tribal and local governments.
  • It has responsibilities to conduct monitoring of water and air quality, and maintains monitoring data.
  • The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programmes and energy conservation efforts.
  • It advises the Central Government to prevent and control water and air pollution.                      Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
  • It also advises the governments of union territories on industrial and other sources of water and air pollution.
  • The CPCB along with its counterparts and the SPCBs are responsible for the implementation of legislation relating to prevention and control of environmental pollution.
  • The Board also plays a role in training and development of manpower and organising activities for promoting awareness at different levels of the government and the public.

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Environment & Biodiversity

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