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Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL), CBI

  • CFSL, CBI, New Delhi is a Scientific Institution under the administrative control of CBI and overall control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • CFSL undertakes the scientific analysis of crime exhibits referred by CBI, Delhi Police, Judiciary and Vigilance Departments of Ministries & Undertakings & State/Central Government Departments.
  • The experts of CFSL examine the exhibits forwarded by the Investigating Agencies and render expert opinion and substantiate their opinions in the Court of Law through court testimony and evidence.
  • Services of the scientific experts of this Laboratory are also utilized at the scene of crime throughout India by CBI for detection of physical clues.
  • Scientists/experts also impart training to the CBI Investigating Officers and to other trainees of Forensic Science. The laboratory also undertakes R & D work related to art & skill developments in forensic science.

Directorate of Forensic Science Services (DFSS)

  • The Directorate of Forensic Science (DFS) is now known as Directorate of Forensic Science Services (DFSS). It is the nodal agency for Central Forensic Science Laboratories (CFSLs) located at Kolkata, Hyderabad and Chandigarh entrusted with the task of assisting the Law Enforcement Agencies like Police, CBI, etc.
  • Judiciary not only in the examination of sensitive crime exhibits, scene of crime visits, training police/judicial officers and Research & Development work, but also tendering evidence in various Court of Law in respect of cases examined by its Experts.

Central Finger Print Bureau- CFPB

  • The CFPB is an apex body in the country which co-ordinates, guides, monitors and provides technical support to the State Finger Print Bureau, as well as investigating agencies and International organizations in matters relating to the Finger Print Science.
  • The Bureau provides expert opinion on references received from various agencies.


National Counter Terrorism Centre – NCTC

  • The National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) is a proposed federal anti-terror agency to be created in India modelled on the National Counterterrorism Centre of the USA.
  • The proposal arose after the 2008 Mumbai attacks aka 26/11 attacks where several intelligence and operational failures revealed the need for a federal agency with real time intelligence inputs of actionable value specifically to counter terrorist acts against India.
  • The proposal has however met with much criticism from the Chief Ministers of various states who see this as a means of weakening India’s federalism.

Mandate: Once approved,

  • The NCTC will derive its powers from the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967.
  • The NCTC will execute counter-terror operations and collect, collate and disseminate data on terrorism besides maintaining a data base on terrorists and their associates including their families.
  • The NCTC has been empowered to analyse intelligence shared by agencies like the Intelligence Bureau and select what it deems suitable.
  • It has also been granted powers to conduct searches and arrests in any part of India and will formulate responses to terror threats.

NATGRID- National Intelligence Grid

  • The Government has set up National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) as an attached office of the Ministry of Home Affairs with a mandate to link data bases for collecting actionable intelligence to combat terrorism and internal security threats.
  • NATGRID has been set up to create a facility that improves India’s capability to counter internal security threats.
  • NATGRID is conceived to be a framework which will leverage information technology to access, collate, analyse, co-relate, predict and provide speedy dissemination.

Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

  • The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body which sets standards, and develops and promotes policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
  • The legislative framework dealing with terrorist activities and money laundering for all countries is being continually reviewed by FATF.

Directorate Of Coordination, Police Wireless (DCPW)

  • Directorate of Coordination Police Wireless (DCPW) is a nodal agency for coordinating various Police Communication services in the country and it not only acts as a technical adviser to the Ministry of Home Affairs and State/Central Police Organisations in all Police Communication related matters but also operates the Inter-State Police Wireless Network through its offices at all State/UT capitals.
  • The Directorate also holds the responsibility of the Central Distributing Authority for Cipher documents/devices being used by State Police Radio Organization.


  • A satellite based all-India Police Telecommunication network namely POLNET has been established. The POLNET provides connectivity to all districts, State Hqrs. and the National Capital.
  • A Web mail server with integrated Database has been installed at POLNET Hub to provide E-mail facility to existing POLNET users. Disaster management Hub has also been set up under POLNET which is fully operational in association with ISRO.

National Security Council

  • The National Security Council (NSC) of India is the apex agency looking into the political, economic, energy and strategic security concerns of India.
  • It was established on 19 November 1998, with Brijesh Mishra as the first National Security Advisor.


  • Besides the NSA, the Ministers of Defence, External Affairs, Home, Finance of the Government of India, and the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission are members of the NSC.
  • Other members may be invited to attend its monthly meetings, as and when required.


  • The three-tiered organisation of the NSC comprises the Strategic Policy Group, the National Security Advisory Board and a Secretariat represented by the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC).

Strategic Policy Group:

  • The Strategic Policy Group is the first level of the three tier organization of the National Security Council. It forms the nucleus of the decision making apparatus of the NSC.
  • The Strategic Policy Group undertakes the Strategic Defence Review, a blueprint of short and long term security threats, as well as possible policy options on a priority basis.

Joint Intelligence Committee:

  • The Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) of the Government of India analyzes intelligence data from the Intelligence Bureau, R&AW and the Directorates of Military, Naval and Air Intelligence.
  • The JIC has its own Secretariat that works under the Cabinet Secretariat.

National Security Advisory Board: | CENTRAL FORENSIC INSTITUTIONS

  • The National Security Advisory Board consists of persons of eminence outside the Government with expertise in external security, strategic analysis, foreign affairs, defence, the armed forces, internal security, science and technology and economics.
  • The board meets at least once a month, and more frequently as required. It provides a long-term prognosis and analysis to the NSC, and recommends solutions and address policy issues referred to it.

National Security Advisor:

  • The National Security Advisor (NSA) of India is a member of the National Security Council (NSC), and the primary advisor to the Prime Minister, the Indian Cabinet and the NSC on internal and international security issues.
  • He is tasked with regularly advising the Prime Minister on all matters relating to internal and external threats to the country, and oversees strategic issues.
  • He receives all intelligence reports and co-ordinates them to present before the Prime Minister.CENTRAL FORENSIC INSTITUTIONS



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