CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
- CISF is a premier multi-skilled security agency of the country, mandated to provide security to major critical infrastructure installations of the country in diverse regions, including terrorist and naxal affected areas.
- Raised in the year 1969, CISF is providing security cover to 307 units including 59 domestic and international airports and fire protection cover to 86 Industrial Undertakings.
- CISF is also one of the largest Fire Protection Service providers in the country. It provides fire protection and fire safety coverage to 86 Public Sector Undertakings.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
- Initially raised as the ‘Crown Representative Police’ on 27th July, 1939 at Neemuch, Madhya Pradesh, the Force was rechristened as Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) after Independence.
- The CRPF has become the largest CAPF of the Country. The Central Reserve Police Force is an armed Force of the Union of India, with the basic role of striking reserve to assist the State/Union Territories in Police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.
- Its role is that of a catalyst in maintaining law & order, and returns to barracks once this objective is achieved. The force is also being used for various police duties in various States.
- It is All India in character, both in deployment and in its composition. Due to its unique capability to quickly adapt to various situational requirements, and also, to work in perfect harmony with the State Police, CRPF has, over the years, acquired the distinction of being perhaps the most acceptable Force, by the people and the State administrations.
- Crowd control,
- Riot control,
- Counter Militancy / Insurgency operations,
- Dealing with Left Wing Extremism,
- Overall co-ordination of large scale security arrangement specially with regard to elections in disturbed areas,
- Protection of VIPs and vital installations,
- Checking environmental degradation and protection of local Flora and Fauna,
- Fighting aggression during War time,
- Participating in UN Peace Keeping Mission,
- Rescue and Relief operations at the time of Natural Calamities.
Rapid Action Force
- It is a special anti-riot force which could reach the place of occurrence with the quickest possible speed and deal with communal riot or riot-like situation in an absolutely objective and non partisan manner. CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
- The RAF was raised by converting 10 existing CRPF Battalions.
- To rush to a place of communal incidents with ‘Zero response time’ and deal with such situations with the dexterity and expertise, to be especially acquired by the Force.
- To render succour to the innocent persons ravaged by riots. CoBRA Battalions
Battalions of Special Force trained and equipped for counter-insurgency and jungle warfare operations, named as Commando Battalions for Resolute Action (CoBRA) have been raised as a part of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). These Battalions have been deployed in the LWE affected States. In 2008, the Government approved raising of 10 Battalions of a specialized Force named CoBRA in the CRPF.
Border Security Force:
- The Border Security Force (BSF) is a Border Guarding Force of India. Established on December 1, 1965, it is charged with guarding India’s land border during peace time and preventing transnational crime.
- It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs. It is one of many law enforcement agencies of India. It currently stands as the world’s largest border guarding force.
Mandate and Activities:
SECURITY OF BORDER OF India and matters connected therewith. Tasks of BSF:
The tasks of the BSF are divided as follows:
- Promote a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.
- Prevent trans border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
- Prevent smuggling and any other illegal activity.
In the last few years the BSF has, in addition to their duties, been deployed for counter insurgency and internal security duties
- Holding ground in less threatened sectors.
- Protection of vital installations.
- Assistance in control of refugees.
- Anti-infiltration duties in specified areas. Border Fencing/ Flood Lighting/ Roads:
- The concept of border fencing, flood lighting and construction of roads has been introduced with the aim to stop infiltration/infiltration on the Western and Eastern borders.
ITBP (Him Veers)
- ITBP was raised with 4 Service Battalions in the wake of India-China conflict in 1962. It is deployed from the North-Western extremity of Indo-China border from Karakoram Pass to Jechap La covering 3,488 km. difficult mountainous terrains.
- The Force is deployed at altitudes ranging from 9000 ft. to 18,750 ft.
- Vigil on the northern borders, detection and prevention of border violations, and promotion of the sense of security among the local populace.
- Check illegal immigration, trans-border smuggling and crimes.
- Security to sentive installations, banks and protected persons.
- Restore and preserve order in any area in the event of disturbance.
- Disaster management in the Hilly areas of Himalayas
National Security Guard
- The National Security Guard (NSG) was set up in 1984 as a Federal Contingency Deployment Force for combating terrorist activities with a view to neutralize the serious threats posed by anti-National elements.
- A Bill for the creation of this organization was introduced in the Parliament in August, 1986 and after receiving the assent of the President of India on 22.09.1986, the NSG was formally raised as an Armed Force of the Union of India. CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
- NSG Commandos are trained in high-risk tasks like counter-hijacking and counter-terrorist operations. They are also assigned the task of providing mobile security protection to designated very high-risk VIPs.
- Since its inception, NSG has conducted numerous operations including the operation at Akshardham Temple, Gandhinagar (Gujarat) and Hotel Taj, Hotel Oberoi-Trident and Nariman House in Mumbai during the terrorist attack from 26.11.2008 to 29.11.2008.
- The primary task of the Force is to engage and neutralize terrorist threats in specific situations and to undertake counter hijack and hostage rescue missions.
- In addition to its operational tasks, the Force provides training on special commando action, bomb disposal (BD) techniques and VIP security to the personnel of the Armed Forces, CAPFs, State Police and Security Force personnel of friendly neighbouring countries.
- In Delhi, NSG commandos are kept on alert at fixed locations to meet any national contingency. These commandos are also deployed for special security coverage on occasions of national importance like Republic Day and Independence Day celebrations and also during the visit of foreign dignitaries and Heads of States/Governments.
Railway Protection Force (RPF)
Mandate as per RPF Act and Railways Act,
- to protect and safeguard railway property, passenger area and passenger;
- to remove any obstruction in the movement of railway property or passenger area; and
- to do any other act conducive to the better protection and security of railway property, passenger area and passenger.
Special Protection Group- SPG
- The Special Protection Group, is used for the protection of VVIPs such as the Prime Minister. Recruits include the Police and the NSG Commandos and they are trained like the US Secret Service. The Special Protection Group provides proximate security to WIPs and the members of their immediate family.
- Proximate security includes protection provided from close quarters, journey on foot, road, rail, aircraft, watercraft or any other means of transport, and includes places of functions, engagements, residence, etc. CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
- They comprise ring round teams, isolation cordons, the sterile zone, and the rostrum & access control to the person or members of his immediate family. The Special Protection Group, over a period of time, grew both in size as well as in specialization
Sashastra Seema Bal
- The Special Service Bureau (SSB) was set up in early 1963 in the wake of India-China conflict of 1962 to build up the morale and capability of the border population against threats of subversion, infiltration and sabotage from across the Border. CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
- It became a border guarding Force in 2001 under the Ministry of Home Affairs and was rechristened `Sashastra Seema Bal’ with an amended charter.
- It has been given the border guarding responsibilities along the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders.
National Disaster Response Force- NDRF:
- NDRF is multi—disciplinary, multi-skilled, high-tech, stand alone force capable of dealing with all types of natural and man-made disasters. Post national calamities in quick succession in the form of Odisha Super Cyclone (1999) and Gujarat Earthquake (2001) brought about the realization of the need of having a specialist response mechanism at National Level to effectively respond to disasters.
- This realization led to the enactment of the Disaster Management Act in 2005. The NDMA was constituted to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
- The Disaster Management Act has made the statutory provisions for constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to natural and manmade disasters.
- Accordingly, in 2006 NDRF was constituted with 08 Bns (02 Bn each from BSF, CRPF, ITBP and CISF). As on date NDRF is having strength of 10 Bns. Each NDRF Bn consists of 1149 personnel. CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs
Role & Mandate:
- Specialized response during disasters
- Proactive deployment during impending disaster situations
- Acquire and continually upgrade its own training and skills
- Liaison, Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills
- Impart basic and operational level training to State Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards)
Vis-à-vis Community- All NDRF Bns are actively engaged in various:
- Community Capacity Building Programme
- Public Awareness Campaign
- Exhibitions : Posters, Pamphlets, literatures