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Public Administration by G.Rajput

HERBERT A. SIMON

August 18, 2019

DECISION-MAKING SCHOOL OF THOUGHT Herbert Simon was an American social scientist who began his career in local government. His early interest is evaluating the efficiency of different methods of local administration led him to the new field of `operations research’. He was Director of the Social Science Research Council and Nuclear Science and Engineering Corporation. […]

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Comparison of Human Relations School with the Classical School

August 18, 2019

Comparison of Human Relations School of Thought with the Classical School Human Relations Theory of George Elton Mayo is basically built upon the successes and not on the failures of classical theory i.e. it is not that the ideas of the structural school of thought were totally discarded by the scholars of the Human Relations […]

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Elton Mayo

August 18, 2019

Elton Mayo  The development of the human relations theory can be traced back to the contributions of the Hugo Munster Berg and Elton Mayo and his colleagues. Hugo Munster Berg– is widely recognised as the founder of the concept of Industrial Psychology and he published his book ‘Psychology and Industrial Efficiency’ in 1913. He developed […]

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Critical Appraisal of Theory of Principles (or Classical Theory)

August 8, 2019

Classical school Public Administration The thinking in the Classical School of thought which believes in organisational principles was influenced by the writings of Henry Fayol. Since he was the one who for the first time advocated the functional division of work, he is called the earliest “Functionalist”. Also for the attempt on his part to […]

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Can you explain ‘Civil Services Activism’ in India with examples?

March 19, 2019

Civil services’ activism includes all or any of those proactive steps which are taken by civil servants to make the system/administration more people centric, transparent, efficient and abiding by constitutional values. It may include gamut of activities like civil servants holding regular public meetings, asking for people’s feedback, making people aware of their rights, ensuring […]

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Vroom’s Expectancy Theory

February 21, 2019

Vroom’s Expectancy Theory was proposed by Victor. H. Vroom, who believed that people are motivated to perform activities to achieve some goal to the extent they expect that certain actions on their part would help them to achieve the goal. Vroom’s Expectancy Theory is based on the assumption that an individual’s behavior results from the choices […]

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Chester Barnard

January 31, 2019

Chester barnard Without discussing his background and life, I will directly come to Chester barnard’s theory.He has highlighted three elements in an organization Common Purpose– Objective Purpose– He refers to the organizational purpose or the common purpose. He calls this as individual’s purpose or individual’s goal. Unless the individuals come together, cooperate with each other, […]

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Difference Between Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy

January 31, 2019

The economic position of a country can be monitored, controlled and regulated by the sound economic policies. The fiscal and monetary policies of the nation are the two measures, which can help in bringing stability and developing smoothly.Fiscal policy is the policy relating to government revenues from taxes and expenditure on various projects. Monetary Policy, on the […]

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Monetary Policy Committee

January 29, 2019

The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (RBI Act) has been amended by the Finance Act, 2016,  to provide for a statutory and institutionalised framework for a Monetary Policy Committee, for maintaining price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth. The Monetary Policy Committee would be entrusted with the task of fixing the […]

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Mary Parker Follet (1866-1933).

January 28, 2019

 Ideas of Mary Parker Follet’s are a bridge between the classical school of thought and the Behavioural School of Thought. She gave a socio-psychological dimension to the study of organisational theory. Her ideas found expression in his book Creative Experience (1924). Some of her ideas are given in the following paragraphs in short: Mary Parker […]

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ELTOM MAYO- First enquiry

January 25, 2019

George Elton Mayo is considered as one of the pioneers of the human relations movement. Elton Mayo advocated a humanistic not mechanistic employer-employee relationship. The workers in an organization should be treated with self-esteem and dignity rather than mere factors in production or mere cogs in machine. Elton Mayo advocated the concept of looking at organizations as […]

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MCGREGOR’S THEORY X and theory Y

January 25, 2019

Introduction  Douglas Mcgregor is a behaviorist and social psychologist of repute. He is a strong believer in the potentialities of human beings in contributing to organizational performance. His work, “The Human Side of Enterprise” (1960) opened new vistas in organisation and management theory through providing answers to some of the intriguing questions. Later he published […]

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MASLOW’S THEORY OF MOTIVATION

January 25, 2019

MASLOW’S THEORY OF MOTIVATION Maslow ‘in his classic paper ‘A Theory of Human Motivation’ published in 1943 outlined an overall theory of motivation. He analyzed the relationship flanked by the human beings and organisations from the stand point of ‘human needs’. Human beings become members of organisations to fulfill their needs. These needs arise in […]

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NEW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

January 25, 2019

NEW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION New Public Administration is an anti-positivist, anti-technical, and anti-hierarchical reaction against traditional public administration. HISTORY New Public Administration traces it origins to the first Minnowbrook Conference held in 1968 under the patronage of Dwight Waldo. The 1960s in the USA was a time of unusual social and political turbulence and upheaval. In […]

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APPROACHES OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

January 25, 2019

APPROACHES OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION APPROACHES OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Ideal or Bureaucratic Approach Bureaucratic specifications are studied for reaching conclusions and developing understanding. Under this approach structures of organisations are analyzed in conditions of their horizontal differentiation, vertical differentiation, span of controlled. Procedures and rules are analyzed and the framework of functioning is determined. Job […]

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