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Public Administration by G.Rajput

Chester Barnard

January 31, 2019

Chester barnard Without discussing his background and life, I will directly come to Chester barnard’s theory.He has highlighted three elements in an organization Common Purpose– Objective Purpose– He refers to the organizational purpose or the common purpose. He calls this as individual’s purpose or individual’s goal. Unless the individuals come together, cooperate with each other, […]

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Difference Between Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy

January 31, 2019

The economic position of a country can be monitored, controlled and regulated by the sound economic policies. The fiscal and monetary policies of the nation are the two measures, which can help in bringing stability and developing smoothly.Fiscal policy is the policy relating to government revenues from taxes and expenditure on various projects. Monetary Policy, on the […]

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Monetary Policy Committee

January 29, 2019

The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (RBI Act) has been amended by the Finance Act, 2016,  to provide for a statutory and institutionalised framework for a Monetary Policy Committee, for maintaining price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth. The Monetary Policy Committee would be entrusted with the task of fixing the […]

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Mary Parker Follet (1866-1933).

January 28, 2019

 Ideas of Mary Parker Follet’s are a bridge between the classical school of thought and the Behavioural School of Thought. She gave a socio-psychological dimension to the study of organisational theory. Her ideas found expression in his book Creative Experience (1924). Some of her ideas are given in the following paragraphs in short: Mary Parker […]

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ELTOM MAYO- First enquiry

January 25, 2019

George Elton Mayo is considered as one of the pioneers of the human relations movement. Elton Mayo advocated a humanistic not mechanistic employer-employee relationship. The workers in an organization should be treated with self-esteem and dignity rather than mere factors in production or mere cogs in machine. Elton Mayo advocated the concept of looking at organizations as […]

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MCGREGOR’S THEORY X and theory Y

January 25, 2019

Introduction  Douglas Mcgregor is a behaviorist and social psychologist of repute. He is a strong believer in the potentialities of human beings in contributing to organizational performance. His work, “The Human Side of Enterprise” (1960) opened new vistas in organisation and management theory through providing answers to some of the intriguing questions. Later he published […]

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MASLOW’S THEORY OF MOTIVATION

January 25, 2019

MASLOW’S THEORY OF MOTIVATION Maslow ‘in his classic paper ‘A Theory of Human Motivation’ published in 1943 outlined an overall theory of motivation. He analyzed the relationship flanked by the human beings and organisations from the stand point of ‘human needs’. Human beings become members of organisations to fulfill their needs. These needs arise in […]

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NEW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

January 25, 2019

NEW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION New Public Administration is an anti-positivist, anti-technical, and anti-hierarchical reaction against traditional public administration. HISTORY New Public Administration traces it origins to the first Minnowbrook Conference held in 1968 under the patronage of Dwight Waldo. The 1960s in the USA was a time of unusual social and political turbulence and upheaval. In […]

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APPROACHES OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

January 25, 2019

APPROACHES OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION APPROACHES OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Ideal or Bureaucratic Approach Bureaucratic specifications are studied for reaching conclusions and developing understanding. Under this approach structures of organisations are analyzed in conditions of their horizontal differentiation, vertical differentiation, span of controlled. Procedures and rules are analyzed and the framework of functioning is determined. Job […]

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CURRENT STATUS OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

January 25, 2019

After the decline of the comparative administration group (CAG) in the early 1970’s,there was a lull in this field due to several factors like theoretical and fact based revise was only done and so there was problem in the applicability of those models and USA was going through a bad stage in the Vietnamese war […]

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Budgetary Process

February 13, 2018

The budget process in India, like in most other countries, comprises  four distinct phases. Budget formulation: the preparation of estimates of expenditure and receipts for the ensuing financial year; Budget enactment: approval of the proposed Budget by the Legislature through the enactment of Finance Bill and Appropriation Bill; Budget execution: enforcement of the provisions in […]

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FRBM Act

February 13, 2018

The FRBM Act is a fiscal sector legislation enacted by the government of India in 2003, aiming to ensure fiscal discipline for the centre by setting targets including reduction of fiscal deficits and elimination of revenue deficit.  It is a legal step to ensure fiscal discipline and fiscal consolidation in India.            The targets set […]

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Self Help Groups

February 11, 2018

Self Help Groups (SHG) are mentioned in the GS Paper 2 as per the latest UPSC Mains Syllabus. SHG related questions can also be expected in Prelims as well as in the Essay Paper of Mains. This article is based on July 2013 Kurukshetra magazine, and intends to give a gist about SHGs. UPSC syllabus […]

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Anti Development thesis.

February 11, 2018

After the WWII, European reconstruction was undertaken under ‘Marshall Plan’ to rebuild war-devastated economies of European countries. This became prevailing western model of development –   development through aid.   Keynesian philosophy of state led development and United Nations support further set context for development administration.   The western countries started the path of ‘Development’ […]

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Budgetary procedure in India

February 11, 2018

The budgetary procedure in India involves four different operations that are Preparation of the budget Enactment of the budget Execution of the budget Parliamentary control over finance Preparation of the budget The exercise of the preparation of the budget by the ministry of finance starts sometimes around in the month of September every year. There […]

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