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Public Administration Q/A

Q.”Administrative efficiency is enhanced by keeping at a minimum the number of organizational levels through which a matter must pass before it is acted upon”. – (Herbert A. Simon)

July 19, 2019

Ans: Administrative structure of public or private space is based on hierarchy. The hierarchy is nothing but various levels of organization. In an organization there is top level i.e., executive, then there is middle level management i.e., manager and third level is supervisor at lower level. Now decisions taken at top level are transmitted to […]

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Q.Whereas Downs model is largely dependent on a theory of psychological motivation, Niskanen’s model is framed by neo-classical thinking. In the light of the above, discuss the public choice approach to decision-making.

July 18, 2019

Ans. Public choice approach to the study of organizations focus on problems of control and responsiveness. Using economic tools of analysis, this brand of research analyzes the pathologies of the administrative state and their implications for organizational performance. The main argument of the Public Choice Approach is that bureaucratic agencies are sufficiently ossified that they […]

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Q. In the evolution of’ the discipline of Public Administration, Minnowbrook Conferences 1,11 and III reflect the discipline’s re-conceptualisation and its changing values. Elucidate. (CSE, 2011)

July 18, 2019

Ans. There has long been a polemical discussion within the field of Public administration regarding the theoretical basis of the field. Some authors argue that Public Administration is, or used to be a part of political science or management. Other considers Public administration to be a multi-disciplinary area of interest. Academics have long sought to […]

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Q.”The field of pub adm is a field of business”. (Woodrow Wilson)

July 18, 2019

Ans: According to Woodrow Wilson, the affairs of public adm are similar to that of business. It implies that the primary concern of business, namely efficiency, economy and effectiveness should also be that of public administration. Wilson gave the concept of Politics-Administration Dichotomy which espoused the development of public adm as a separate subject of […]

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Q.In the last two decades, almost all countries of the world have experienced transformations in their ad-ministrative systems.’ Explain this phenomenon with examples from the developed and the developing nations in the context of New Public Management Movement.

July 18, 2019

Ans : In the world, during 1980’s and 1990’s remarkable changes took place in public sector management in almost all the countries. Structurally the change was from rigid, hierarchial and bureaucratic form of public administration to a flexible, market-based form of public administration. There was remarkable change in the role of government in society and […]

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Q. Calling Woodrow Wilson, the father of Public Administration is doing injustice to equally or even more eminent contributions made prior to him.’ Comment.

July 18, 2019

Ans : Woodrow Wilson is known as the father of Public Administration. His seminal contribution, ‘The Study of Administration’ was published in the ‘Political Science Quarterly’ in 1887. Even though Wilson contributed immensly to Public Administration, before him number of political scientists and other administrators contributed equally and even more. Public Administration, as a practice, […]

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Q. “Kautilya was not only the foremost politico-administrative thinker of ancient India but he was an advo¬cate and preacher of moral values too.” Comment.

July 18, 2019

Ans: The study of administration in India starts with the work of Kautilya. He finally blended the administrative studies with moral values. His work, the Arthashastra contains Kautilya’s philosophy of state administration. Promotion of public security and welfare was considered as important aspects of the state policy and the king was responsible for the ‘security’ […]

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Q. “Public and Private administrations are two species of the same genus, but they also have special values and techniques of their own.” Comment.

July 18, 2019

The dichotomy between Public and Private administrations dates back to the starting of administrative studies. .The classical writers held the view that public and private administrations are the undifferentiated members of the genus administration. Henri Fayol, for example says that there is only one administrative science which can be applied equally well to public and […]

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Q. Democracy and good governance are contradictions in terms. Discuss with examples.

July 17, 2019

Ans: Democracy means popular government and it broadly takes two forms —parliamentary and presidential. These two forms refer to the differences in the distribution of political resources and in the sharing and exercising of power. It is a government wherein the whole people or a numerous portion of them exercise through deputies, periodically elected by […]

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Q. Give an account of major landmarks in the growth of the discipline of public administration in the 20th century. What are the possible trends in its growth in the first decade of 219’ century?

July 17, 2019

Evolution of Public Administration Stages Though Public administration as an activity has existed in human society from time immemorial, its emergence as a branch of study and learning is rather recent, going back no farther than the closing years of 19th century. As a field of systematic study, the development of public administration has been […]

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Q.Describe the evolution of the discipline of public administration with special emphasis on post-1970 devel¬opments.

July 17, 2019

Evolution of Public Administration Ans: The discipline of public administration, despite the uncertainty and turmoil in the pre-1970s registered progress and entered the seventies with an enriched vision. Public administration attracted within its fold scholars from various disciplines and thus was becoming truly interdisciplinary in its nature. Indeed of all the social sciences, it is […]

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Q.”… The paradigms of public administration may be understood in terms of locus on focus.” – (Golembiewski). In the light of the above statement describe the “five-paradigms” of Nicholas Henry about the evolution of the discipline of public administration.

July 17, 2019

Ans: According to Golembiewski, each phase may be distinguished and understood in terms of its locus or focus. ‘LOCUS’ refers directly to the ‘where’, to the contexts that are conceived to yield the phenomena of interest. ‘Focus’ refers to the analytical targets of public administration, the ‘what’ with which specialists are concerned. Now, Nicholas Henry […]

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Q. “The inculcation of belief in the real existence of common purpose is an essential executive function.” Comment.

July 17, 2019

Ans: Organisation whether public or private is primarily concerned with co-ordination of all the resources through the process of, planning, organizing, staffing, commanding and control to achieve the predetermined goals or objectives of an organisation. Now, in the above paragraph it is clear that any organization has certain goals and it is this goal which […]

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Q.”If public administration is to play a major legitimizing role in governing our complex society, it needs to be more fully conceptualized”. Discuss.

July 17, 2019

Virtually every society today has been experiencing a transformation in its structure and functioning which is the result of collective working of many factors like industrialization, urbanization, globalisation etc. When the society develops it becomes more complex to administer. For this purpose the public administration also need a change and innovation through conceptualisation to cope […]

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Q.”Administrative question are not political questions”. Discuss.

July 17, 2019

Ans: The relationships between politics and public administration have evolved over a period of time. The American statesman right from the beginning of their Republic have observed a difference between policy matters and administrative matters. This developed into a dichotomy between politics and administration. Although this thesis was finally abandoned after the second World War. […]

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Q.The advent of the concept of “roll back of the state” since the 1980’s has been altering the role of Pub. Ad. but certainly not diminishing its central place in human society”. Discuss.

July 17, 2019

Ans: With the ever increasing complexity of Public Administration and its scope, it has become ‘very difficult for the governments to oversee the administrative set up. “The roll back of state” a humble concept given by former U.K. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in 1989 gave a great opportunity to shed off its burden but not […]

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Q” Though there are certain points of similarity between public and private administration yet no private organization can ever be exactly the same as a public one”. Examine.

July 16, 2019

Answer- The classical writers held the view that public and private administrations are the undifferentiated members of the genus administration. Henri Fayol, for example says that there is only one administrative science which can be applied equally well to public and private sectors. But then no private organization can hold as much responsibility for public, […]

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Minnowbrook conference in U.S.A. identified four features crucial to ‘new public administration’. Explain.

July 16, 2019

The Minnowbrook conference held in 1968 in U.S.A. was a youth conference and it was this young academic get together which gave rise to what has come to be known as ‘New Public Administration’. Dwight Waldo has played an important role in the changing the direction in which public administration was moving.It was primarily to […]

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“Publicness” of Public Administration in an ideal democratic government remains the ultimate value in theory and practice.” Elucidate.    

July 15, 2019

Answer- Publicness in public administration can be understood from two prospectus. First perspective- what is the ultimate goal of public administration? Second prospective – what is the role of government in public administration. Since the evolution of public administration it has travelled and treaded different paths. The significance of ‘Publicness’ of public administration is that […]

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Q.”A science of administration would be a body of formal statements describing invariant relationships between measurable objects, units, or elements. Unquestionably administrative research has produced definite percepts and hypothesis that are applicable to concrete situations.” – (Fritz Morstein Marx)

July 15, 2019

1. “A science of administration would be a body of formal statements describing invariant relationships between measurable objects, units, or elements. Unquestionably administrative research has produced definite percepts and hypothesises that are applicable to concrete situations.” – (Fritz Morstein Marx) Fritz Morstein Marx in this statement is focusing on the nature public administration. Morstein Marx […]

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