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NITI AYOG – New India @ 75

Chapter # 41. Data Led Governance and Policy Making

February 14, 2019

Objectives Evidence based policy making should be made integral to the overall governance structure in New India, 2022-23. To achieve this, timely generation and dissemination of robust data at all levels of governance would be a pre-requisite. This would require: Collecting data for new measurable parameters using latest technologies. Improving efficiencies in processes related to […]

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Chapter # 40. Optimizing the Use of Land Resources

February 14, 2019

Optimizing the Use of Land Resources-Ensuring that land markets function smoothly, through efficient allocation of land across uses, provision of secure property rights and titles, and clear and consistent regulations around the operations, leasing and sale of land are critical for India to achieve and sustain high economic growth. To this end, the following goals […]

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Chapter # 39. Modernizing City Governance For Urban Transformation

February 14, 2019

Objective  City Governance For Urban Transformation To transform our cities into economically vibrant and environmentally sustainable habitats that provide equitable access to basic infrastructure, public services and opportunities to all citizens and platforms for democratic participation. Current Situation Global experience indicates that cities are central to raising economic productivity, enhancing job creation and improving public […]

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Chapter # 38. Civil Services Reforms

February 14, 2019

Objective  civil-services-reforms To put in place a reformed system of recruitment, training and performance evaluation of the civil service to ensure more effective and efficient delivery of public services to achieve the development goals envisaged in New India 2022. Current Situation The Second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) was constituted in 2005 and in 2009, the […]

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Chapter # 37. Legal, Judicial and Police Reforms

February 14, 2019

Objective To ensure the safety and security of citizens and ensure access to effective legal systems and speedy delivery of justice. Current Situation  Legal and judicial reforms are urgently needed to address the massive pendency and capacity issues in Indian courts, which impede access to justice. Several archaic and defunct laws have already been repealed […]

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Chapter # 36. The North-East Region

February 14, 2019

Objectives The North-East Region (NER) should: Have adequate road, rail and air connectivity, waterways, internet connectivity and financial inclusion. This will form the platform upon which suitable interventions for all sectors where the North-East Region has a comparative advantage (for e.g., tourism, hydropower generation, handicrafts, organic agriculture, etc.) can be effectively implemented. By 2022-23, the region […]

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Chapter # 35. Balanced Regional Development: Transforming Aspirational Districts

February 14, 2019

Objective  Balanced Regional Development: Transforming Aspirational Districts Achieve balanced development in India by uplifting 115 districts, currently below the national average in the areas of health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion and skill development, and basic infrastructure. Current Situation The Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) was launched on January 5, 2018, by […]

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Chapter # 34. Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), Other Backward Classes (OBCs), Other Tribal Groups and Minorities

February 14, 2019

SCs, STs, OBCs, De-Notified Tribes (DNTs), Nomadic Tribes (NTs) and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (SNTs) Objective  To accelerate the socio-economic development of SCs, STs, OBCs, safai karamcharis as well as DNTs, NTs and SNTs through focused affirmative action so as to bring them on par with the rest of the population as far as key human development indicators are […]

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Chapter # 33. Senior Citizens, Persons with Disability and Transgender Persons

February 13, 2019

SENIOR CITIZENS  Objective To ensure a life of dignity, social security and safety for senior citizens, enabling them to actively participate in economic development and the nation building process. Current Situation  As per Census 2011,1 India had 10.38 crore senior citizens (60 years and above). Of this, 3.8 crore were above the age of 80 […]

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Chapter # 32. Gender

February 13, 2019

Objective  To create an enabling environment, sans institutional and structural barriers. To enhance the female labour force participation rate to at least 30 per cent by 2022-23. Current Situation  As highlighted in the Economic Survey 2018, a number of indicators that reflect the position of women in Indian society have moved in the right direction. […]

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Chapter # 31. Nutrition

February 13, 2019

Objectives  Under POSHAN Abhiyaan, achieve the following outcomes by 2022-23, compared to the baseline of 2015-16 (National Family Health Survey-4): Reduce the prevalence of stunting among children to 25 per cent or less. Reduce the prevalence of underweight in children (0-6 years) to 25 per cent or less. Reduce the prevalence of anaemia among young […]

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Chapter # 30. Universal Health Coverage

February 13, 2019

Objectives  On the strong platform of Pradhan Mantri – Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY): Attain a coverage of at least 75 per cent of the population with publicly financed health insurance (covering most secondary and tertiary care procedures) by 2022-23. Reduce by 50 per cent the proportion of households facing catastrophic health expenditure from the current […]

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Chapter # 29. Human Resources for Health

February 13, 2019

Objectives  Achieve a doctor-population ratio of at least 1:1400 (WHO norm 1:1000) and nurse-population ratio of at least 1:500 (WHO norm 1:400) by 2022-23. Ensure availability of paramedics and doctors as per Indian Public Health Standard (IPHS) norms in high priority districts by 2020 (National Health Policy, 2017). Deploy mid-level providers (MLPs) to manage the […]

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Chapter # 28. Comprehensive Primary Health Care

February 13, 2019

Objectives  Under Ayushman Bharat, scale-up a new vision for comprehensive primary health care across the country, built on the platform of health and wellness centres (HWCs), to: Provide quality ambulatory services for an inclusive package of diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative and palliative care, close to the people. Deliver preventive and promotion services, and action on the […]

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Chapter # 27. Public Health Management and Action

February 13, 2019

Objectives  To revamp radically the public and preventive health system in the nation through the following strategic interventions: Mobilize public health action through an integrated, inter-sectoral and pan-stakeholder approach, targeted at communities and individuals as well as grassroots organizations, aimed at creating an unprecedented people-led movement for health and wellness. Operationalize vital enablers – a) […]

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Chapter # 26. Skill Development

February 13, 2019

Obejctives  For harnessing the demographic advantage that it enjoys, India needs to build the capacity and infrastructure for skilling/reskilling/up-skilling existing and new entrants to the labour force. The goals to be met until 2022-23 are as follows Increase the proportion of formally skilled labour from the current 5.4 per cent1 of India’s workforce to at […]

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Chapter # 25. Teacher Education and Training

February 13, 2019

Objectives There cannot be a quality education system without quality teachers. Therefore, a thorough revamp of the entire ecosystem of teacher education both at the school and college level is necessary. In this context, the objectives for 2022-23 include: Enforcing minimum teacher standards through rigorous teacher eligibility tests and criteria for the induction of teachers. […]

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Chapter # 24. Higher Education

February 13, 2019

Objectives  Increase the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education from 25 per cent in 2016-17 to 35 per cent by 2022-23. Make higher education more inclusive for the most vulnerable groups. Adopt accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework and have multiple highly reputed accreditation agencies for facilitating the process. Create an enabling ecosystem […]

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23. School Education

February 13, 2019

Objectives Universal access and retention: o Hundred per cent enrolment and retention at elementary education and secondary education levels; achieve zero dropouts until Class X. o Equitable participation by all society seg-ments, in terms of attendance, retention and years of schooling to ensure maximum social inclusion. Improvement in learning outcomes for elementary and secondary education, […]

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Chapter # 22. Sustainable Environment

February 13, 2019

Objective  The objective is to maintain a clean, green and healthy environment with peoples’ participation to support higher and inclusive economic growth through sustainable utilization of available natural resources. The 2022-23 goals include the following. Air pollution:  Bringing down PM2.5 levels in Indian cities to less than 50. Creating 175 GW of renewable energy generation […]

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Chapter # 21. Water Resources

February 12, 2019

Objectives By 2022-23, India’s water resources management strategy should facilitate water security to ensure adequate availability of water for life, agriculture, economic development, ecology and environment. This broader vision can be achieved by attaining the following sectoral goals: Provide adequate (rural: 40 litres per capita per day (lpcd); urban 135 lpcd) and safe drinking water (piped) and water for […]

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Chapter # 20. Swash Bharat Mission

February 12, 2019

Objectives The key objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission include: 1. Making India Open Defecation Free (ODF) by October 2, 2019. 2. Carrying out extensive information, education and communication (IEC) and behaviour change campaigns to change the attitude of people regarding healthy sanitation practices. 3. Ensuring scientific solid and liquid waste management. 4. Augmenting the […]

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Chapter # 19.Smart Cities for Urban Transformation

February 12, 2019

Objectives  Leverage the ‘Smart Cities’ concept in select urban clusters to: Drive job creation and economic growth. Significantly improve efficiencies in service delivery. Leverage technology for inclusive, sustainable and participatory development by 2022-23. Current Situation Smart Cities is an approach to urban development characterized by area-based development, efficient delivery of basic infrastructure and services in […]

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Chapter # 18. Digital Connectivity

February 12, 2019

Objectives Given the relevance of digital connectivity to economic growth and the need to eliminate the digital divide by 2022-23, India should aim to achieve: Physical digital connectivity across all states, districts and gram panchayats (GPs). Delivery of government services digitally by 2022-23. Hundred per cent basic digital literacy across the country to be able […]

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Chapter # 17. Logistics

February 12, 2019

Objectives Achieve multi-modal movement of cargo on par with global logistics standards. Reduce the logistics cost to less than 10 per cent of GDP from the current level of 14 per cent. Expand the logistics market to USD215 billion by 2020 from the current level of USD160 billion.1 Improve logistics skilling and increase jobs in […]

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Chapter # 16.Ports, Shipping and Inland Waterways

February 12, 2019

Objectives  Double the share of freight transported by coastal shipping and inland waterways from 6 per cent in 2016-171 to 12 per cent by 2025. Increase the port handling capacity to 2,500 million metric tonnes (MMT)2 by 2022-23. Reduce the turnaround time at major ports from about 3.44 days (2016-17)3 to 1-2 days (global average) […]

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Chapter # 15. Civil Aviation

February 12, 2019

Objectives Enhance the affordability of flying to enable an increase in domestic ticket sales from 103.75 million in 2016-171 to 300 million by 2022.2 Double air cargo handled from about 3.3 million tonnes in 2017-18 to about 6.5 million tonnes. Expand the maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) industry from USD 1.8 billion in 2017 to […]

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Chapter # 14. Railways

February 12, 2019

Objectives By 2022-23, India should have a rail network that is not only efficient, reliable and safe, but is also cost-effective and accessible, both with respect to the movement of people and goods. This requires achieving the following objectives: Augment the capacity of existing railway infrastructure. Increase the speed of infrastructure creation from the present […]

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Chapter # 13. Surface Transport

February 12, 2019

Objectives Increasing the coverage and quality of roads and highways is critical to enhancing connectivity and internal and external trade. By 2022-23, we should achieve the following objectives: Increase connectivity by expanding the road network: Achieve the Bharatmala Phase-I target by completing 24,800 km by 2021-22, including 2,000 km of coastal and port connectivity roads.1 […]

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Chapter # 12. Energy

February 12, 2019

Objectives The government’s on-going energy sector policies aim “to provide access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy”. At the convergence of its domestic goals and the global development agenda, it also intends to hit the following milestones on the way – Make available 24×7 power to all by 2019. Achieve 175 GW of renewable […]

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Chapter # 11. Minerals

February 12, 2019

Objectives Double the area explored from 10 per cent of obvious geological potential (OGP) area to 20 per cent.1 Accelerate the growth of the mining sector from 3 per cent in 2017-18 to 14 per cent, with an average growth of 8.5 per cent during 2018-23. Increase the job contribution (direct, associated and indirect) from […]

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Chapter # 10. Travel, Tourism and Hospitality

February 12, 2019

Objectives  Increase India’s share in global international tourist arrivals from 1.18 per cent to 3 per cent. Increase the number of foreign tourist arrivals from 8.8 million to 12 million. Double the number of domestic tourist visits, from 1,614 million in 2016 to 3,200 million visits. Current Situation There has been significant progress in the […]

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Chapter # 9. Housing For All

February 12, 2019

Objectives Provide every family with a pucca house, with a water connection, toilet facilities, and 24×7 electricity supply and access. Build 2.95 core housing units in rural areas and 1.2 crore housing units in urban areas. Current Situation The President’s clarion call to ensure the provision of houses to every family remains the key objective […]

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Chapter # 8. Financial Inclusion

February 12, 2019

Objectives Banking for the unbanked  o Bank accounts: Ensuring universal access to bank accounts, which are a gateway to all financial services.  o Digital payment services: Providing access to digital payment services and increasing its penetration.  Securing the unsecured  o Insurance and social security: Ensuring universal coverage of insurance for life, accidents, etc., and of […]

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Chapter # 7.Doubling Farmers’ Income (III): Value Chain & Rural Infrastructure

February 11, 2019

Objectives • Transform the rural economy through the creation of modern rural infrastructure and an integrated value chain system. • Leverage the value chain to boost India’s exports of food products. • Create occupational diversification and quality employment opportunities for doubling farmers’ income by 2022-23. Current Situation Despite rapid progress, rural India suffers from an […]

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Chapter # 6.Doubling Farmers’ Income (II): Policy & Governance

February 11, 2019

Objectives Create a policy environment that enables income security for farmers, whilst maintaining India’s food security. Encourage the participation of the private sector in agricultural development to transition from agriculture to robust agri-business systems. Promote through government policies the emergence of ‘agripreneurs’ so that even small and marginal farmers can capture a higher share of […]

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Chapter # 5.Doubling Farmers’ Income (I): Modernizing Agriculture

February 11, 2019

Objectives • Modernize agricultural technology, increase productivity, efficiency and crop diversification. • Generate income and employment through a paradigm shift that ensures food security while maximizing value addition in agriculture. Current Situation The existing yield levels of a majority of crops remains much lower than the world average. The predominant causes are low irrigation, use […]

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Chapter # 4.Industry

February 11, 2019

Objectives Double the current growth rate of the manufac-turing sector by 2022. Promote in a planned manner the adoption of the latest technology advancements, referred to as ‘Industry 4.0’, that will have a defining role in shaping the manufacturing sector in 2022. Current Situation India is the fifth largest manufacturer in the world with a […]

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Chapter # 3. Technology and Innovation

February 11, 2019

Objectives India should be among the top 50 countries in the Global Innovation Index by 2022-23.1 Five of our scientific research institutions should be amongst the top 100 in the world. India should aim to spend at least 2 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) on R&D with equal contributions from the public and […]

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Chapter # 2.Employment and Labour Reforms

February 11, 2019

Objectives Complete codification of central labour laws into four codes by 2019. Increase female labour force participation to at least 30 per cent by 2022-23. Disseminate publicly available data, collected through rigorous household and enterprise surveys and innovative use of administrative data on a quarterly basis by 2022-23. Encourage increased formalization of the labour force […]

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Chapter # 1 Growth (India @ 75)

February 10, 2019

Objectives Steadily accelerate the gross domestic product(GDP) growth rate to achieve a target of about 8 per cent during 2018-23 This will raise the economy’s size in real terms from USD 2.7 trillion in 2017-18 to nearly USD 4 trillion by 2022-23. Besides having rapid growth, which reaches 9-10 per cent by 2022-23, it is […]

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February 10, 2019

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