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Indian Polity

MAKING OF THE CONSTITUTION

November 18, 2019

Constitution is the fundamental and supreme law of a country, which describes the method of formation of Government, nature of Government, its powers and responsibilities. Our Constitution also describes who citizens are, and what are their rights and duties. SOURCES OF OUR CONSTITUTION Government of India Act, 1935, is considered as the base of the […]

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Parliamentary form of government in India

November 18, 2019

Parliamentary System in India The democratic system of government can be divided into the parliamentary and the presidential system based on the relationship between the executive and the legislature. In a parliamentary system, executive is a part of legislature, which implements the law and plays an active role in framing it as well. In a […]

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INDIAN JUDICIARY

February 7, 2018

Introduction Judiciary is an independent body that protects and ensures the ‘rule of law.’ Any other organs of the government including the executive and legislature must not restrain the functioning of the judiciary. The judicial system in India is in the form of an integrated judiciary, which consists of a Supreme Court for the whole […]

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT

February 7, 2018

Introduction Local government is the government of the village and district level. It is the government closest to the common people that involves in day-to-day life and attempt to resolve problems of ordinary citizens. Democracy is in fact about meaningful participation and also about accountability. Hence, strong and vibrant local governments ensure both active participation […]

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UNION LEGISLATURE

February 7, 2018

Introduction The Union Legislature of India is not only the lawmaking body, but the center of all democratic political process. The Parliament is the central legislature and the legislature of the state is known as ‘State Legislature.’ The Parliament of India is bicameral (i.e. consists of two houses) namely Rajya Sabha (the Council of States) […]

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UNION EXECUTIVE

February 7, 2018

Introduction The organ of a government that primarily looks after the function of implementation and administration is known the Executive. The Executive is the branch of Government accountable for the implementation of laws and policies legislated by the legislature. In the Parliamentary form of executive, the Prime Minister is the head of the government and […]

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FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

February 7, 2018

Under Part IV ‘A’, Article 51A of the Indian Constitution describes the following “Fundamental Duties” (i.e. the duty of every citizen of India). To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; […]

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FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS | Indian polity

February 7, 2018

Introduction The Constitution of India listed the rights to the citizens of India that would be specially protected and known as the ‘Fundamental Rights.’ ‘Fundamental’ means the Constitution has separately listed and made special provisions for the protection of ‘Fundamental Rights.’ Fundamental Rights are different from other rights (i.e. ordinary legal rights) available to the […]

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CITIZENSHIP | Indian Constitution

February 7, 2018

  Articles 5 to 11 under Part II of the Constitution describe the citizenship. Article 5 states that at the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and – who was born in the territory of India; or either of whose parents was born in the territory […]

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UNION & ITS TERRITORY

February 7, 2018

Articles 1 to 4 under Part I of the Constitution describe the Union and its Territory. Article 1 (1) states that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. Article 1 (2) states that the States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule. Article 1 (3) states that […]

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HOW THE CONSTITUTION WORKS

February 7, 2018

Introduction A constitution is a set of fundamental principles according to which a state is constituted or governed. The Constitution specifies the basic allocation of power in a State and decides who gets to decide what the laws will be. The Constitution first defines how a Parliament will be organized and empowers the Parliament to […]

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SOURCES of Indian Constitution

February 7, 2018

SOURCES OF CONSTITUTION   Introduction The Indian Constitution has been formed after ransacking all the major constitutions of the world; however, at the same time, the framers have also considered the following factors: Historical perspective of India; Geographical diversity of India; and Cultural and traditional characteristics of India. Major Sources The following table illustrates the […]

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CONSTITUTION VALUES

February 7, 2018

GUIDING VALUES OF THE CONSTITUTION Introduction India is a Republic Nation and the President of India is the head of the nation. He/she is elected every five years. The provisions are written in the Constitution to guarantee Justice for all. No one can be discriminated on the grounds of caste, religion, and gender. Social inequalities […]

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CONSTITUTIONAL FEATURES

February 7, 2018

CONSTITUTIONAL FEATURES Key Features of Indian Constitution Following are the important features of the Indian Constitution: Indian Constitution is a ‘written’ Indian Constitution is ‘flexible’ (it can be amended), but it is also ‘rigid’ (as some part, i.e., its ‘basic structure’ cannot be amended). Indian Constitution is ‘Unitary’ (as Center has more power), but it […]

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CONSTITUTION FORMATION OF INDIA EXPLAINED

February 7, 2018

CONSTITUTION FORMATION Historical Background In 1928, Motilal Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a constitution for India. In 1931, Indian National Congress in its session at Karachi passed a resolution on how the constitution of independent India should look like. Both these two documents have included the right of universal adult franchise, right to […]

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Constitution of India

February 7, 2018

INTRODUCTION TO CONSTITUTION OF INDIA The constitution of a country is a document that comprises a set of written rules accepted by everyone living together in that country. The Constitution of a country is the supreme law of the land and it determines the relationship among people living in that country and also regulates the […]

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