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Mussoorie Times

India’s Refugee Problem

April 19, 2021

India’s Refugee Problem Why in news? Myanmarese citizens, including little children fleeing from a Myanmar’s military, being turned away at the Indian border in the Northeast has once again revived the domestic debate about refugee protection in India. India’s History With Refugees Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 – The scale of the problem was […]

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India-Seychelles Relation

April 17, 2021

India-Seychelles Relation Why in news? Recently, a virtual meet was held between the Prime Minister of India and the President of Seychelles. KEY TAKEAWAYS ABOUT THE MEET New Magistrate Court Building During the meet, the two leaders jointly inaugurated the new Magistrate Court building in Seychelles. The Magistrates’ Court is a state of the art building which will […]

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IMF’s World Economic Outlook

April 16, 2021

IMF’s World Economic Outlook Why in news? The latest World Economic Outlook of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has estimated that India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will grow by 11.5% in the Financial Year (FY) 2021-22. Key Findings of the Report Global Growth is projected at -4.4 percent (against an earlier projection of -5.2 percent.) The growth projection in 2021 is 5.2 percent. IMF stated that China would […]

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Direct Payment Of Minimum Support Price (MSP)

April 16, 2021

Direct Payment Of Minimum Support Price (MSP) Why in news? The Punjab government has told the central government that it will pay the Minimum Support Price (MSP) directly into the accounts of farmers from this procurement season. But it also does not want to annoy the Arhtiyas (commission agents) who earlier used to pay the farmers and are opposing […]

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Copyright (Amendment) Rules 2021

April 16, 2021

Copyright (Amendment) Rules 2021 Why in news? The Ministry of Commerce and Industry recently notified Copyright (Amendment) rules, 2021. The amendment has been made to bring the existing Copyright rules in the country with parity with the other relevant legislations. Currently, the Copyright regime of India is governed by Copyright Act, 1957 and the Copyright […]

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Abolition of Film Certification Tribunal

April 16, 2021

Abolition of Film Certification Tribunal Why in news? The government by an ordinance has abolished the Film Certificate Appellate Tribunal (FCAT). The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation And Conditions Of Service) Ordinance, 2021, which came into effect on April 4, amends the Cinematograph Act, 1952 by omitting some sections and replacing the word “Tribunal” with “High Court” in other sections. The […]

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DRDO’s Advanced Chaff Technology

April 14, 2021

DRDO’s Advanced Chaff Technology Why in news? Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an Advanced Chaff Technology to safeguard the naval ships against enemy missile attack. Defence Laboratory Jodhpur (DLJ), a DRDO laboratory, has indigenously developed three variants of this critical technology namely Short Range Chaff Rocket (SRCR), Medium Range Chaff Rocket (MRCR) […]

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The Net-Zero Goal

April 14, 2021

The Net-Zero Goal Why in news? Climate Ambition Summit, co-hosted by the UK, France, and the UN, on the fifth anniversary of the 2015 Paris Agreement has brought back the debate on the fairness issues regarding the Net Zero targets and the pathways regarding greenhouse gas emission reduction. What is The Net-Zero Goal? Net-zero, which is […]

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Forest Fires In India

April 13, 2021

Forest Fires In India Why in news? Uttarakhand has witnessed over 1,000 incidents of a forest fire over the last six months, including 45 in the last 24 hours alone. From Uttaranchal to Nagaland, Madhya Pradesh to Odisha, Indian forests have burned away in the last six months, releasing the carbon sequestered for years. Forest […]

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Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021

April 13, 2021

Tribunals Reforms (Rationalization and Conditions of Service) Ordinance 2021 Why in news? The President of India has promulgated the Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021. The proposed changes are based on the directions issued by the Supreme Court last year in the Madras Bar Association case. According to the ordinance, the appellate authorities […]

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Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2020

April 12, 2021

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2020 Why in news? Medical Termination of Pregnancy Amendment Bill 2020 was passed in Lok Sabha recently. The Bill seeks to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971. The Act increases the time period within which an abortion may be carried out. Key Amendements To The Bill It […]

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India’s Merchandise Trade Deficit

April 10, 2021

India’s Merchandise Trade Deficit Why in news? Preliminary data released by the government showed that India’s trade deficit in goods widened to USD 14.11 billion in March 2021 from USD 9.98 billion during March 2020. Other Observations Merchandise Exports: India’s merchandise exports in March 2021 were USD 34.0 billion as compared to USD 21.49 billion in March 2020, an increase […]

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Dindori Project

April 10, 2021

Dindori Project Why in news? MP’s Dindori project shows the way forward for India as Millets pose production and consumption challenges towards achieving the food and nutritional security goals. About Dindori Project This initiative is basically started to revive millet cultivation in india and to meet the national nutritional goals An initiative was started in […]

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Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS)

April 9, 2021

Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS) Why in news? Following the discovery of a rare freshwater fish species there, the Maharashtra government has declared an area at Amboli in Western ghats as a biodiversity heritage site. the new freshwater fish species is named Schistura Hiranyakeshi, was discovered near Amboli in Sawantwadi tehsil of Sindhudurg district. The notification to […]

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The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme

April 9, 2021

The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme Why in news? The Centre plans to issue a 14-digit identification number to every plot of land in the country within a year’s time. The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme has been launched in 10 States in the year 2021 and will be rolled out across the country by […]

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China-Iran Strategic Cooperation Pact

April 8, 2021

China-Iran Strategic Cooperation Pact Why in news? China and Iran recently signed what was described as a 25-year “strategic cooperation pact”, during Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s on-going six-nation tour to West Asia. The deal, which has been in the works for five years, was signed between Mr. Wang and his Iranian counterpart Javad Zarif […]

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Human Rights Report 2020

April 8, 2021

Human Rights Report 2020 Why in news? The US State Department, in its 2020 Human Rights Report, pointed out several Human Rights Issues in India. About the report The report is submitted each year to the US Congress It is retrospective and contains a country wise discussion of the state of human rights. Earlier in March 2021, Freedom in […]

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Express Governance Awards

April 7, 2021

Express Governance Awards Why in news? A total of 16 district magistrates were honoured with The Indian Express Excellence in Governance Awards for their pioneering work across categories that range from Agriculture to Education and Technology to Women Development. About The Express Governance Awards The award is organized and presented by The Indian Express. It is a […]

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Identification of SCs and STs in India

April 7, 2021

Identification of SCs and STs in India Why in news? A recent verdict of the Supreme Court led to a lot of criticism from political parties and others who argued that it amounts to dilution of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. A two judge bench of the Supreme […]

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UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF)

April 6, 2021

UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF) Why in news? India has announced to gift 200,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccine to the UN peacekeeper forces for free. The announcement was made by the External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar while addressing the UN Security Council meeting on COVID-19. About UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF) United Nations Peacekeeping is a joint effort […]

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Global Gender Gap Report 2021

April 6, 2021

Global Gender Gap Report 2021 Why in news? World Economic Forum has released the Global Gender Gap Report 2021. India has fallen 28 places in the report India has ranked 140 among 156 countries in Global Gender Gap Index 2021, which is 28 spots lower than its 2020 ranking. Iceland has topped the rankings for […]

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Shifting ‘Health’ To The Concurrent List

April 5, 2021

Shifting ‘Health’ To The Concurrent List Why in news? Fifteenth Finance Commission Chairman N.K. Singh said that health should be shifted to the Concurrent list under the Constitution. At present, ‘Health’ is under the State List. Bringing health into the Concurrent list would give the Centre greater flexibility to enact regulatory changes and reinforce the obligation of all stakeholders […]

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Vajra Prahar 2021

April 5, 2021

Vajra Prahar 2021 Why in news? Recently, Special Forces of India and the USA conducted the joint military exercise ‘VAJRA PRAHAR 2021’ in Himachal Pradesh. Earlier, India and the USA navy had carried out a two-day Passage Exercise (PASSEX) in the eastern Indian Ocean Region.  Vajra Prahar 2021 About Vajra Prahar  Vajra Prahar is the joint military exercise between […]

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National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM)

April 3, 2021

National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM) Why in news? The National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM) is being implemented by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB). NAQUIM envisages mapping of aquifers (water bearing formations), their characterization and development of Aquifer Management Plans to facilitate sustainable management of groundwater resources. About NAQUIM It was initiated as a part of the Ground Water Management and […]

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Suez Canal Blockage

April 3, 2021

Suez Canal Blockage Why in news? A container ship called the ‘Ever Given’ was freed from the Suez Canal on March 29, 2021, a week after it ran aground and blocked other vessels from transiting one of the world’s most important waterways. A human-made waterway, the Suez Canal is one of the world’s most heavily […]

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NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite (NISAR)

April 2, 2021

NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite (NISAR) Why in news? NASA and ISRO are collaborating on developing an SUV-sized satellite called NISAR, which will detect movements of the planet’s surface as small as 0.4 inches over areas about half the size of a tennis court. The satellite will be launched in 2022 from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh) into […]

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TEESTA Water-Sharing Pact

April 2, 2021

TEESTA Water-Sharing Pact Why in news? PM while on his tour of Bangladesh assured his best to ink the long-awaited deal over the Teesta and other common rivers. On at least two occasions—2011 and 2017—Bangladesh and India came close to signing a deal on the Teesta. About Teesta river Teesta river is a tributary of the Brahmaputra (known […]

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Champion Services Sector Scheme

April 1, 2021

Champion Services Sector Scheme Why in news? Union Cabinet has approved the proposal of Ministry of Commerce and Industry to give focused attention to 12 identified Champion Services Sectors (CSS) for promoting their development and realizing their potential. Champion Services Sector Scheme It is a Central Sector, umbrella scheme of Department of Commerce for the […]

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Hate Crimes in India

April 1, 2021

Hate Crimes in India Why in news? Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) quashed Hate Crime proceedings initiated against a senior journalist for a Facebook post. The SC ruled that petitioners’ social media post was only an expression of truth in the face of persecution. What Is Hate Crime? Hate crime is a crime, typically involving violence, that is motivated by prejudice […]

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World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

March 31, 2021

World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives Why in news? The World Bank has published the World Development Report 2021:Data for Better Lives. The World Development Report 2021 provides a blueprint on how to harness the power of data for development, to ensure no one is left behind. Recommendations of report Increase Data use to Realize Value: The experts […]

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The National Commission For Allied And Healthcare Professions Bill 2020

March 31, 2021

The National Commission For Allied And Healthcare Professions Bill 2020 Why in News? Recently, the National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2020 was passed by the Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to regulate and standardise the education and practice of allied and healthcare professionals. The group of allied professionals is large and the Bill is trying to […]

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Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism In India

March 31, 2021

Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism In India Why in news? Supreme Court judge, Justice N.V. Ramana, has outlined a three-pronged approach, with special focus on alternative dispute resolution, to reverse the nearly 4 crore pendency in courts across the country. Justice Ramana, who is next in line to be the Chief Justice of India as per the seniority norm, […]

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The Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill 2021

March 27, 2021

The Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill 2021 Why in news? | The Juvenile Justice (Care And Protection Of Children) Amendment Bill 2021   Recently, the Lok Sabha passed the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021 that seeks to strengthen and streamline the provisions for protection and adoption of children. The Bill amends the Juvenile […]

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India-France Space Cooperation

March 27, 2021

India-France Space Cooperation Why in news? India and France are working on their third joint satellite mission, even as the bilateral space collaboration is entering into multiple domains, including human spaceflight programme France is the biggest partner of India in space According to ISRO officials, ISRO and French space agency CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales) […]

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Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020

March 26, 2021

Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 Why in news? After India conferred the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 on Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Father of Nation in Bangladesh.) Bangladesh felt an honour for the Father of the Nation to be bestowed with the prestigious award. Gandhi Peace Prize 2020 The jury for the prize consisted PM […]

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Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

March 26, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi Why in news? The Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN) It is a single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the profits of Health and Education Cess. In the 2018 Budget, the Central government announced replacement of existing 3% Education Cess by 4% Health and Education Cass. […]

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Gram UJALA scheme

March 25, 2021

Gram UJALA scheme Why in news? Recently, the Government has launched the Gram UJALA Programme – an ambitious scheme offering the world’s cheapest LED bulbs in rural areas at a mere Rs. 10. About GRAM UJALA Programme It is a customized program for rural India, based uniquely and innovatively on carbon finance. Under the programme, 7 watts and 12-Watt LED […]

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Draft Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2021

March 25, 2021

Draft Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2021 Why in news? The draft Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2021, issued by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on March 11, has necessitated a few changes in the country’s handling of its plastic waste. In a bid to make India free of single-use plastic […]

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Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad)

March 25, 2021

Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) Why in news? The first formal summit of the heads of state of the four-member group of nations known as the `Quadrilateral Security Dialogue’ (Quad) (India, the US, Japan & Australia) is a significant development. This meeting is being held at the initiative of the US President Joe Biden. The first […]

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“Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain” Campaign

March 25, 2021

“Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain” Campaign Why in news? Indian Prime Minister launched the ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain’ campaign on World Water Day i.e. on 22nd March 2021. About Catch the Rain Campaign Catch the Rain is a Jan Andolan campaign. It aims to take water conservation at the grass-roots level through people’s […]

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1994 Verdict: Mosques aren’t essential to Islam

March 20, 2021

1994 Verdict: Mosques aren’t essential to Islam What is the issue? The Supreme Court in the “Ismail Faruqui vs. Union of India Case – 1994” ruled that the Mosques are not fundamental to Islam. However there are inherent flaws in such a notion and the subsequent verdict that needs to be reviewed. What are the […]

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1st International Child Sexual Abuse Conference

March 20, 2021

1st International Child Sexual Abuse Conference Why in News? 1st international child sexual abuse conference being held in Kolkata on 14-15 Dec 2018 Why this meet is being held in India? The global meet comes close on the heels of reports that India accounted for around 2.4 million instances of online child sexual abuse last […]

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‘Replace’ Campaign By WHO

March 20, 2021

‘Replace’ Campaign By WHO Why in news? The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched ‘REPLACE’ campaign to eliminate industrially-produced artificial Trans-fats from the global food supply by 2023. ‘REPLACE’ campaign by WHO: WHO estimates that every year, trans fat intake leads to over 5,00,000 deaths worldwide from cardiovascular diseases. Industrially-produced Trans-fats are contained in hardened […]

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Nobel Prize For Physics 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Physics 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

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Nobel Prize For Peace 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Peace 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

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Nobel Prize For Medicine 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Medicine 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

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Nobel Prize For Chemistry 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Chemistry 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

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Lily Thomas Case

March 17, 2021

Lily Thomas Case Introduction Born in Kottayam, Kerala, Lily Thomas joined Madras High Court in 1955 and later went on to become the first woman to complete the LLM course from Madras University. She was the first woman in India to qualify for an LLM degree. Lily Thomas case (2013) Lily Thomas and an NGO Lok Prahari challenged […]

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SOCIAL VACCINE

March 16, 2021

SOCIAL VACCINE Why In News? The Union Health Minister has recently asserted that lockdowns and social distancing are the most effective “social vaccines” available to fight the pandemic (Covid-19). What Is A Social Vaccine?  A social vaccine is a metaphor for a series of social and behavioural measures that governments can use to raise public consciousness about unhealthy situations through social mobilisation It addresses barriers […]

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Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

March 16, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi Why in news? The Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN) as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the proceeds of Health and Education Cess. The proceeds of Health and Education Cess are levied under Section 136-b of Finance Act, 2007. In the 2018 Budget, the Central government while announcing Ayushman […]

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Mobilising Electric Vehicle Financing In India Report By NITI Aayog

March 16, 2021

Mobilising Electric Vehicle Financing In India Report By NITI Aayog Why in news? NITI Aayog and Rocky Mountain Institute(RMI) India jointly releases a new report titled ‘Mobilising Electric Vehicle Financing in India’. The report highlights the role of finance in India’s transition to electric vehicles(EVs). Further, the report also identifies solutions for capital and financing […]

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China’s First Downstream Dam On Brahmaputra

March 15, 2021

China’s First Downstream Dam On Brahmaputra Why in news? A draft of China’s new Five-Year Plan (2021-2025), has given the green light for the first dams to be built on the lower reaches of Yarlung Zangbo river, as the Brahmaputra is known in Tibet, before it flows into India. About the project This will be […]

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Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA)

March 15, 2021

Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) Why in news? According to a recent World Bank report, transport connectivity between India and Bangladesh has the potential to increase national income by as much as 17 percent in Bangladesh and 8 percent in India. The World Bank report Titled “Connecting to Thrive: Challenges and Opportunities of Transport Integration […]

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Bibek Debroy Committee On Railways

March 13, 2021

Bibek Debroy Committee On Railways Introduction The Union Cabinet approved restructuring of the Railway Board in 2019 which was in line with the recommendations of numerous committees, notably Rakesh Mohan (2001) and the Bibek Debroy panel (2015). The eight railway services to be integrated into a central service called the Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS). All employees at the management level will come into the […]

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Recent Ordinances In The Agriculture Sector

March 13, 2021

Recent Ordinances In The Agriculture Sector Introduction After the announcement of the landmark decisions by the Government of India for reforms in the agricultural sector for raising the income of the farmers as part of the ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, the President of India has promulgated the following Ordinances with the aim of giving a […]

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Namami Gange and National Mission for Ganga (NMCG)

March 13, 2021

Namami Gange and National Mission for Ganga (NMCG) Introduction Ganga basin is considered as the world’s populous river basin and is home for more than 600 million urban rural Indian populations. With that the incidence of deep and multifaceted poverty is high in the basin and the water and sanitation infrastructure is either absent or […]

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Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

March 13, 2021

Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme Why in news? The Central Silk Board (CSB) under the Ministry of Textiles and the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for a “convergence model” in order to implement the “Agro-forestry in silk sector” under the “Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme”. The Government […]

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Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) Technology

March 13, 2021

Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) Technology Why in news? The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on Friday successfully carried out a flight demonstration based on Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) technology from Integrated Test Range (ITR) Chandipur off the coast of Odisha. Successful demonstration of SFDR technology has provided DRDO with a technological advantage, […]

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PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED

March 12, 2021

PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED Why in news? Minisiry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) Scheme for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid connected solar and other renewable power plants in the country. The scheme aims o add solar and other renewable […]

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New Disinvestment Policy

March 12, 2021

New Disinvestment Policy Why in news? In recent budget 2021-22, government announced a new policy for central public sector enterprises (CPSEs). Under the new policy, there will be a clear cut roadmap for disinvestment of government-owned firms across different sectors. Under the roadmap of new policy, there will be classification of sectors into 2 groups […]

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Treaty On Prohibition Of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

March 10, 2021

Treaty On Prohibition Of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) Why in news? The UN Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) entered into force on 22 January 2021. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had approved the “Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons” in the year 2017. However, the nine countries that possess the nuclear weapons […]

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Bodo Peace Accord

March 10, 2021

Bodo Peace Accord Why in news? First anniversary of the 3rd Bodo Peace Accord was celebrated in Assam recently. In February 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Assam government and the Bodo groups signed a tripartite agreement to redraw, rename and changing power-sharing agreement in the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) in Assam. […]

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ECOTOURISM IN INDIA

March 10, 2021

ECOTOURISM IN INDIA Introduction Eco-tourism refers to ecologically sustainable tourism to areas having ecological and biological diversity or is of environmental interest to ecologically conscious individuals. Generally speaking, the definition of ecotourism varies.  Some deem tourism to ecologically sensitive or interesting areas as ecotourism, while some define it as responsible tourism which aims to minimise […]

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DRY AGRICULTURE

March 10, 2021

DRY AGRICULTURE What is Dryland Agriculture? Dryland Agriculture  refers to cultivation of crops entirely under natural rainfall without irrigation.  It is a form of subsistence farming in the regions where deficit of the soil moisture retards the growth of water consuming crops like rice (Oryza sativa), sugarcane etc.  Dryland areas are characterized by low and erratic rainfall […]

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Classical Dances Of India

March 10, 2021

Classical Dances Of India Introduction Excavations, inscriptions, chronicles, genealogies of kings and artists, literary sources, sculpture and painting of different periods provide extensive evidence on dance in India. Contemporary classical dance forms have evolved out of the musical play or sangeet-nataka performed from the 12th century to the 19th century. The Indian classical dances have two […]

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Agro Climatic Regions Of India

March 10, 2021

Agro Climatic Regions Of India What is Agro-Climatic Zone? Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) defined an agro-climatic zone (ACZ) as a land unit represented accurately or precisely in terms of major climate and growing period, which is climatically suitable for certain range of crops and cultivars. In other words, it is an extension of the […]

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4D and 3D Printers

March 10, 2021

4D and 3D Printers What is 3D Printing? 3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. The creation of a 3D printed object is achieved using additive processes. In an additive process an object is created by laying down successive layers of material until the […]

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New Umbrella Entity Licence

March 10, 2021

New Umbrella Entity Licence Why in news? The Reserve Bank India (RBI) had released the framework for authorisation of pan-India umbrella entity for retail payments, which will rival National Payments Council of India (NPCI), on August 18, 2020, and invited applications from interested entities. The process for complying with the framework prescriptions, a timeline of […]

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Sub-Categorization Of OBC

March 9, 2021

Sub-Categorization Of OBC Why in news? On January 21, the Centre has extended the tenure of The Commission to Examine Sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) headed by Justice G Rohini, former Chief Justice of Delhi High Court. The commission now has until July 31 to submit its report. About The Commission The Commission was constituted under […]

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4G Spectrum Auction

March 9, 2021

4G Spectrum Auction   Why In News? Recently 4g Spectrum Auction was held on 1 March and Jio becomes the biggest buyer The spectrum auction bid ends at INR 77,815 crore What Are Spectrum Auctions? Spectrum is a range of radio waves used for communication purposes. It would include FM and AM radio broadcasts too and […]

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India Mauritius Defence Relations

March 9, 2021

India Mauritius Defence Relations Why in news? India and Mauritius signed a $100 million Defence Line of Credit agreement This agreement is part of the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) between India and Mauritius. The India-Mauritius CECPA is the first trade agreement signed by India with a country in Africa. Using the new framework under the CECPA, India […]

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China’s Polar Silk Road

March 9, 2021

China’s Polar Silk Road Why in news? As the ice-covered parts of the Arctic Ocean melt due to climate change, China has flagged its interest to take part in building “Polar Silk Road”, raising prospects for the emergence of a new sea route. China has outlined its ambitions to extend Belt and Road Initiative to the Arctic […]

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Lal Bahadur Shastri as a PM

March 8, 2021

Lal Bahadur Shastri as a PM Introduction [Lal Bahadur Shastri as a PM] Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904 (a date of birth he shares with Mahatma Gandhi) in Mughalsarai near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His father Sharada Prasad Srivastava was a school teacher who died when Shastri was not yet two […]

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Transformation of India from a Colony to Democracy

March 8, 2021

Transformation of India from a Colony to Democracy Introduction Of Electoral Politics In India After adoption of constitution on January 26, 1950, It was necessary to install the first democratically elected government of the country. The election commission of India was set up in January 1950 with a constitutional provision to conduct free and fair […]

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Shaping the Newly Independent India

March 8, 2021

Introduction [Shaping the Newly Independent India ] “Partition” – the division of British India into the two separate states of India and Pakistan on August 14-15, 1947 – was the “last-minute” mechanism by which the British were able to secure agreement over how independence would take place. At the time, few people understood what Partition would […]

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Shaping the Newly Independent India Part-3

March 8, 2021

Shaping the Newly Independent India Part-3 Issue of language The language problem was the most divisive issue in the first twenty years of independent India. Linguistic identity during first 20 years after independence had become a strong force in all societies. Due to diversity in languages, this language issue became more difficult to tackle. The […]

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Shaping the Newly Independent India(Part-2)

March 8, 2021

Shaping the Newly Independent India(Part-2) Consolidation Of States In Independent India The rehabilitation on East took years and it was more difficult because of constant exodus of Hindus from East Bengal continued for years. After handling this worst nightmare of Partition, Indian leadership had strived to consolidate India from within and look after its internal […]

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Lal Bahadur Shastri Phase in India

March 8, 2021

Lal Bahadur Shastri Phase in India Introduction  [Lal Bahadur Shastri Phase in India] Lal Bahadur Shastri was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, a key figure in the Indian Independence movement, and India’s second Prime Minister. He succeeded Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, after the latter’s sudden demise. He is remembered for leading India though the Indo-Pakistan War […]

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Indra Gandhi Phase in India

March 8, 2021

Indra Gandhi Phase in India Introduction Indira Gandhi , in full Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, (born November 19, 1917, Allahabad, India —died October 31, 1984, New Delhi ), Indian politician who was the first female prime minister of India, serving for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term from 1980 until she was assassinated in 1984. […]

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Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-2)

March 8, 2021

Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-2) Introduction At the time of independence India was bequeathed with a shattered economy, widespread illiteracy and shocking poverty. The entire politico economics structure has to be reconstructed for genuine development of the country. Economic Development and Planning Mixed Economy Model (Socialism) Post Independence, apart from extreme poverty, illiteracy, […]

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Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-1)

March 8, 2021

Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-1) Introduction At the time of independence India was bequeathed with a shattered economy, widespread illiteracy and shocking poverty. The entire politico economics structure has to be reconstructed for genuine development of the country. Economic Development and Planning Mixed Economy Model (Socialism) Post Independence, apart from extreme poverty, illiteracy, […]

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National Program and Project Management Policy Framework (NPMPF)

March 6, 2021

National Program and Project Management Policy Framework (NPMPF) About National Program and Project Management Policy Framework (NPMPF) It is developed by NITI Aayog and the Quality Council of India which proposed a four-level certification system for project managers linked to project scale. It is envisaged to bring radical reforms in the way infrastructure projects are […]

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Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

March 6, 2021

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) Introduction Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is a village development project under which each Member of Parliament (MP) owned the responsibility to develop the institutional and physical infrastructure in three villages by 2019. The scheme aims to develop five ‘Adarsh Villages’ or ‘Model Villages’ by 2024. Objectives           To trigger processes […]

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Smart Fencing Of Indian Borders

March 6, 2021

Smart Fencing Of Indian Borders Introduction Indian Army is working on converting the existing border fence into a smart fence integrated with several sensors through a hybrid model. The smart border fencing projects built under the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) programme is the first of its kind in the country. The smart fencing […]

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Television Rating In India

March 6, 2021

Television Rating In India Introduction Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has constituted a committee to review guidelines on Television Rating agencies in India. In 2014, Ministry of I&B formulated policy guidelines for Television Rating Agencies to operate in India. o 2014 guidelines provide for self- regulation of television ratings through an industry-led body like Broadcast […]

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World Energy Outlook, 2020

March 6, 2021

World Energy Outlook, 2020 Introduction The World Energy Outlook, the IEA’s flagship publication, provides a comprehensive view of how the global energy system could develop in the coming decades. This year’s exceptional circumstances require an exceptional approach. The usual long-term modelling horizons are kept but the focus for the World Energy Outlook 2020 is firmly […]

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Elections During Covid Times

March 6, 2021

Elections During Covid Times Introduction Some experts estimate the coronavirus pandemic to last for two years. One of the cascading effects of the COVID-19 pandemic has been its impact on conducting elections. Some countries have pushed ahead with elections. Deferring elections for such a long duration could go against the spirit of democracy and federalism – the […]

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Data Governance Quality Index

March 6, 2021

Data Governance Quality Index Introduction Data Governance Quality Index Report, a Survey conducted by Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO), NITI Aayog to assess different Ministries /Departments’ performance on the implementation of Central Sector Schemes (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS). About Data Governance Quality Index It is a survey conducted by Development Monitoring and Evaluation […]

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Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS)

March 6, 2021

Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS) About Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP) Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP-I) was undertaken in the year 2012 for comprehensive rehabilitation and improvement of 223 dam projects in seven States of India till 2020. DRIP Phase II & Phase III will be implemented over a period of 10 […]

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Core Sectors In India

March 6, 2021

Core Sectors In India What are core sectors? Core industry can be defined as the main industry which has a multiplier effect on the economy. In most countries, there is particular industry that seems to be backbone of all other industries and it qualifies to be the core industry. The Eight Core Industries comprise 40.27% of the weight of […]

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Circular Bio economy

March 6, 2021

Circular Bio economy About Circular Bio economy The “Circular Bio economy” is defined as the intersection of bio economy and circular economy. The bio economy substitutes fossil carbon by renewable carbon from biomass from agriculture, forestry and marine environment (including by-products and wastes). A circular economy is an industrial system that is restorative or regenerative […]

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2nd meeting of India-Central Asia Dialogue

March 6, 2021

2nd meeting of India-Central Asia Dialogue Introduction The 2nd meeting of the India-Central Asia Dialogue was held in the digital video-conference format  under the chairmanship of the External Affairs Minister of India. Foreign Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Republic of Uzbekistan as well as First Deputy Foreign Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic participated […]

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New Coronavirus Strain

March 6, 2021

New Coronavirus Strain Why in news? According to a new study published in the journal JAMA, it has been found that some of the lingering symptoms of COVID-19 persist nine months after they come to the forefront. The study found that coronavirus can cause symptoms or medical complications that go on for weeks and months even […]

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Regulation of NBFCs

March 6, 2021

Regulation of NBFCs Why in news? The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has suggested a tougher regulatory framework for the non-banking finance companies’ (NBFC) sector to prevent the recurrence of any systemic risk to the country’s financial system. In its discussion paper on revised regulatory framework for NBFCs, the RBI has said the regulatory and […]

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DIGITAL LENDING

March 6, 2021

Why In News? Recently there has been many frauds related to digital lending in the country thus RBI has released an advisory on digital lending apps RBI has asked individuals plus small businesses not to fall prey to the growing number of unauthorised digital lending platforms and mobile applications to get quicker loans. The Working […]

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Women In Indian Agriculture

March 6, 2021

Women In Indian Agriculture Why in news? The recent farmer’s protest have shifted the focus on the role and contribution of rural women in agriculture. Contribution Of Women In Agriculture Sector The central role of women in any society ensures stability, progress and long-term development of a nation. In agriculture sector primary focus is given […]

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Bills On Agriculture In 2020

March 6, 2021

Introduction | Bills On Agriculture In 2020  Three Bills on agriculture reforms were introduced in the Parliament to replace the ordinances issued during the lockdown The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, […]

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India-UNSC Relations

March 6, 2021

Why In News? | India-UNSC Relations India recently started its 8th tenure as non-permanent member at United nations security council starting from 1 Jan 2021 for 1 year. There were 5 total countries which got seat as non-permanent member at UNSC. These includes India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway. India will function as the president […]

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Indian Farmers Protest 2020-2021

March 6, 2021

Indian Farmers Protest 2020-2021 Importance Of Agriculture Sector For India  The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization and in some parts of Southern India, it was found to be practised even before the Harappans. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in India. It accounts for around 18% of GDP. According […]

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