CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

Mussoorie Times

Zika Virus Disease

July 31, 2021

Zika Virus Disease Why in news? Recently, Zika Virus Disease (ZVD) was reported for the first time in Kerala. About Zika Virus The Zika virus is predominantly transmitted by infected mosquitoes from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti. The Aedes mosquitoes also spread dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. They usually bite during the daytime, mostly during the early […]

Read More

Naga Peace Talks

July 31, 2021

Naga Peace Talks Why in news? Recently, the Nagaland Government appealed to all Naga political groups and extremist groups to cooperate in establishing unity, reconciliation and peace in the region. The peace process between the central government and two sets of the Naga extremist groups has been delaying for more than 23 years. Who are the Nagas? […]

Read More

Indian Labour Conference

July 31, 2021

Indian Labour Conference Why in news? Recently, the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (labour union) wrote to the Prime Minister asking him to convene the Indian Labour Conference (ILC). It argued that since Indian Parliament has ratified Convention No 144 of the International Labour Organisation, it is now India’s legal obligation to hold the ILC in order to strengthen the tripartite mechanism. About Indian […]

Read More

Moon’s Wobble Effect

July 30, 2021

Moon’s Wobble Effect Why in news? Recently, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has highlighted Moon’s Wobble as a potential problem in the near future. Key Finding of Study The study aimed to untangle all of those variables in an effort to improve predictions about the future of floods. Rising temperatures caused by greenhouse gas emissions are not the […]

Read More

New Commission for Air Quality Management

July 30, 2021

New Commission for Air Quality Management Why in news? The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is set to table the Commission for Air Quality Management in the National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021 in Parliament during the Monsoon Session. Background The Centre dissolved it after five months as the ordinance lapsed after failing to become […]

Read More

India’s Tibet Policy

July 28, 2021

India’s Tibet Policy Why in news? Recently, some Chinese nationals protested against the celebration of the birthday of the Dalai Lama in India. The Dalai Lama and Tibet is one of the major irritants between India and China relations. China considers the Dalai Lama a separatist, who has great influence over Tibetans. India seeks to use […]

Read More

Section 66A of the IT Act

July 28, 2021

Section 66A of the IT Act Why in news? The Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Centre on the use of Section 66A of the Information Technology Act, 2000 that was scrapped several years ago. The court struck down the provision as unconstitutional and a violation of free speech in 2015 in the Shreya Singhal Case. The IT Act, 2000 provides for legal recognition […]

Read More

Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)

July 27, 2021

Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) Why in news? According to a recent survey, more than 55% did not receive Supplementary Nutrition under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) in Jharkhand even once in the first six months of 2021. Vulnerability of Jharkhand As per National Family Health Survey-4 data, every second child in the state is stunted and underweight and every third […]

Read More

GI Certified Bhalia Wheat: Gujarat

July 27, 2021

GI Certified Bhalia Wheat: Gujarat Why in news? Recently, the first shipment of Geographical Indication (GI) certified Bhalia variety of wheat was exported to Kenya and Sri Lanka from Gujarat. About Bhalia Variety of Wheat GI certified wheat has high protein content and has sweet taste. It is grown mostly across Bhal region of Gujarat. It is also grown in […]

Read More

Central Information Commission (CIC)

July 24, 2021

Central Information Commission (CIC) Why in news? The Supreme Court has directed the Union of India and all States to file status reports on the latest developments regarding vacancies and pendency in the Central Information Commission (CIC) and State Information Commissions (SICs). Central Information Commission Composition Members in CIC – The CIC is headed by the Chief Information Commissioner and not more than […]

Read More

Lambda Variant of Covid-19

July 24, 2021

Lambda Variant of Covid-19 Why in news? After the cases of Delta Variant of Covid-19 continuously rising, a new variant called Lambda Variant (LV) is emerging as a new threat. Lambda Variant is dominant in Peru, India has not yet reported any case of LV. About Lambda variant Lambda variant has been rampant in Peru where 81% of COVID-19 cases since April […]

Read More

Baihetan Dam- World’s Second Biggest Hydropower Dam

July 20, 2021

Baihetan Dam- World’s Second Biggest Hydropower Dam Why in news? Recently, China has put into operation the Baihetan Dam, world’s Second Biggest Hydropower Dam. The Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydropower dam in the world and is also along China’s Yangtze River. It began operations in 2003. About the dam The Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydropower dam in the world and […]

Read More

One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) system

July 20, 2021

One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) system Why in news? The Supreme Court has directed all states and UTs to implement the One Nation, One Ration Card system. ONORC Scheme The ONORC scheme is aimed at enabling migrant workers and their family members to buy subsidized ration from any fair price shop anywhere in the country […]

Read More

Gujarat Prohibition Act 1949

July 14, 2021

Gujarat Prohibition Act 1949 Why in news? Recently, the Gujarat Prohibition Act, 1949 has been challenged before the Gujarat High Court, more than seven decades after it came into effect as the Bombay Prohibition Act. The prohibition on manufacture, sale and consumption of liquor in the state vide the Gujarat Prohibition Act, 1949, has been challenged on grounds of […]

Read More

Agni-P (Prime)

July 14, 2021

Agni-P (Prime) Why in news? A new generation nuclear-capable ballistic missile Agni-P (Prime) was successfully test-fired by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). About Agni-P (Prime) Agni P is a new generation advanced variant of the Agni class of missiles. It is christened Agni Prime. It has a range capability between 1,000 and 2,000 kms. It can […]

Read More

US’ Digital Millennium Copyright Act

July 13, 2021

US’ Digital Millennium Copyright Act Why in news? Recently, the Union Minister for Electronics and Information Technology was locked out of his Twitter account for an hour allegedly over a notice received for violation of the US’ Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) 1998. What is the Digital Millennium Copyright Act? It is a law passed in […]

Read More

Link between Air Quality and Covid-19

July 13, 2021

Link between Air Quality and Covid-19 Why in news? For the first time, a pan-India study has found a direct correlation between air pollution and Covid-19. The study found that areas with poor air quality and higher emissions of particulate matter (PM) 2.5 are more likely to have Covid-19 infections and related deaths. About the study The study titled ‘Establishing a […]

Read More

Fugitive Economic Offenders Act 2018

July 10, 2021

Fugitive Economic Offenders Act 2018 Why in news? Recently, assets worth Rs. 329.66 crore of the Punjab National Bank (PNB) fraud Nirav Modi have been confiscated under Section 12(2) and (8) of the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018. In this money laundering case, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) has so far attached properties valued at Rs. 2,348 crore. The properties were […]

Read More

52nd Tiger Reserve of India

July 10, 2021

52nd Tiger Reserve of India Why in news? Recently, the Ramgarh Vishdhari wildlife sanctuary received a nod from the National Tiger Conservation Authority’s (NTCA) technical committee to become the 4th Tiger reserve of Rajasthan. This will be the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India. The Global Tiger Day, celebrated on 29th July, is an annual event marked to raise awareness about tiger conservation. Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary This Sanctuary […]

Read More

Proposal to Ban ‘Flash sales’ on E-commerce Sites

July 9, 2021

Proposal to Ban ‘Flash sales’ on E-commerce Sites Why in news? The government proposed changes to the Consumer Protection (e-commerce) Rules 2020, banning all “flash sales” in order to monitor the deep discounts offered on e-commerce websites. Key changes Registration mandatory: E-commerce companies would need to register with the Department of Promotion for Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). Selling […]

Read More

Increase in Direct Tax Collections

July 9, 2021

Increase in Direct Tax Collections Why in news? India’s direct tax collections in the first two and a half months (April – June) of 2021-22 stand at nearly Rs. 1.86 lakh crore, which is double the collections over the same period of last year that was affected by the national lockdown. It includes Corporation Tax collections and […]

Read More

Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)

July 8, 2021

Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN) Why in news? The Ministry of Science and Technology has issued a Special Call for the NorthEast Region as a part of its Mission Programme “Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)”. The NER has untapped potential to enhance the income of the farming population by promotion of location specific crops, horticultural […]

Read More

Delimitation in Jammu and Kashmir

July 8, 2021

Delimitation in Jammu and Kashmir Why in news? Recently, the delimitation exercise has started in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). The completion of the delimitation exercise will mark the political process in the Union Territory (UT) that has been under Centre’s rule since June 2018. After the abrogation of its special status under Article 370, on 5th […]

Read More

Herbicide Tolerant Bt (HTBt) Cotton

July 5, 2021

Herbicide Tolerant Bt (HTBt) Cotton Why in news? The illegal cultivation of Herbicide Tolerant (HT) Bt cotton has seen a huge jump as the sale of illegal seed packets has more than doubled from 30 lakh in 2020 to 75 lakh in 2021. What is HTBt Cotton?  This variety (HtBt) involves the addition of another gene, ‘Cp4-Epsps’ from another soil […]

Read More

Depleting Nutrients In Wheat And Rice: ICAR study

July 5, 2021

Depleting Nutrients In Wheat And Rice: ICAR study Why in news? Recently, researchers from various institutes under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya found depleting trends in grain density of zinc and iron in rice and wheat cultivated in India. The researchers collected seeds of rice (16 varieties) and wheat (18 varieties) from the gene […]

Read More

World Competitiveness Index 2021

July 2, 2021

World Competitiveness Index 2021 Why in news? According to the World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY), India maintained 43rd rank on the annual World Competitiveness Index. The World Competitiveness Index is a comprehensive annual report and worldwide reference point on the competitiveness of countries. About the report Compiled by: Institute for Management Development (IMD). It examined the impact of COVID-19 on economies around the world this […]

Read More

Deep Ocean Mission (DOM)

July 2, 2021

Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) Why in news? Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) on the Deep Ocean Mission (DOM). The blueprint of the DOM to explore the deep recesses of the ocean was unveiled in 2018. Earlier, MoES had also rolled out the draft Blue Economy Policy. About The […]

Read More

Roadmap for Ethanol Blending in India

June 28, 2021

Roadmap for Ethanol Blending in India Why in news? The central government has released an expert committee report on the Roadmap for Ethanol Blending in India by 2025. The roadmap proposes a gradual rollout of ethanol-blended fuel to achieve E10 fuel supply by April 2022 and phased rollout of E20 from April 2023 to April 2025. Key Reccomendations […]

Read More

5 MHz Spectrum Allotted To Indian Railways

June 28, 2021

5 MHz Spectrum Allotted To Indian Railways Why in news? Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the allotment of 5 MHz spectrum in the 700 MHz frequency band to the Indian Railways for improving its communication and signalling systems. About the project The project, targeted to be completed in five years, is estimated to cost over Rs. 25,000 crore. The […]

Read More

Global Economic Prospects Report: World Bank

June 24, 2021

Global Economic Prospects Report: World Bank Why in news? Recently, the World Bank has released its June 2021 Global Economic Prospects where it has forecast India’s GDP growth to be 8.3% for the year 2021-22. Key findings of the report The world economy is expected to expand at 5.6%, the fastest post-recession growth rate in eighty years. However, global output will […]

Read More

Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol

June 24, 2021

Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol Why in news? Recently, the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) through its Operation Pangea XIV targeted the sale of fake medicines and products online. More than 1.10 lakh web links, including websites and online marketplaces, were taken down in the operation. Operation Pangea XIV Code-named “Operation Pangea XIV”, the exercise was coordinated by Interpol. It involved the police, […]

Read More

Indemnity and Vaccine Pricing

June 23, 2021

Indemnity and Vaccine Pricing Why in news? Pfizer, which supplies the Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA vaccine, is said to have requested that the government indemnify it from any claim that may arise from vaccine users in the future based on any adverse effects after getting the jab. What is Indemnity? Indemnity is protection to vaccine-makers from legal […]

Read More

Model Panchayat Citizens Charter

June 22, 2021

Model Panchayat Citizens Charter Why in news? The Union Minister of Panchayati Raj released a Model Panchayat Citizens Charter. About the Model Panchayat Citizens Charter It is prepared by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) in collaboration with National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR). It is a framework for delivery of the services across the 29 sectors, aligning actions […]

Read More

Global Minimum Corporate Tax Rate (GMCTR)

June 22, 2021

Global Minimum Corporate Tax Rate (GMCTR) Why in news? Recently, the Finance Ministers from the Group of Seven (G7) nations reached a landmark accord setting a Global Minimum Corporate Tax Rate (GMCTR). A group of the world’s richest nations reached a landmark deal to close cross-border tax loopholes used by some of the world’s biggest companies. The deal […]

Read More

20 Reforms in 2020: Ministry of Defence (MoD)

June 22, 2021

20 Reforms in 2020: Ministry of Defence (MoD) Why in news? The Defence Minister of India, recently, released an E-Book on 20 Defence Reforms in 2020. The compilation provides a brief overview of defence reforms undertaken in the year 2020 by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) to bring about greater cohesion and modernisation of the […]

Read More

SDG India Index 2020-21: NITI Aayog

June 21, 2021

SDG India Index 2020-21: NITI Aayog Why in news? Recently, the third edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index and Dashboard 2020–21 was released by NITI Aayog. The SDG India Index 2020–21 is developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India. SDG India Index The index measures the progress at the national and sub-national level in the country’s journey towards meeting […]

Read More

K.P. Krishnan Expert Committee

June 21, 2021

K.P. Krishnan Expert Committee Why in news? K.P. Krishnan headed expert committee on Variable Capital Company has submitted its report on the feasibility of Variable Capital Companies in the International Financial Services Centres. About the committee The IFSCA set up this Committee to explore the potential for allowing another legal structure, popularly known as a VCC, as an additional option through which asset […]

Read More

Bal Swaraj Portal

June 21, 2021

Bal Swaraj Portal Why in news? According to Bal Swaraj Portal, nearly 10,000 children in India are in immediate need of care and protection. They include children aged between zero and 17 orphaned or abandoned during the COVID-19 pandemic since March 2020. About Bal Swaraj Portal The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), in furtherance to its function […]

Read More

NASA’s New Missions to Venus

June 14, 2021

NASA’s New Missions to Venus Why in news? Recently, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced two new robotic missions to Venus. Earlier, scientists obtained new data about Venus by bouncing radio waves off the planet. Davinci+ The Davinci+ (Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging) mission will: Measure the planet’s atmosphere to gain insight into how it […]

Read More

Project-75I (India)

June 12, 2021

Project-75I (India) Why in news? The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved the issuance of a Request For Proposal (RFP) for the construction of six conventional submarines under Project-75I (India). RFP is a project announcement posted publicly by an organization indicating that bids for contractors to complete the project are sought. What is Project-75? The Project 75I-class submarine is a follow-on of the […]

Read More

Model Tenancy Act

June 12, 2021

Model Tenancy Act Why in news? The Union Cabinet has approved the Model Tenancy Act to be sent to the States and Union Territories to enact legislation or amend laws on rental properties. The draft Act had been published by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in 2019. About Model Tenancy Act The act aims To create a vibrant, sustainable, and […]

Read More

China’s ‘Artificial Sun’ EAST

June 11, 2021

China’s ‘Artificial Sun’ EAST Why in news? Recently, China’s Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) achieved a peak temperature of 288 million degrees Fahrenheit, which is over ten times hotter than the sun. China is not the only country that has achieved high plasma temperatures. In 2020, South Korea’s KSTAR (Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research) reactor set a new record by maintaining a plasma temperature of […]

Read More

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) SDO Recognition Scheme

June 11, 2021

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) SDO Recognition Scheme Why in news? Recently, the Research Design & Standards Organization (RDSO) of Indian Railways has become the first Institution to be declared a Standard Developing Organization (SDO) under One Nation One Standard mission of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). RDSO took the initiative to seek recognition as a Standard Developing Organization (SDO) under the BIS SDO Recognition […]

Read More

Unorganized Workers In India

June 10, 2021

Unorganized Workers In India Why in news? The Supreme Court of India (SC) has directed the Central Government and the State Governments to complete the registration process of unorganized workers so that they can avail the welfare benefits given under various government schemes. More than 82 percent of the workforce in India is employed in the unorganised sector, as noted by the […]

Read More

WhatsApp New Policy And Data Protection In India

June 10, 2021

WhatsApp New Policy And Data Protection In India Why in news? Recently, the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) has sent a notice to WhatsApp asking it to withdraw a controversial update to its privacy policy which might be a threat to Data Protection of Indians. WhatsApp new policy It requires users to consent to sharing transaction data, mobile device information, […]

Read More

Traceability Provision in New IT Rules 2021

June 9, 2021

Traceability Provision in New IT Rules 2021 Why in news? Recently, messaging platform WhatsApp has moved the Delhi High Court to challenge the traceability provision in the New IT Rules 2021. Earlier the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) had sent a notice to WhatsApp asking it to withdraw a controversial update to its privacy policy which might be a […]

Read More

National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA)

June 9, 2021

National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) Why in news? The National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) has prepared a provisional database of companies and auditors that come under its regulatory ambit. NFRA has the mandate to oversee compliance with accounting and auditing standards by certain class of companies, described as Public Interest Entities (PIEs). In 2020, NFRA constituted a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) to aid […]

Read More

NITI Aayog’s Report for a Digitally Inclusive Bharat

June 9, 2021

NITI Aayog’s Report for a Digitally Inclusive Bharat Why in news? The NITI Aayog and Mastercard have released a report titled ‘Connected Commerce: Creating a Roadmap for a Digitally Inclusive Bharat’. The report identifies challenges in accelerating Digital Financial Inclusion (DFI) in India and provides recommendations for making digital services accessible to its 1.3 billion citizens. Challenges In Accelerating Digital Financial Inclusion […]

Read More

Currency Swap Facility

June 8, 2021

Currency Swap Facility Why in news? Recently, Bangladesh cleared a USD 200 million currency swap facility for Sri Lanka, to help boost its economy. What is this Currency Swap Arrangement (CSA)? An arrangement between two friendly countries to involve in trading in their own local currencies. As per the arrangements, both countries pay for import and export trade at […]

Read More

Havana Syndrome

June 8, 2021

Havana Syndrome Why in news? Recently, two US officials have shown symptoms of a mystery illness that is linked to Havana Syndrome. In 2020, a report by the National Academies of Sciences (NAS), US found directed microwave radiation to be the plausible cause of the Havana syndrome. According to leading experts in the field, in recent years portable microwave weapons with the capability to cause the mysterious series of “Havana […]

Read More

Protected Planet Report 2020

June 8, 2021

Protected Planet Report 2020 Why in news? The report, titled Protected Planet Report 2020, underlined the progress the world has made toward the ambitious goals agreed by countries in 2010 at the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Key Findings of the Report Increase in OECMs: Since OECMs were first recorded in 2019, these areas have added a further […]

Read More

NASA’s OSIRIS-Rex Mission

June 4, 2021

NASA’s OSIRIS-Rex Mission Why In News? Recently, NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft departed from asteroid Bennu, and started its two-year long journey back to Earth. OSIRIS-REx is NASA’s first mission to visit a near-Earth asteroid The mission was launched by NASA in September 2016, with an aim to collect and carry at least 60 g (2.1 oz) asteroid samples back to […]

Read More

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2021-22

June 4, 2021

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2021-22 Why In News? The Government has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds from May 2021 to September 2021 after the consultation with RBI. Key Points The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be issued in six tranches from 17th May to September 2021. The Bonds will be sold through Scheduled Commercial banks […]

Read More

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016

June 4, 2021

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 2016 Why in news? Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA) is an act passed by the Parliament in 2016 that came into effect fully from 1st May, 2017. It seeks to protect home-buyers as well as help boost investments in the real estate sector by bringing efficiency and transparency in the sale/purchase […]

Read More

Elephant Conservation In India

June 4, 2021

Elephant Conservation In India Why in news? According to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), a total of 186 elephants were killed after being hit by trains across India between 2009-10 and 2020-21. Data Analysis Assam accounted for the highest number of elephant casualties on railway tracks (62), followed by West Bengal (57), and Odisha (27). Uttar Pradesh saw a single death. Concerns Human-elephant conflict. […]

Read More

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana – PMSSY

June 2, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana – PMSSY Why in news? Setting up of 22 new regional AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) has been approved under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) so far. About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) PMSSY was announced in 2003 with objectives of correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/ reliable tertiary […]

Read More

Formation Of Malerkotla : 23rd District Of Punjab

June 2, 2021

Formation Of Malerkotla : 23rd District Of Punjab Why in news? Recently, the Punjab government has announced the formation of Malerkotla as the 23rd district of the state. Section 5 of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887 says the “State government may, by notification, vary the limits and alter the numbers of tehsils, districts and divisions into which the State is […]

Read More

Black – White Fungus And Yellow Fungus

June 2, 2021

Black – White Fungus And Yellow Fungus Why in news? Black, White and Yellow fungal infections have been attributed to COVID-19 and led to prolonged morbidity and mortality in COVID-19 patients. What Is Fungus? A fungus is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds etc. It […]

Read More

Section 142 of the Social Security Code 2020

May 31, 2021

Section 142 of the Social Security Code 2020 Why in news? The labour ministry has notified section 142 of the social security code. The Union government has made Aadhaar mandatory for availing social security benefits, and for registration on a national informal workers’ database being developed for migrants. Section 142 It says that Aadhaar details are compulsory […]

Read More

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2021-22

May 31, 2021

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2021-22 Why In News? The Government has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds from May 2021 to September 2021 after the consultation with RBI. Key Points The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be issued in six tranches from 17th May to September 2021. The Bonds will be sold through Scheduled Commercial banks […]

Read More

High-Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT)

May 31, 2021

High-Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) Why in news? An Intervention Application has been moved before the Allahabad High Court in the COVID Management matter wherein the High Court is taking stock of the surge in COVID-19 cases in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The Application has been moved for directions to State Government to pass appropriate […]

Read More

Post Devolution Revenue Deficit (PDRD) Grant

May 18, 2021

Post Devolution Revenue Deficit (PDRD) Grant Why in news? The Ministry of Finance has released the second monthly instalment of Post Devolution Revenue Deficit (PDRD) Grant of Rs. 9,871 crore for the year 2021-22 to 17 States. Grant details With the release of 2nd installment, a total amount of Rs. 19,742 crore has been released in the first two months of the […]

Read More

Kiran Aggarwal Committee

May 15, 2021

Kiran Aggarwal Committee Introduction The Kiran Aggarwal Committee was constituted by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) under the Union Ministry of personnel public grievances and pensions. The role of this Committee was to give recommendations regarding the overall training or probation period of selected IAS Officers. Issues considered by the Committee The Kiran […]

Read More

SUTRA Model

May 15, 2021

SUTRA Model Why in news? SUTRA model has been used by the Government of India to fight the second wave of COVID 19 pandemic. The prediction for the second wave, however failed and the rising number of cases are a standing proof of the same. The second wave of Covid-19 has claimed thousands of lives since April 2021. […]

Read More

SVAMITVA Scheme

May 12, 2021

SVAMITVA Scheme Why in news? Recently, the Union Minister of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj has issued guidelines regarding the SVAMITVA scheme. The scheme was launched on the National Panchayati Raj Day (April 24). About SVAMITVA Scheme The full form of SVAMITVA is Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas Under the scheme, the latest surveying technology […]

Read More

State of Working India 2021: One Year of Covid-19 report

May 12, 2021

State of Working India 2021: One Year of Covid-19 report Why in news? A report titled ‘State of Working India 2021: One Year of Covid­19’ brought out annually by Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment, Bengaluru has been released. The report covers the period March 2020 to December 2020, dwells on the impact of one year of Covid­-19 on employment, […]

Read More

Supreme Court’s Maratha Quota Verdict

May 11, 2021

Supreme Court’s Maratha Quota Verdict Why in news? A five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court has struck down the Maharashtra law granting reservation to the Maratha community in admissions and government jobs in the state. Background 2017: A 11-member commission headed by Retired Justice N G Gaikwad recommended Marathas should be given reservation under Socially and Educationally Backward Class (SEBC). 2018: Maharashtra Assembly […]

Read More

Organic Farming In India

May 11, 2021

Organic Farming In India Why in news? In a major boost to exports of organic products from the country, the first consignment of millets grown in the Himalayas would be exported to Denmark. APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority) has sourced ragi (finger millet), and jhingora (barnyard millet) from farmers in Uttarakhand for […]

Read More

Moorhen Yoga Mat

May 10, 2021

Moorhen Yoga Mat Why in news? A biodegradable and compostable yoga mat developed from water hyacinth by six young girls from the fishing community in Assam could turn this water plant from a nuisance to wealth. About The Mat The mat called ‘Moorhen Yoga Mat’ will soon be introduced to the world market as a […]

Read More

Legal Metrology Rules 2011

May 10, 2021

Legal Metrology Rules 2011 Why in news? According to the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Importers of medical devices, used particularly for providing oxygen support to Covid-19 patients, are now allowed to import these devices without prior mandatory declaration for the next three months, the said in a notification. About Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 […]

Read More

Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2021

May 8, 2021

Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2021 Why in news? Recently, the Coal and Mines Minister introduced the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Bill, 2021 in Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 which regulates the mining sector in India. About the MMDR Bill 2021 […]

Read More

Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2021 report

May 8, 2021

Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2021 report Why in news? According to the report Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2021, the second wave of Covid-19 can put India’s economic recovery at “risk”. ADO is a series of annual economic reports on the Developing Member Countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Highlights Of Recent Report According to report the Indian economy is expected to contract […]

Read More

KUMBH MELA

May 8, 2021

KUMBH MELA Religious tourism is the backbone of Uttarakhand’s economy . Kumbh Mela  is a mass congregation of pilgrims who gather to take a bath/dip in a sacred river. The festival of Kumbh is not a festival of market or fair, instead it is a festival of knowledge, asceticism and devotion. After 100 years, this […]

Read More

Section 144 of the CrPC

May 7, 2021

Section 144 of the CrPC Why in news? The Karnataka government imposed fresh restrictions after the state reported 21,794 new coronavirus disease (Covid-19) cases, a record single-day spike. For the enforcement of social distancing, Commissioners of Police/Deputy Commissioners may, use the provisions of Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 What is […]

Read More

Shift In Earth’s Axis Due To Climate Change

May 7, 2021

Shift In Earth’s Axis Due To Climate Change Why in news? A study published in Geophysical Research Letters of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) says that due to the significant melting of glaciers because of global temperature rise, Earth’s axis of rotation has been moving more than usual since the 1990s. While this change is not expected to affect daily […]

Read More

Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI)

May 6, 2021

Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) Why in news? The seasonally adjusted IHS Markit India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) was at 55.5 in April 2021, little changed from March’s reading of 55.4. Purchasing Managers’ Index PMI is an indicator of business activity — both in the manufacturing and services sectors. It is a survey-based measure that asks the […]

Read More

Vande Bharat Mission (VBM)

May 6, 2021

Vande Bharat Mission (VBM) Why in news? The Vande Bharat Mission (VBM), which started repatriating Indians stranded abroad due to Covid-19 and the resultant lockdowns since May 2020, has become one of the largest evacuations of civilians by a country. Further, the Indian Navy has also launched Operation “Samudra Setu” (sea bridge) to repatriate Indian citizens from […]

Read More

Blue Flag beaches

May 5, 2021

Blue Flag beaches Why in news? Odisha government’s plan to get Blue Flag certification for five beaches hit a roadblock as the local fishermen opposed the move. Several fishermen staged a protest in Ganjam district demanding an alternative sea mouth to anchor their boats before being removed from the beaches. What is a Blue Flag Beach? The […]

Read More

Leaders Summit on Climate

May 5, 2021

Leaders Summit on Climate Why in news? Recently, the Leaders’ Summit on Climate was convened by the US President virtually. 40 world leaders, including the Prime Minister of India, were invited to the event to underscore the urgency of stronger climate action.                    Leaders Summit on Climate This summit […]

Read More

Value Added Tax (VAT)

April 29, 2021

Value Added Tax (VAT) Introduction Taxes form an integral part of a country’s economic structure. These are important to run a country smoothly and without many road-blocks. Different taxes are imposed at various stages while selling different types of goods and services. One such type of widely consumed tax structure that has a global reach […]

Read More

Great Indian Bustards (GIBs)

April 29, 2021

Great Indian Bustards (GIBs) Why in news? Recently, a group of hunters shot down two Great Indian Bustards (GIBs) in a protected area of southern Punjab’s Cholistan in Pakistan. Great Indian Bustards (GIBs) The Great Indian Bustard (GIB), is one of the heaviest flying birds, and is found mainly in the Indian subcontinent. Barely 150 of these birds are estimated […]

Read More

Aditya-L1 mission

April 28, 2021

Aditya-L1 mission Why in news? ARIES facility (Aryabhata Research Institute for Observational Sciences) will host the support centre for Aditya-L1 mission, which is due to be launched next year (2022). ARIES is an autonomous institute under the Department of Science & Technology and is located in Nainital (Uttarakhand). About Aditya-L1mission Aditya-L1 Mission is India’s first solar mission planned by the Indian Space Research Organisation […]

Read More

Modified Value Added Tax (MODVAT)

April 28, 2021

Modified Value Added Tax (MODVAT) Introduction Modified Value Added Tax or MODVAT is slightly modified version of the VAT. Manufacturers of the goods who were dependent on the raw materials from the other manufacturers are given excise credit on all the raw materials to avoid double taxation. What is Modified Value Added Tax (MODVAT)? Modvat […]

Read More

Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT)

April 28, 2021

Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT) Introduction The Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT) is a part of India’s central excise framework. It reduces the consumer’s tax burden when purchasing any product and offers a transparent picture of tax liabilities at every stage of production. What is CENVAT? CENVAT or Central Value Added Tax is a modification of the previously […]

Read More

Poshan Gyan

April 27, 2021

Poshan Gyan Why in news? NITI Aayog, in partnership with the Centre for Social and Behaviour Change, Ashoka University, and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation on April 13, 2021, launched Poshan Gyan. It is a national digital repository on health and nutrition. About the Poshan Gyan The Poshan Gyan repository is conceptualized as a resource. […]

Read More

Personal Data Protection Bill 2019

April 26, 2021

Personal Data Protection Bill 2019 Why in news? The pandemic has forced more people to participate in the digital economy that has brought focus into the Personal Data Protection Bill drafted by Union Government. Unfortunately, the existing data protection regime in India does not meet this standard. Current data protection regime falls short of providing effective protection […]

Read More

Aahaar Kranti’ Mission

April 26, 2021

Aahaar Kranti’ Mission Why in news? The Government has launched ‘Aahaar Kranti’, a mission dedicated to spread awareness about nutrition. About Aahaar Kranti Mission The initiative ‘Aahaar Kranti’ will focus on addressing the problem of hunger and diseases in abundance across India and the world. The mission aims to spread the message of the need for a nutritionally […]

Read More

Food Waste Index Report 2021

April 23, 2021

Food Waste Index Report 2021 Why in news? Recently, the UNEP’s Food Waste Index Report 2021 highlights the magnitude of wastage. Although the government has taken robust steps towards wastage prevention. Food wastage has been a problem for decades, and is worsening with time.  It has now acquired environmental dimension where by excess food waste usually ends […]

Read More

Doctrine Of Colourable Legislation

April 23, 2021

Doctrine Of Colourable Legislation Introduction Federalism is one of the basic feature of Indian constitution. By virtue of this power the constitution envisages a demarcation of governmental functions and powers between various constituent units of the country.                  Generally in a federation there are two levels of govt. […]

Read More

Decriminalising Begging

April 22, 2021

Decriminalising Begging Why in news? The Supreme Court has asked the Centre and four States to file their response on a plea seeking a direction to repeal the provisions criminalising begging. It has been argued in the plea that a person, who is compelled to beg due to certain circumstances, cannot be faulted for his actions. Recently, the Ministry […]

Read More

Collective & Individual Responsibility (Article74 & 75)

April 20, 2021

Collective & Individual Responsibility (Article74 & 75) What is Individual Ministerial Responsibility? The principle of individual responsibility to the head of the State is embodied in Art. 75(2)-“The Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the the President.” Article 164 also contains the principle of individual responsibility. It states that the ministers hold office […]

Read More

India – Kazakhstan Relations

April 20, 2021

India – Kazakhstan Relations Why in news? Recently, the Defense Minister of India held bilateral talks with the Defense Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan in New Delhi. The two Ministers had last met in Moscow (Russia) in September 2020 on the sidelines of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Defence Ministers’ meeting. Highlights of the Talks Exchanged views […]

Read More

National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)

April 20, 2021

National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) Why in news? The second phase of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) will be completed by September 2021, taking India’s total computational capacity to 16 Petaflops. About National Supercomputing Mission The National Supercomputing Mission was announced in 2015 The aim is to create a cluster of seventy supercomputers connecting various academic and research institutions across […]

Read More

India’s Refugee Problem

April 19, 2021

India’s Refugee Problem Why in news? Myanmarese citizens, including little children fleeing from a Myanmar’s military, being turned away at the Indian border in the Northeast has once again revived the domestic debate about refugee protection in India. India’s History With Refugees Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 – The scale of the problem was […]

Read More

India-Seychelles Relation

April 17, 2021

India-Seychelles Relation Why in news? Recently, a virtual meet was held between the Prime Minister of India and the President of Seychelles. KEY TAKEAWAYS ABOUT THE MEET New Magistrate Court Building During the meet, the two leaders jointly inaugurated the new Magistrate Court building in Seychelles. The Magistrates’ Court is a state of the art building which will […]

Read More

IMF’s World Economic Outlook

April 16, 2021

IMF’s World Economic Outlook Why in news? The latest World Economic Outlook of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has estimated that India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will grow by 11.5% in the Financial Year (FY) 2021-22. Key Findings of the Report Global Growth is projected at -4.4 percent (against an earlier projection of -5.2 percent.) The growth projection in 2021 is 5.2 percent. IMF stated that China would […]

Read More

Direct Payment Of Minimum Support Price (MSP)

April 16, 2021

Direct Payment Of Minimum Support Price (MSP) Why in news? The Punjab government has told the central government that it will pay the Minimum Support Price (MSP) directly into the accounts of farmers from this procurement season. But it also does not want to annoy the Arhtiyas (commission agents) who earlier used to pay the farmers and are opposing […]

Read More

Copyright (Amendment) Rules 2021

April 16, 2021

Copyright (Amendment) Rules 2021 Why in news? The Ministry of Commerce and Industry recently notified Copyright (Amendment) rules, 2021. The amendment has been made to bring the existing Copyright rules in the country with parity with the other relevant legislations. Currently, the Copyright regime of India is governed by Copyright Act, 1957 and the Copyright […]

Read More

Abolition of Film Certification Tribunal

April 16, 2021

Abolition of Film Certification Tribunal Why in news? The government by an ordinance has abolished the Film Certificate Appellate Tribunal (FCAT). The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation And Conditions Of Service) Ordinance, 2021, which came into effect on April 4, amends the Cinematograph Act, 1952 by omitting some sections and replacing the word “Tribunal” with “High Court” in other sections. The […]

Read More

DRDO’s Advanced Chaff Technology

April 14, 2021

DRDO’s Advanced Chaff Technology Why in news? Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an Advanced Chaff Technology to safeguard the naval ships against enemy missile attack. Defence Laboratory Jodhpur (DLJ), a DRDO laboratory, has indigenously developed three variants of this critical technology namely Short Range Chaff Rocket (SRCR), Medium Range Chaff Rocket (MRCR) […]

Read More

The Net-Zero Goal

April 14, 2021

The Net-Zero Goal Why in news? Climate Ambition Summit, co-hosted by the UK, France, and the UN, on the fifth anniversary of the 2015 Paris Agreement has brought back the debate on the fairness issues regarding the Net Zero targets and the pathways regarding greenhouse gas emission reduction. What is The Net-Zero Goal? Net-zero, which is […]

Read More

Forest Fires In India

April 13, 2021

Forest Fires In India Why in news? Uttarakhand has witnessed over 1,000 incidents of a forest fire over the last six months, including 45 in the last 24 hours alone. From Uttaranchal to Nagaland, Madhya Pradesh to Odisha, Indian forests have burned away in the last six months, releasing the carbon sequestered for years. Forest […]

Read More

Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021

April 13, 2021

Tribunals Reforms (Rationalization and Conditions of Service) Ordinance 2021 Why in news? The President of India has promulgated the Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021. The proposed changes are based on the directions issued by the Supreme Court last year in the Madras Bar Association case. According to the ordinance, the appellate authorities […]

Read More

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2020

April 12, 2021

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2020 Why in news? Medical Termination of Pregnancy Amendment Bill 2020 was passed in Lok Sabha recently. The Bill seeks to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971. The Act increases the time period within which an abortion may be carried out. Key Amendements To The Bill It […]

Read More

India’s Merchandise Trade Deficit

April 10, 2021

India’s Merchandise Trade Deficit Why in news? Preliminary data released by the government showed that India’s trade deficit in goods widened to USD 14.11 billion in March 2021 from USD 9.98 billion during March 2020. Other Observations Merchandise Exports: India’s merchandise exports in March 2021 were USD 34.0 billion as compared to USD 21.49 billion in March 2020, an increase […]

Read More

Dindori Project

April 10, 2021

Dindori Project Why in news? MP’s Dindori project shows the way forward for India as Millets pose production and consumption challenges towards achieving the food and nutritional security goals. About Dindori Project This initiative is basically started to revive millet cultivation in india and to meet the national nutritional goals An initiative was started in […]

Read More

Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS)

April 9, 2021

Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS) Why in news? Following the discovery of a rare freshwater fish species there, the Maharashtra government has declared an area at Amboli in Western ghats as a biodiversity heritage site. the new freshwater fish species is named Schistura Hiranyakeshi, was discovered near Amboli in Sawantwadi tehsil of Sindhudurg district. The notification to […]

Read More

The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme

April 9, 2021

The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme Why in news? The Centre plans to issue a 14-digit identification number to every plot of land in the country within a year’s time. The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme has been launched in 10 States in the year 2021 and will be rolled out across the country by […]

Read More

China-Iran Strategic Cooperation Pact

April 8, 2021

China-Iran Strategic Cooperation Pact Why in news? China and Iran recently signed what was described as a 25-year “strategic cooperation pact”, during Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s on-going six-nation tour to West Asia. The deal, which has been in the works for five years, was signed between Mr. Wang and his Iranian counterpart Javad Zarif […]

Read More

Human Rights Report 2020

April 8, 2021

Human Rights Report 2020 Why in news? The US State Department, in its 2020 Human Rights Report, pointed out several Human Rights Issues in India. About the report The report is submitted each year to the US Congress It is retrospective and contains a country wise discussion of the state of human rights. Earlier in March 2021, Freedom in […]

Read More

Express Governance Awards

April 7, 2021

Express Governance Awards Why in news? A total of 16 district magistrates were honoured with The Indian Express Excellence in Governance Awards for their pioneering work across categories that range from Agriculture to Education and Technology to Women Development. About The Express Governance Awards The award is organized and presented by The Indian Express. It is a […]

Read More

Identification of SCs and STs in India

April 7, 2021

Identification of SCs and STs in India Why in news? A recent verdict of the Supreme Court led to a lot of criticism from political parties and others who argued that it amounts to dilution of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. A two judge bench of the Supreme […]

Read More

UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF)

April 6, 2021

UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF) Why in news? India has announced to gift 200,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccine to the UN peacekeeper forces for free. The announcement was made by the External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar while addressing the UN Security Council meeting on COVID-19. About UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF) United Nations Peacekeeping is a joint effort […]

Read More

Global Gender Gap Report 2021

April 6, 2021

Global Gender Gap Report 2021 Why in news? World Economic Forum has released the Global Gender Gap Report 2021. India has fallen 28 places in the report India has ranked 140 among 156 countries in Global Gender Gap Index 2021, which is 28 spots lower than its 2020 ranking. Iceland has topped the rankings for […]

Read More

Shifting ‘Health’ To The Concurrent List

April 5, 2021

Shifting ‘Health’ To The Concurrent List Why in news? Fifteenth Finance Commission Chairman N.K. Singh said that health should be shifted to the Concurrent list under the Constitution. At present, ‘Health’ is under the State List. Bringing health into the Concurrent list would give the Centre greater flexibility to enact regulatory changes and reinforce the obligation of all stakeholders […]

Read More

Vajra Prahar 2021

April 5, 2021

Vajra Prahar 2021 Why in news? Recently, Special Forces of India and the USA conducted the joint military exercise ‘VAJRA PRAHAR 2021’ in Himachal Pradesh. Earlier, India and the USA navy had carried out a two-day Passage Exercise (PASSEX) in the eastern Indian Ocean Region.  Vajra Prahar 2021 About Vajra Prahar  Vajra Prahar is the joint military exercise between […]

Read More

National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM)

April 3, 2021

National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM) Why in news? The National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM) is being implemented by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB). NAQUIM envisages mapping of aquifers (water bearing formations), their characterization and development of Aquifer Management Plans to facilitate sustainable management of groundwater resources. About NAQUIM It was initiated as a part of the Ground Water Management and […]

Read More

Suez Canal Blockage

April 3, 2021

Suez Canal Blockage Why in news? A container ship called the ‘Ever Given’ was freed from the Suez Canal on March 29, 2021, a week after it ran aground and blocked other vessels from transiting one of the world’s most important waterways. A human-made waterway, the Suez Canal is one of the world’s most heavily […]

Read More

NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite (NISAR)

April 2, 2021

NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite (NISAR) Why in news? NASA and ISRO are collaborating on developing an SUV-sized satellite called NISAR, which will detect movements of the planet’s surface as small as 0.4 inches over areas about half the size of a tennis court. The satellite will be launched in 2022 from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh) into […]

Read More

TEESTA Water-Sharing Pact

April 2, 2021

TEESTA Water-Sharing Pact Why in news? PM while on his tour of Bangladesh assured his best to ink the long-awaited deal over the Teesta and other common rivers. On at least two occasions—2011 and 2017—Bangladesh and India came close to signing a deal on the Teesta. About Teesta river Teesta river is a tributary of the Brahmaputra (known […]

Read More

Champion Services Sector Scheme

April 1, 2021

Champion Services Sector Scheme Why in news? Union Cabinet has approved the proposal of Ministry of Commerce and Industry to give focused attention to 12 identified Champion Services Sectors (CSS) for promoting their development and realizing their potential. Champion Services Sector Scheme It is a Central Sector, umbrella scheme of Department of Commerce for the […]

Read More

Hate Crimes in India

April 1, 2021

Hate Crimes in India Why in news? Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) quashed Hate Crime proceedings initiated against a senior journalist for a Facebook post. The SC ruled that petitioners’ social media post was only an expression of truth in the face of persecution. What Is Hate Crime? Hate crime is a crime, typically involving violence, that is motivated by prejudice […]

Read More

World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

March 31, 2021

World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives Why in news? The World Bank has published the World Development Report 2021:Data for Better Lives. The World Development Report 2021 provides a blueprint on how to harness the power of data for development, to ensure no one is left behind. Recommendations of report Increase Data use to Realize Value: The experts […]

Read More

The National Commission For Allied And Healthcare Professions Bill 2020

March 31, 2021

The National Commission For Allied And Healthcare Professions Bill 2020 Why in News? Recently, the National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2020 was passed by the Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to regulate and standardise the education and practice of allied and healthcare professionals. The group of allied professionals is large and the Bill is trying to […]

Read More

Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism In India

March 31, 2021

Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism In India Why in news? Supreme Court judge, Justice N.V. Ramana, has outlined a three-pronged approach, with special focus on alternative dispute resolution, to reverse the nearly 4 crore pendency in courts across the country. Justice Ramana, who is next in line to be the Chief Justice of India as per the seniority norm, […]

Read More

The Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill 2021

March 27, 2021

The Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill 2021 Why in news? | The Juvenile Justice (Care And Protection Of Children) Amendment Bill 2021   Recently, the Lok Sabha passed the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021 that seeks to strengthen and streamline the provisions for protection and adoption of children. The Bill amends the Juvenile […]

Read More

India-France Space Cooperation

March 27, 2021

India-France Space Cooperation Why in news? India and France are working on their third joint satellite mission, even as the bilateral space collaboration is entering into multiple domains, including human spaceflight programme France is the biggest partner of India in space According to ISRO officials, ISRO and French space agency CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales) […]

Read More

Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020

March 26, 2021

Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 Why in news? After India conferred the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 on Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Father of Nation in Bangladesh.) Bangladesh felt an honour for the Father of the Nation to be bestowed with the prestigious award. Gandhi Peace Prize 2020 The jury for the prize consisted PM […]

Read More

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

March 26, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi Why in news? The Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN) It is a single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the profits of Health and Education Cess. In the 2018 Budget, the Central government announced replacement of existing 3% Education Cess by 4% Health and Education Cass. […]

Read More

Gram UJALA scheme

March 25, 2021

Gram UJALA scheme Why in news? Recently, the Government has launched the Gram UJALA Programme – an ambitious scheme offering the world’s cheapest LED bulbs in rural areas at a mere Rs. 10. About GRAM UJALA Programme It is a customized program for rural India, based uniquely and innovatively on carbon finance. Under the programme, 7 watts and 12-Watt LED […]

Read More

Draft Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2021

March 25, 2021

Draft Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2021 Why in news? The draft Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2021, issued by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on March 11, has necessitated a few changes in the country’s handling of its plastic waste. In a bid to make India free of single-use plastic […]

Read More

Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad)

March 25, 2021

Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) Why in news? The first formal summit of the heads of state of the four-member group of nations known as the `Quadrilateral Security Dialogue’ (Quad) (India, the US, Japan & Australia) is a significant development. This meeting is being held at the initiative of the US President Joe Biden. The first […]

Read More

“Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain” Campaign

March 25, 2021

“Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain” Campaign Why in news? Indian Prime Minister launched the ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain’ campaign on World Water Day i.e. on 22nd March 2021. About Catch the Rain Campaign Catch the Rain is a Jan Andolan campaign. It aims to take water conservation at the grass-roots level through people’s […]

Read More

1994 Verdict: Mosques aren’t essential to Islam

March 20, 2021

1994 Verdict: Mosques aren’t essential to Islam What is the issue? The Supreme Court in the “Ismail Faruqui vs. Union of India Case – 1994” ruled that the Mosques are not fundamental to Islam. However there are inherent flaws in such a notion and the subsequent verdict that needs to be reviewed. What are the […]

Read More

1st International Child Sexual Abuse Conference

March 20, 2021

1st International Child Sexual Abuse Conference Why in News? 1st international child sexual abuse conference being held in Kolkata on 14-15 Dec 2018 Why this meet is being held in India? The global meet comes close on the heels of reports that India accounted for around 2.4 million instances of online child sexual abuse last […]

Read More

‘Replace’ Campaign By WHO

March 20, 2021

‘Replace’ Campaign By WHO Why in news? The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched ‘REPLACE’ campaign to eliminate industrially-produced artificial Trans-fats from the global food supply by 2023. ‘REPLACE’ campaign by WHO: WHO estimates that every year, trans fat intake leads to over 5,00,000 deaths worldwide from cardiovascular diseases. Industrially-produced Trans-fats are contained in hardened […]

Read More

Nobel Prize For Physics 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Physics 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

Read More

Nobel Prize For Peace 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Peace 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

Read More

Nobel Prize For Medicine 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Medicine 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

Read More

Nobel Prize For Chemistry 2020

March 17, 2021

Nobel Prize For Chemistry 2020 Introduction The Nobel Prizes regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel. It is announced every year for excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics, and a […]

Read More

Lily Thomas Case

March 17, 2021

Lily Thomas Case Introduction Born in Kottayam, Kerala, Lily Thomas joined Madras High Court in 1955 and later went on to become the first woman to complete the LLM course from Madras University. She was the first woman in India to qualify for an LLM degree. Lily Thomas case (2013) Lily Thomas and an NGO Lok Prahari challenged […]

Read More

SOCIAL VACCINE

March 16, 2021

SOCIAL VACCINE Why In News? The Union Health Minister has recently asserted that lockdowns and social distancing are the most effective “social vaccines” available to fight the pandemic (Covid-19). What Is A Social Vaccine?  A social vaccine is a metaphor for a series of social and behavioural measures that governments can use to raise public consciousness about unhealthy situations through social mobilisation It addresses barriers […]

Read More

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

March 16, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi Why in news? The Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN) as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the proceeds of Health and Education Cess. The proceeds of Health and Education Cess are levied under Section 136-b of Finance Act, 2007. In the 2018 Budget, the Central government while announcing Ayushman […]

Read More

Mobilising Electric Vehicle Financing In India Report By NITI Aayog

March 16, 2021

Mobilising Electric Vehicle Financing In India Report By NITI Aayog Why in news? NITI Aayog and Rocky Mountain Institute(RMI) India jointly releases a new report titled ‘Mobilising Electric Vehicle Financing in India’. The report highlights the role of finance in India’s transition to electric vehicles(EVs). Further, the report also identifies solutions for capital and financing […]

Read More

China’s First Downstream Dam On Brahmaputra

March 15, 2021

China’s First Downstream Dam On Brahmaputra Why in news? A draft of China’s new Five-Year Plan (2021-2025), has given the green light for the first dams to be built on the lower reaches of Yarlung Zangbo river, as the Brahmaputra is known in Tibet, before it flows into India. About the project This will be […]

Read More

Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA)

March 15, 2021

Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) Why in news? According to a recent World Bank report, transport connectivity between India and Bangladesh has the potential to increase national income by as much as 17 percent in Bangladesh and 8 percent in India. The World Bank report Titled “Connecting to Thrive: Challenges and Opportunities of Transport Integration […]

Read More

Bibek Debroy Committee On Railways

March 13, 2021

Bibek Debroy Committee On Railways Introduction The Union Cabinet approved restructuring of the Railway Board in 2019 which was in line with the recommendations of numerous committees, notably Rakesh Mohan (2001) and the Bibek Debroy panel (2015). The eight railway services to be integrated into a central service called the Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS). All employees at the management level will come into the […]

Read More

Recent Ordinances In The Agriculture Sector

March 13, 2021

Recent Ordinances In The Agriculture Sector Introduction After the announcement of the landmark decisions by the Government of India for reforms in the agricultural sector for raising the income of the farmers as part of the ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, the President of India has promulgated the following Ordinances with the aim of giving a […]

Read More

Namami Gange and National Mission for Ganga (NMCG)

March 13, 2021

Namami Gange and National Mission for Ganga (NMCG) Introduction Ganga basin is considered as the world’s populous river basin and is home for more than 600 million urban rural Indian populations. With that the incidence of deep and multifaceted poverty is high in the basin and the water and sanitation infrastructure is either absent or […]

Read More

Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

March 13, 2021

Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme Why in news? The Central Silk Board (CSB) under the Ministry of Textiles and the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for a “convergence model” in order to implement the “Agro-forestry in silk sector” under the “Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme”. The Government […]

Read More

Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) Technology

March 13, 2021

Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) Technology Why in news? The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on Friday successfully carried out a flight demonstration based on Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) technology from Integrated Test Range (ITR) Chandipur off the coast of Odisha. Successful demonstration of SFDR technology has provided DRDO with a technological advantage, […]

Read More

PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED

March 12, 2021

PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED Why in news? Minisiry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) Scheme for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid connected solar and other renewable power plants in the country. The scheme aims o add solar and other renewable […]

Read More

New Disinvestment Policy

March 12, 2021

New Disinvestment Policy Why in news? In recent budget 2021-22, government announced a new policy for central public sector enterprises (CPSEs). Under the new policy, there will be a clear cut roadmap for disinvestment of government-owned firms across different sectors. Under the roadmap of new policy, there will be classification of sectors into 2 groups […]

Read More

Treaty On Prohibition Of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

March 10, 2021

Treaty On Prohibition Of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) Why in news? The UN Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) entered into force on 22 January 2021. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had approved the “Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons” in the year 2017. However, the nine countries that possess the nuclear weapons […]

Read More

Bodo Peace Accord

March 10, 2021

Bodo Peace Accord Why in news? First anniversary of the 3rd Bodo Peace Accord was celebrated in Assam recently. In February 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Assam government and the Bodo groups signed a tripartite agreement to redraw, rename and changing power-sharing agreement in the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) in Assam. […]

Read More

ECOTOURISM IN INDIA

March 10, 2021

ECOTOURISM IN INDIA Introduction Eco-tourism refers to ecologically sustainable tourism to areas having ecological and biological diversity or is of environmental interest to ecologically conscious individuals. Generally speaking, the definition of ecotourism varies.  Some deem tourism to ecologically sensitive or interesting areas as ecotourism, while some define it as responsible tourism which aims to minimise […]

Read More

DRY AGRICULTURE

March 10, 2021

DRY AGRICULTURE What is Dryland Agriculture? Dryland Agriculture  refers to cultivation of crops entirely under natural rainfall without irrigation.  It is a form of subsistence farming in the regions where deficit of the soil moisture retards the growth of water consuming crops like rice (Oryza sativa), sugarcane etc.  Dryland areas are characterized by low and erratic rainfall […]

Read More

Classical Dances Of India

March 10, 2021

Classical Dances Of India Introduction Excavations, inscriptions, chronicles, genealogies of kings and artists, literary sources, sculpture and painting of different periods provide extensive evidence on dance in India. Contemporary classical dance forms have evolved out of the musical play or sangeet-nataka performed from the 12th century to the 19th century. The Indian classical dances have two […]

Read More

Agro Climatic Regions Of India

March 10, 2021

Agro Climatic Regions Of India What is Agro-Climatic Zone? Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) defined an agro-climatic zone (ACZ) as a land unit represented accurately or precisely in terms of major climate and growing period, which is climatically suitable for certain range of crops and cultivars. In other words, it is an extension of the […]

Read More

4D and 3D Printers

March 10, 2021

4D and 3D Printers What is 3D Printing? 3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. The creation of a 3D printed object is achieved using additive processes. In an additive process an object is created by laying down successive layers of material until the […]

Read More

New Umbrella Entity Licence

March 10, 2021

New Umbrella Entity Licence Why in news? The Reserve Bank India (RBI) had released the framework for authorisation of pan-India umbrella entity for retail payments, which will rival National Payments Council of India (NPCI), on August 18, 2020, and invited applications from interested entities. The process for complying with the framework prescriptions, a timeline of […]

Read More

Sub-Categorization Of OBC

March 9, 2021

Sub-Categorization Of OBC Why in news? On January 21, the Centre has extended the tenure of The Commission to Examine Sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) headed by Justice G Rohini, former Chief Justice of Delhi High Court. The commission now has until July 31 to submit its report. About The Commission The Commission was constituted under […]

Read More

4G Spectrum Auction

March 9, 2021

4G Spectrum Auction   Why In News? Recently 4g Spectrum Auction was held on 1 March and Jio becomes the biggest buyer The spectrum auction bid ends at INR 77,815 crore What Are Spectrum Auctions? Spectrum is a range of radio waves used for communication purposes. It would include FM and AM radio broadcasts too and […]

Read More

India Mauritius Defence Relations

March 9, 2021

India Mauritius Defence Relations Why in news? India and Mauritius signed a $100 million Defence Line of Credit agreement This agreement is part of the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) between India and Mauritius. The India-Mauritius CECPA is the first trade agreement signed by India with a country in Africa. Using the new framework under the CECPA, India […]

Read More

China’s Polar Silk Road

March 9, 2021

China’s Polar Silk Road Why in news? As the ice-covered parts of the Arctic Ocean melt due to climate change, China has flagged its interest to take part in building “Polar Silk Road”, raising prospects for the emergence of a new sea route. China has outlined its ambitions to extend Belt and Road Initiative to the Arctic […]

Read More

Lal Bahadur Shastri as a PM

March 8, 2021

Lal Bahadur Shastri as a PM Introduction [Lal Bahadur Shastri as a PM] Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904 (a date of birth he shares with Mahatma Gandhi) in Mughalsarai near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His father Sharada Prasad Srivastava was a school teacher who died when Shastri was not yet two […]

Read More

Transformation of India from a Colony to Democracy

March 8, 2021

Transformation of India from a Colony to Democracy Introduction Of Electoral Politics In India After adoption of constitution on January 26, 1950, It was necessary to install the first democratically elected government of the country. The election commission of India was set up in January 1950 with a constitutional provision to conduct free and fair […]

Read More

Shaping the Newly Independent India

March 8, 2021

Introduction [Shaping the Newly Independent India ] “Partition” – the division of British India into the two separate states of India and Pakistan on August 14-15, 1947 – was the “last-minute” mechanism by which the British were able to secure agreement over how independence would take place. At the time, few people understood what Partition would […]

Read More

Shaping the Newly Independent India Part-3

March 8, 2021

Shaping the Newly Independent India Part-3 Issue of language The language problem was the most divisive issue in the first twenty years of independent India. Linguistic identity during first 20 years after independence had become a strong force in all societies. Due to diversity in languages, this language issue became more difficult to tackle. The […]

Read More

Shaping the Newly Independent India(Part-2)

March 8, 2021

Shaping the Newly Independent India(Part-2) Consolidation Of States In Independent India The rehabilitation on East took years and it was more difficult because of constant exodus of Hindus from East Bengal continued for years. After handling this worst nightmare of Partition, Indian leadership had strived to consolidate India from within and look after its internal […]

Read More

Lal Bahadur Shastri Phase in India

March 8, 2021

Lal Bahadur Shastri Phase in India Introduction  [Lal Bahadur Shastri Phase in India] Lal Bahadur Shastri was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, a key figure in the Indian Independence movement, and India’s second Prime Minister. He succeeded Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, after the latter’s sudden demise. He is remembered for leading India though the Indo-Pakistan War […]

Read More

Indra Gandhi Phase in India

March 8, 2021

Indra Gandhi Phase in India Introduction Indira Gandhi , in full Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, (born November 19, 1917, Allahabad, India —died October 31, 1984, New Delhi ), Indian politician who was the first female prime minister of India, serving for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term from 1980 until she was assassinated in 1984. […]

Read More

Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-2)

March 8, 2021

Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-2) Introduction At the time of independence India was bequeathed with a shattered economy, widespread illiteracy and shocking poverty. The entire politico economics structure has to be reconstructed for genuine development of the country. Economic Development and Planning Mixed Economy Model (Socialism) Post Independence, apart from extreme poverty, illiteracy, […]

Read More

Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-1)

March 8, 2021

Economic Development Of India Post Independence (Part-1) Introduction At the time of independence India was bequeathed with a shattered economy, widespread illiteracy and shocking poverty. The entire politico economics structure has to be reconstructed for genuine development of the country. Economic Development and Planning Mixed Economy Model (Socialism) Post Independence, apart from extreme poverty, illiteracy, […]

Read More

National Program and Project Management Policy Framework (NPMPF)

March 6, 2021

National Program and Project Management Policy Framework (NPMPF) About National Program and Project Management Policy Framework (NPMPF) It is developed by NITI Aayog and the Quality Council of India which proposed a four-level certification system for project managers linked to project scale. It is envisaged to bring radical reforms in the way infrastructure projects are […]

Read More

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

March 6, 2021

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) Introduction Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is a village development project under which each Member of Parliament (MP) owned the responsibility to develop the institutional and physical infrastructure in three villages by 2019. The scheme aims to develop five ‘Adarsh Villages’ or ‘Model Villages’ by 2024. Objectives           To trigger processes […]

Read More

Smart Fencing Of Indian Borders

March 6, 2021

Smart Fencing Of Indian Borders Introduction Indian Army is working on converting the existing border fence into a smart fence integrated with several sensors through a hybrid model. The smart border fencing projects built under the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) programme is the first of its kind in the country. The smart fencing […]

Read More

Television Rating In India

March 6, 2021

Television Rating In India Introduction Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has constituted a committee to review guidelines on Television Rating agencies in India. In 2014, Ministry of I&B formulated policy guidelines for Television Rating Agencies to operate in India. o 2014 guidelines provide for self- regulation of television ratings through an industry-led body like Broadcast […]

Read More

World Energy Outlook, 2020

March 6, 2021

World Energy Outlook, 2020 Introduction The World Energy Outlook, the IEA’s flagship publication, provides a comprehensive view of how the global energy system could develop in the coming decades. This year’s exceptional circumstances require an exceptional approach. The usual long-term modelling horizons are kept but the focus for the World Energy Outlook 2020 is firmly […]

Read More

Elections During Covid Times

March 6, 2021

Elections During Covid Times Introduction Some experts estimate the coronavirus pandemic to last for two years. One of the cascading effects of the COVID-19 pandemic has been its impact on conducting elections. Some countries have pushed ahead with elections. Deferring elections for such a long duration could go against the spirit of democracy and federalism – the […]

Read More

Data Governance Quality Index

March 6, 2021

Data Governance Quality Index Introduction Data Governance Quality Index Report, a Survey conducted by Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO), NITI Aayog to assess different Ministries /Departments’ performance on the implementation of Central Sector Schemes (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS). About Data Governance Quality Index It is a survey conducted by Development Monitoring and Evaluation […]

Read More

Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS)

March 6, 2021

Dam Rehabilitation And Improvement Project (DRIPS) About Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP) Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP-I) was undertaken in the year 2012 for comprehensive rehabilitation and improvement of 223 dam projects in seven States of India till 2020. DRIP Phase II & Phase III will be implemented over a period of 10 […]

Read More

Core Sectors In India

March 6, 2021

Core Sectors In India What are core sectors? Core industry can be defined as the main industry which has a multiplier effect on the economy. In most countries, there is particular industry that seems to be backbone of all other industries and it qualifies to be the core industry. The Eight Core Industries comprise 40.27% of the weight of […]

Read More

Circular Bio economy

March 6, 2021

Circular Bio economy About Circular Bio economy The “Circular Bio economy” is defined as the intersection of bio economy and circular economy. The bio economy substitutes fossil carbon by renewable carbon from biomass from agriculture, forestry and marine environment (including by-products and wastes). A circular economy is an industrial system that is restorative or regenerative […]

Read More

2nd meeting of India-Central Asia Dialogue

March 6, 2021

2nd meeting of India-Central Asia Dialogue Introduction The 2nd meeting of the India-Central Asia Dialogue was held in the digital video-conference format  under the chairmanship of the External Affairs Minister of India. Foreign Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Republic of Uzbekistan as well as First Deputy Foreign Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic participated […]

Read More

New Coronavirus Strain

March 6, 2021

New Coronavirus Strain Why in news? According to a new study published in the journal JAMA, it has been found that some of the lingering symptoms of COVID-19 persist nine months after they come to the forefront. The study found that coronavirus can cause symptoms or medical complications that go on for weeks and months even […]

Read More

Regulation of NBFCs

March 6, 2021

Regulation of NBFCs Why in news? The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has suggested a tougher regulatory framework for the non-banking finance companies’ (NBFC) sector to prevent the recurrence of any systemic risk to the country’s financial system. In its discussion paper on revised regulatory framework for NBFCs, the RBI has said the regulatory and […]

Read More

DIGITAL LENDING

March 6, 2021

Why In News? Recently there has been many frauds related to digital lending in the country thus RBI has released an advisory on digital lending apps RBI has asked individuals plus small businesses not to fall prey to the growing number of unauthorised digital lending platforms and mobile applications to get quicker loans. The Working […]

Read More

Women In Indian Agriculture

March 6, 2021

Women In Indian Agriculture Why in news? The recent farmer’s protest have shifted the focus on the role and contribution of rural women in agriculture. Contribution Of Women In Agriculture Sector The central role of women in any society ensures stability, progress and long-term development of a nation. In agriculture sector primary focus is given […]

Read More

Bills On Agriculture In 2020

March 6, 2021

Introduction | Bills On Agriculture In 2020  Three Bills on agriculture reforms were introduced in the Parliament to replace the ordinances issued during the lockdown The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, […]

Read More

India-UNSC Relations

March 6, 2021

Why In News? | India-UNSC Relations India recently started its 8th tenure as non-permanent member at United nations security council starting from 1 Jan 2021 for 1 year. There were 5 total countries which got seat as non-permanent member at UNSC. These includes India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway. India will function as the president […]

Read More

Indian Farmers Protest 2020-2021

March 6, 2021

Indian Farmers Protest 2020-2021 Importance Of Agriculture Sector For India  The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization and in some parts of Southern India, it was found to be practised even before the Harappans. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in India. It accounts for around 18% of GDP. According […]

Read More

Topics

close-link

Send this to a friend