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Internal security

Relations of RAW with the CIA

October 8, 2021

Relations of RAW with the CIA The CIA assisted in the creation of RAW, says South Asia expert Stephen P. Cohen of the Brookings Institution. However, India’s intelligence relations with the CIA started even before the existence of RAW, note experts. After India’s war with China in 1962, CIA instructors trained Establishment 22, a “covert […]

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RAW’s Role in Bangladesh-Myanmar and Sri Lanka

October 2, 2021

RAW’s Role in Bangladesh-Myanmar and Sri Lanka RAW played a significant role in the formation of Bangladesh along with the Indian army and other Indian security and intelligence agencies. Besides providing intelligence to policymakers and the army, RAW trained and armed Mukti Bahini, a group of East Pakistanis fighting for the separate state of Bangladesh. […]

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The Structure and Function of RAW

October 2, 2021

The Structure and Function of RAW Not much is known regarding the structure of RAW, say experts. The organization started with 250 people and about $400,000. It has since expanded to several thousand personnel, but there is no clear estimate of its staffing or budget, as both remain secret.              […]

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RAW: India’s External Intelligence Agency

October 2, 2021

RAW: India’s External Intelligence Agency Introduction India’s external intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), has long faced allegations of meddling in its neighbours’ affairs. Founded in 1968, primarily to counter China’s influence, over time it has shifted its focus to India’s other traditional rival, Pakistan. RAW and Pakistan’s spy agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence […]

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WHITE PAPER ON BLACK MONEY

October 1, 2021

WHITE PAPER ON BLACK MONEY The Finance Minister tabled the White Paper on Black Money (the Paper) in the Lok Sabha on May 21, 2012. According to the Paper, black money is a serious issue because it has a ‘debilitating effect’ on governance and public policy and this affects the poor disproportionately. The Paper defines […]

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Various other Institutes for Security of India

October 1, 2021

Various other Institutes for Security of India National Counter Terrorism Centre – NCTC: The National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) is a proposed federal anti-terror agency to be created in India modelled on the National Counterterrorism Centre of the USA. The proposal arose after the 2008 Mumbai attacks aka 26/11 attacks where several intelligence and operational […]

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CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs

October 1, 2021

CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES — CAPFs Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) CISF is a premier multi-skilled security agency of the country, mandated to provide security to major critical infrastructure installations of the country in diverse regions, including terrorist and naxal affected areas. Raised in the year 1969, CISF is providing security cover to 307 units […]

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TYPES OF ORGANISED CRIME

September 30, 2021

TYPES OF ORGANISED CRIME  Drug Abuse and Drug Trafficking It is perhaps the most serious organised crime affecting the country and is truly transnational in character. India is geographically situated between the countries of Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent and is a transit point for narcotic drugs produced in these regions to the West. India […]

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PARAMILITARY FORCES OF INDIA

September 29, 2021

PARAMILITARY FORCES OF INDIA Assam Rifles: Known as ‘Friends of the Hill People’, Assam Rifles, raised initially as ‘Cachar Levy’ in 1835, is the oldest Police Force in the country with headquarters at Shillong. The Force has dual role of maintaining internal security in the States in the North Eastern Region and guarding the Indo-Myanmar […]

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Linkage between Organised crime and Terrorism

September 29, 2021

Linkage between Organised crime and Terrorism Intersections between terrorism and Organised Crime can be divided into three broad categories: co-existence, cooperation and The organized crime-terrorism nexus may consist of interactions between separate entities — where each is engaged in essentially different activities — as well as occur within one entity involved in different types of […]

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Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism

September 29, 2021

Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism ORGANISED CRIME Organized crimes are transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals for the purpose of engaging in illegal activity. Organized crime threatens peace and human security, violates human rights and undermines economic, social, cultural, political and civil development of societies around the world. […]

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INDIA’S COASTAL SECURITY

September 29, 2021

INDIA’S COASTAL SECURITY India’s Coastline 3.55 India has a coastline of 7,516.6 km. bordering the mainland and the islands with Bay of Bengal in the East, the Indian Ocean on the South and the Arabian Sea on the West. There are nine States viz. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and […]

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INDIA’S BORDER MANAGEMENT

September 28, 2021

INDIA’S BORDER MANAGEMENT Due to the proclivity of India’s neighbours to exploit India’s nation building difficulties, the country’s internal security challenges are inextricably linked with border management. Also, the challenge of coping with long-standing territorial and boundary disputes with China and Pakistan, combined with porous borders along some of the most difficult terrain in the […]

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Security Challenges & their Management in Border Areas

September 28, 2021

SECURITY CHALLENGES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT IN BORDER AREAS India has 15,106.7 km. of land border and a coastline of 7,516.6 km. including island territories. The length of the land borders with neighbouring countries is as under: Security challenges in Border areas arise due to conflicting claims, porous borders, cross-border hostile activities etc. Along border areas, India […]

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EXAMPLE OF MONEY LAUNDERING

September 28, 2021

EXAMPLE OF MONEY LAUNDERING HSBC Case: HSBC bank was in news due to exposure of its money laundering activities. According to US Senate Permanent subcommittee report on HSBC, following are the ways in which HSBC laundered Money . Mexican drug barons HSBC US (HBUS) nevertheless classed Mexico as a low-risk country and as a result, […]

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PREVENTION OF MONEY LAUNDERING ACT 2002 (PMLA)

September 27, 2021

PREVENTION OF MONEY LAUNDERING ACT 2002 (PMLA) The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA) forms the core of the legal framework put in place by India to combat money laundering. PMLA and the Rules notified there under came into force with effect from July 1, 2005. The PMLA and rules notified there-under impose obligation […]

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Process and Prevention of Money Laundering in India

September 27, 2021

Process and Prevention of Money Laundering in India MONEY LAUNDERING PROCESS The processes are extensive. Generally speaking, money is laundered whenever a person or business deals in any way with another person’s benefit from crime. That can occur in a countless number of diverse ways. Traditionally money laundering has been described as a process which […]

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India’s Vulnerability to Money Laundering

September 27, 2021

India’s Vulnerability to Money Laundering Money laundering involves disguising financial assets so that they can be used without detection of the illegal activity that produced them. Through money laundering, the launderer transforms the monetary proceeds derived from criminal activity into funds with an apparently legal source. Section 3 of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, […]

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POWER OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN INTERNAL SECURITY

September 24, 2021

POWER OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN INTERNAL SECURITY SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES/ SOCIAL MEDIA Social Networking sites/ Social Media is broadly defined as, web-based services that allow individuals to: construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and view and traverse their list […]

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Role of Media & Social networking sites in Internal Security Challenges

September 24, 2021

Role of Media & Social networking sites in Internal Security Challenges INTRODUCTION The term media is derived from Medium, which means carrier or mode. Media denotes an item specifically designed to reach a large audience or viewers. The term was first used with the advent of newspapers and magazines. However, with the passage of time, […]

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Financing : Internal Security through use of Communication Network

September 24, 2021

Financing : Internal Security through use of Communication Network Terrorist organizations and supporters may also use the Internet to finance acts of terrorism. The manner in which terrorists use the Internet to raise and collect funds and resources may be classified into four general categories: Direct solicitation, e-commerce, Exploitation, of online payment tools and Through […]

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Propaganda: Use of Communication Networks in Internal Security

September 23, 2021

Propaganda: Use of Communication networks in Internal Security One of the primary uses of the Internet by terrorists is for the dissemination of propaganda. Propaganda generally takes the form of multimedia communications providing ideological or practical instruction, explanations, justifications or promotion of terrorist activities. These may include virtual messages, presentations, magazines, treatises, audio and video […]

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Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks

September 23, 2021

Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks In less than two decades, advances in information and communications technologies have revolutionized government, scientific, educational, and commercial infrastructures. Powerful personal computers, high-bandwidth and wireless networking technologies, and the widespread use of the Internet have transformed stand-alone systems and predominantly closed networks into a virtually seamless fabric of […]

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Drug & Human Trafficking :Challenge to India’s Security

September 23, 2021

Drug & Human Trafficking :Challenge to India’s Security For the last three decades India has become a transit hub as well as a destination for heroin and hashish produced in the ‘Golden Triangle’ and the ‘Golden Crescent’. In addition, various psychotropic and pharmaceutical preparations and precursor chemicals produced domestically as well as in various parts […]

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Counterfeit Currencies : Challenges to India’s Internal Security

September 22, 2021

Counterfeit Currencies : Challenges to India’s Internal Security Fake/ Counterfeit currency poses a huge security related threats and socio­economic problems. Its impact on general crime on society is serious as more and more educated unemployed youth are attracted towards the counterfeit racket. The menace of Counterfeit currency therefore is also dubbed as ‘economic terrorism’ confronted […]

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Cyber Attacks : Challenges to India’s Internal Security

September 22, 2021

Cyber Attacks : Challenges to India’s Internal Security The growth of internet technology and cloud-based systems in the past few years had created room for cyber espionage and warfare. Nations are electronically connected and everything is in digital form, attracting attacks in cyberspace. The organized groups, individuals and state sponsored organizations are venturing into this […]

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INSURGENCY : Challenges to India’s Internal Security

September 22, 2021

INSURGENCY : Challenges to India’s Internal Security Various groups are involved in the Insurgency in Northeast India. In the region several armed factions operate. Some groups call for a separate state, others for regional autonomy while some extreme groups demand complete independence. Regional disputes exist among North-Eastern states, NE states and Central government, amongst the […]

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STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY

September 21, 2021

STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY Prior to Cold war era, external State actors’ role was important with regard to challenges to Country’s Internal Security structure. State actors in world politics are based on the premise of: sovereignty, recognition of statehood, and the control of territory and population. Whereas, Non-state actors (NSA) are entities […]

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INDIA’s INTERNAL SECURITY PROBLEMS

September 21, 2021

INDIA’s INTERNAL SECURITY PROBLEMS We can categorise India’s Internal Security in following categories — Problems of Nation Building — India’s Multiethnic, multicultural fabric has been adversely affected by the problem of unequal development, caste tensions and ethnic violence. This has raised the questions on the process of Nation Building with the development of equal society, […]

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EXTREMISM IN NORTH EAST

September 21, 2021

EXTREMISM IN NORTH EAST The insurgencies in the North East are a reflection of its social, cultural, ethnic and politico-economic milieu and changes ‘in the environment of the area. North-East is an extremely heterogeneous region with high level of ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious diversity. This is reflected in the pattern of conflicts, which are […]

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Development Schemes in the Naxal Affected Districts

September 20, 2021

Development Schemes in the Naxal Affected Districts The Additional Central Assistance (ACA) for the LWE affected districts, being implemented by the NITI Aayog and the Road Requirement Plan (RRP-I), being implemented by the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, are the two major developmental schemes, which focus specifically on the LWE affected districts. The Integrated […]

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Government of India’s Approach towards Left Wing Extremism (LWE)

September 20, 2021

Government of India’s Approach towards Left Wing Extremism (LWE) The Central Government has adopted an integrated approach to deal with the menace of Left Wing Extremism (LWE) in the areas of security, development, enforcing rights and entitlements of local communities, ensuring good governance and public perception management. The State Governments specifically deal with various issues […]

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NAXALISM

June 11, 2021

NAXALISM Atleast 22 personnel died, in naxal attack  between central paramilitary forces and Maoists in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur. About Naxalism The Naxalism, is a term used to define a violent activities on behalf of landless laborer’s and tribal people against landlords and others by some individuals and groups. Naxalism is considered to be one of the […]

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North East Insurgency

April 29, 2021

North East Insurgency Introduction North East India is the region situated in the eastern-most part of India comprising of the eight states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim. It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. wide Siliguri Corridor, which is commonly known as the chicken neck, created by the Radcliffe line. […]

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INDIA -Linkage between Organized Crime and Terrorism

April 3, 2021

INDIA -Linkage between Organized Crime and Terrorism INTRODUCTION  While organized crime involves many activities, its linkages with terrorism stem from illegal trafficking of drugs, arms and human beings and money laundering. Terrorist groups, whether indigenous or sponsored by outside states, need arms and money for their fight against the security forces. Organized crime conglomerates need […]

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EMERGING TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIMES

April 3, 2021

EMERGING TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIMES In 2010, the fifth Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime identified cybercrime, identity-related crimes, trafficking in cultural property, environmental crime, piracy, organ trafficking, and fraudulent medicine as new and emerging crimes of concern. The emergence of these new crime types gives rise to the need […]

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Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas

April 3, 2021

Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas INTRODUCTION India has 15,106.7 km. of land border and a coastline of 7,516.6 km. including island territories. The length of the land borders with neighbouring countries is as under: Security challenges in Border areas arise due to conflicting claims, porous borders, cross-border hostile activities etc. Along border […]

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COASTAL SECURITY

April 3, 2021

COASTAL SECURITY India’s Coastline 3.55 India has a coastline of 7,516.6 km. bordering the mainland and the islands with Bay of Bengal in the East, the Indian Ocean on the South and the Arabian Sea on the West. There are nine States viz. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West […]

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Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

April 3, 2021

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) The Central Bureau of Investigation traces its origin to the Special Police Establishment (SPE) which was set up in 1941 by the Government of India. The functions of the SPE then were to investigate cases of bribery and corruption in transactions with the War & Supply Department of India during […]

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CENTRAL FORENSIC INSTITUTIONS

April 3, 2021

 CENTRAL FORENSIC INSTITUTIONS Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL), CBI CFSL, CBI, New Delhi is a Scientific Institution under the administrative control of CBI and overall control of the Ministry of Home Affairs. CFSL undertakes the scientific analysis of crime exhibits referred by CBI, Delhi Police, Judiciary and Vigilance Departments of Ministries & Undertakings & State/Central […]

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CYBER WAR

April 2, 2021

CYBER WAR International Telecommunication Union defines cyber security as a “Collection of tools, policies, security concepts, security safeguards, guidelines, risk management approaches, actions, training, best practices, assurance, and technologies that can be used to protect the cyber environment, including organizations’ and users’ assets.” Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to […]

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CYBER ATTACK

April 2, 2021

CYBER ATTACK INTRODUCTION:  The increasing dependence of people and Government across the Globe over Information Technology, has also led to rising threats to Cyber security through Cyber crimes, cyber attacks and cyber wars. Since all the strategically important departments and locations have been connected with the internet and information technology, the miscreants have started attacking […]

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CYBER CRIME

April 2, 2021

CYBER CRIME Cyber crime is criminal activity done using computers and the Internet. This involves any one of the following three activities, Computer as a target – attacking the computers of others (spreading viruses is an example). Use of computer as a weapon – using a computer to commit “traditional crime” that we see in […]

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SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES/ SOCIAL MEDIA

April 2, 2021

SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES/ SOCIAL MEDIA Social Networking sites/ Social Media is broadly defined as, web-based services that allow individuals to: construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others […]

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THE PRINCIPLES OF SELF REGULATION FOR MEDIA

April 2, 2021

THE PRINCIPLES OF SELF REGULATION FOR MEDIA Impartiality and objectivity in reporting: Accuracy is at the heart of the news television business. Viewers of 24 hour news channels expect speed, but it is the responsibility of TV news channels to keep accuracy, and balance, as precedence over speed. If despite this there are errors, channels […]

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INDIA’S INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES

April 2, 2021

INDIA’S INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES INTRODUCTION: Internal Security Challenges in India, are no more local in nature and has inter­state and nation-wide ramifications. ‘Internal security’ is an important aspect of National Security. The National Security has three main objectives — Safeguarding territorial integrity, Preserving sovereignty and Maintaining domestic peace. Former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh defined […]

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Bastariya Battalion

March 20, 2021

Bastariya Battalion Why in news? ‘Bastariya’ battalion of the CRPF, created for the first-time with more than 534 tribal youths from Chhattisgarh was commissioned by the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh What comprises the new force? The Bastariya Battalion comprises of local recruits from 4 districts of undivided Bastar: Sukma, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Bijapur. The […]

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Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK)

March 17, 2021

Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) Why in news? Indian government has decided to begin weather forecasts for regions under Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) — Gilgit-Baltistan, Muzaffarabad and Mirpur. After DD and AIR started airing weather forecasts from PoK regions, In return Radio Pakistan also featured updates from Srinagar, Pulwama and Ladakh. The ‘weather war’ — a diplomatic move […]

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LOC and LAC

March 15, 2021

LOC and LAC What is LOC? LOC or Line of Control is a live line with a lot of activities like firing and face to face interaction. It is clearly demarcated by the militaries. It denotes a kind of boundary separating parts of Indian UT i.e. Jammu & Kashmir; controlled by India and illegally occupied […]

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT| Internal Security

March 3, 2021

Definition Of Disaster | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | Internal Security    A disaster is a result of natural or man-made causes that leads to sudden disruption of normal life, causing severe damage to life and property to an extent that available social and economic protection mechanisms are inadequate to cope. It is an undesirable occurrence resulting from forces that are […]

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SECURITY FORCES AND THEIR MANDATE | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

Introduction | SECURITY FORCES AND THEIR MANDATE The various armed forces of the Union of India have separate mandates and are handled by different ministries. The majority of the external security threats in India are managed by the Ministry of Defence with the help of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Most of the internal security […]

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SECURITY CHALLENGES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT IN BORDER AREAS | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

Introduction | Security challenges and their management in border areas Governments of numerous nations make huge investment and provide good support for the border security. Still, border and maritime security continues to present challenges to governments around the world. The proper management of borders presents many challenges and includes coordination and concerted action by administrative, […]

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CYBER SECURITY AND ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

What Is Cyber and Cyber Security? | Cyber Security and Role of Social Media  The term, ‘Cyber’ is used in relation to the culture of computers, information technology, and virtual reality. The connection between internet ecosystems forms cyberspace. The threat to cyberspace leads to an issue and gives rise to the need for cybersecurity Cyber […]

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ORGANISED CRIME | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

What Is The Meaning Of Term ‘Organised Crime’? | ORGANISED CRIME | Internal Security  Organized crime is described as any group having a corporate structure whose main aim is to obtain money through unlawful activities often surviving on fear and corruption. Today, organized crime is business at large scale that is conducting global commerce for […]

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COMMUNAL VIOLENCE IN INDIA | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

What Is Communalism? | COMMUNAL VIOLENCE IN INDIA Communalism is a political philosophy, which proposes that market and money be abolished and that land and enterprises to be placed in the custody of community. But in the Indian sub-continent context, communalism has come to be associated  with tensions and clashes between different religious communities in various […]

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LINKAGES BETWEEN DEVELOPMENT AND SPREAD OF EXTREMISM | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

INTRODUCTION | LINKAGES BETWEEN DEVELOPMENT AND SPREAD OF EXTREMISM Improvement in standard of living is something that everyone craves for and deserves it too. It involves, apart from decent food clothing and shelter, quality education and health and also dignified living. It is the absence of these things that incited masses against colonial government. While […]

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LEFT WING EXTREMISM: A WAR UPON THE STATE

March 3, 2021

What Is Left Wing Extremism (LWE) Or Naxalism? Left wing extremism (LWE) is primarily a tribal insurgency. Only12 per cent of the Indian tribal population lives in the Northeast. The Northeastern tribal insurgencies had broken out in 1956 and are yet to be fully resolved. These have tied down two to six divisions of the […]

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Insurgency In The North-East | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

INSURGENCY IN THE NORTH-EAST | Internal Security  INTRODUCTION  North East India is the region situated in the eastern-most part of India comprising of the eight states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim. It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. wide Siliguri Corridor, which is commonly known as the chicken neck, created […]

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JAMMU AND KASHMIR MILITANCY | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

INTRODUCTION | JAMMU AND KASHMIR MILITANCY | INTERNAL SECURITY Jammu and Kashmir is an integral and inalienable part of India. Basic facts pertaining to this issue are well established.  | Jammu and Kashmir militancy| Internal Security However, there has been a concerted dis-information campaign that presents a distorted historical account of the developments that led […]

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TERRORISM | Internal Security

March 3, 2021

What Is Terrorism? | TERRORISM | Internal Security  Terrorism is commonly understood to refer to acts of violence that target civilians in the pursuit of political or ideological aims. In legal terms, although the international community has yet to adopt a comprehensive definition of terrorism, existing declarations, resolutions and universal “sectoral” treaties relating to specific […]

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INTERNAL SECURITY

March 3, 2021

INTERNAL SECURITY  Introduction Security, like peace, identity and other terminologies in that fold of international political theory has attracted many definitions. Unfortunately, many contributors approach these concepts from their own ideologies. Hence, broad areas of description of the term “security” exist. If defining security is that elusive, there is little wonder why operating within its […]

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