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Environment & Biodiversity

Cabinet Note on Methanol

March 24, 2021

Cabinet Note on Methanol Why in news? NITI Aayog and the Ministry for Petroleum and Natural Gas are drafting a Cabinet Note on methanol. What is a Cabinet Note and the initiative? When a Cabinet note is circulated it covers all aspects and issues that may pose a challenge for Methanol Policy implementation. The policy […]

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Bhupathy’s Shield tail

March 24, 2021

Bhupathy’s Shield tail Why in news? A New species of snake has been found in Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu. Bhupathy’s Shield tail: Bhupathy’s shieldtail is currently found only in the Anaikatty Hills of Tamil Nadu’s Coimbatore district. Just 40 cm long and iridescent brown, Bhupathy’s shieldtail is the latest addition to the snake fauna […]

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Watershed Development

March 17, 2021

Watershed Development Introduction Watershed development is the conservation, recharging and judicious use of the water resources like, underground water, rivers etc. and lands within the watershed area. The word “watershed” introduced in 1920 was used for the “water parting boundaries”. Watershed is that land area which drains or contributes runoff to a common outlet. Watershed […]

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UN Biodiversity Summit 2020

March 17, 2021

UN Biodiversity Summit 2020 Introduction The first-ever UN Summit on Biodiversity was convened in New York in september 2020. The Biodiversity Summit was participated by Head of States/Minister level representing the countries which are party to Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The 75th anniversary of the United Nations, the start of the UN decade of action and […]

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Wildlife Conservation In India

March 16, 2021

Wildlife Conservation In India Introduction Wildlife involves the study of wild undomesticated animals and plants living in their natural habitats and their ecological interactions. Due to the destruction of forests, a large number of animals and plants have become endangered and their conservation has become a matter of utmost importance. We have to spread awareness that protection of […]

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Wetlands And Montreux Record

March 16, 2021

Wetlands And Montreux Record What Are Wetlands? Wetlands are defined as: “lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic eco-systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water”. Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and the associated plant and animal […]

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Watershed Development in India

March 16, 2021

Watershed Development in India Introduction Watershed is not simply the hydrological unit but also socio-political-ecological entity which plays crucial role in determining food, social, and economical security and provides life support services to rural people. A watershed is a drainage area on earth’s surface from which runoff resulting from rainfall flowing from a single point […]

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Temperate Cyclones

March 16, 2021

Temperate Cyclones Introduction Temperate cyclones are also known as Extra-tropical cyclone where the term “Extra-tropical” signifies that this type of cyclone generally occurs outside the tropics with a latitude range between 30° and 60°. They are generally, extensive having a vertical thickness ranging from 9 to 11 km and a diameter of about 1,000 km. […]

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Solar Energy In India

March 16, 2021

Solar Energy In India Introduction India lying in tropical belt has an advantage of receiving peak solar radiation for 300 days, amounting 2300-3,000 hours of sunshine equivalent to above 5,000 trillion kWh. India’s current installed solar power capacity, according to Central electricity authority, is 26025.97 MW which is 34% of total renewable energy sources i.e, 75055.92 MW till February […]

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National Green Tribunal (NGT)

March 15, 2021

National Green Tribunal (NGT) What is NGT? The National Green Tribunal (NGT) is a specialised body that was formed under the NGT Act, 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases that are related to protection and conservation of the environmental, forests and other natural resources. India has become the third country in the world […]

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India in Antarctica

March 15, 2021

India in Antarctica Introduction Antarctica is Earth’s southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,000,000 square kilometres (5,400,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent. About 98% of […]

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Forest Rights Act 2006

March 15, 2021

Forest Rights Act 2006 Introduction The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 is a result of the protracted struggle by the marginal and tribal communities of India to assert their rights over the forestland over which they were traditionally dependent. About Forest Rights Act, 2006 The Scheduled Tribes […]

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Coral Reefs and Their Preservation

March 15, 2021

Coral Reefs and Their Preservation What are Coral Reefs? Coral reefs are the colonies of tiny living creatures that are found in oceans. They are the underwater structures that are formed of coral polyps that are held together by calcium carbonate. Coral reefs are also regarded as the tropical rainforest of the sea and occupy […]

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Climates Of India (Koeppen’s Classification)

March 15, 2021

Climates Of India (Koeppen’s Classification) Climatic Regions of India The whole of India has a monsoon type of climate. But the combination of elements of the weather, however, reveal many regional variations. These variations represent the subtypes of the monsoon climate. It is on this basis that the climatic regions can be identified. A climatic […]

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Tiger Conservation in India

March 13, 2021

Tiger Conservation in India Introduction Wildlife involves the study of wild undomesticated animals and plants living in their natural habitats and their ecological interactions. Due to the destruction of forests, a large number of animals and plants have become endangered and their conservation has become a matter of utmost importance. We have to spread awareness that protection of […]

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National Parks In India

March 13, 2021

National Parks In India Introduction India is one of the 17 megadiverse countries of the world. With only 2.4% of the world’s land area, 16.7% of the world’s human population and 18% livestock, it contributes about 8% of the known global biodiversity, however, putting enormous demands on our natural resources. India is home to world’s […]

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National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

March 13, 2021

What is  National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) ? It is medium term national level strategy to tackle the increasing air pollution problem across the country in a comprehensive manner. It focuses on collaborative and participatory approach covering all sources of pollution and coordination between relevant Central Ministries, State Governments, local bodies and other stakeholders. In order […]

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Environmental Impact Assessment Draft 2020

March 12, 2021

Environmental Impact Assessment Draft 2020 What is EIA? UNEP defines EIA as a tool used to identify the environmental, social and economic impacts of a project prior to decision-making. It aims to Predict environmental impacts at an early stage in project planning and design, Find ways and means to reduce adverse impacts, Shape projects to […]

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CAMPA Act

March 12, 2021

What is CAMPA Act? The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) Act seeks to mitigate the impact of diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes by making sure through a well defined institutional mechanism, that the funds are released and utilized quickly, efficiently and transparently. The CAMPA law is applicable to States, Union […]

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Biosphere Reserve Strategy in India

March 12, 2021

Biosphere Reserve Strategy in India Introduction Biosphere Reserve (BR) is an international designation by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for representative parts of natural and cultural landscapes extending over large areas of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination of both. Biosphere Reserves tries to balance economic and social development and maintenance of associated […]

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Assessment Report of IPCC

March 12, 2021

Assessment Report of IPCC What is Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)? The IPCC is the UN body for assessing the science related to climate change. The IPCC produces reports that support the UNFCCC. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988. It has 195 member states. IPCC reports cover all relevant information […]

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Waste Management In India

March 12, 2021

Waste Management In India Introduction According to the Environment Protection Act, 1990, waste is defined as: “any substance which constitutes a scrap material, or an effluent or other unwanted surplus substance arising from application of any process”. Classification of waste Biodegradable waste: These can be degraded through microbial activity. E.g: food residue, human excreta, etc. Non-Biodegradable […]

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WASH Program

March 12, 2021

WASH Program About WASH WASH is an acronym that stands for “water, sanitation and hygiene”. Universal, affordable and sustainable access to WASH is a key public health issue within international development and is the focus of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6). SDG 6 aims at equitable and accessible water and sanitation for all, with Target 6.2 specifically mentioning women and girls. Access to WASH includes safe water, […]

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Urban Heat Island Concept

March 12, 2021

What Is Urban Heat Island Concept? Urban Heat Island effect is defined as the presence of significantly higher temperatures in urban areas compared to the temperatures in surrounding rural zones mainly due to human factors Usually urban heat islands have a mean temperature 8 to 10 degrees more than the surrounding rural areas These can […]

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REDD and REDD+

March 11, 2021

About UN-REDD The United Nations Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland. Membership: 64 Partner Countries. It is a multilateral collaborative programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). It was created in 2008 in response to the UNFCCC decisions on […]

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Forest Policy of India

March 10, 2021

Forest Policy of India Introduction Forests have unique significance as they provide various services.  On the one hand they are home to many diverse species – both flora and fauna and on the other hand, they are key for climatic equilibrium.  Also, they are home for the large tribal population. These signify the need of […]

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Forest Act 1927 and amendment | 4th Class | 2020

August 6, 2019

Amendments to Forest Act and Tribal Revolt Recently DISTRICTS with sizeable tribal populations saw several protests and demonstrations on Monday. The protests were organised by the Bhumi Adhikar Andolan. There were two issues that the demonstrators were decrying. One,the proposed amendments to the Indian Forest Act (IFA), 1927; the concerned amendments to the IFA have […]

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CURRENT AFFAIRS 02-05-2018

May 2, 2018

Environmental Kuznets Curve Relevancy: GS Prelims, GS Mains paper III Environment, Environmental Kuznets Curve, Industrial growth   What is Environmental Kuznets Curve: As per the Environmental Kuznets Curve, the environment of a country degrades in the initial stages of industrial growth. After a certain level of economic growth, the society begins to improve its relationship […]

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