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Ancient History & Culture

POST-GUPTA PERIOD

March 19, 2021

POST-GUPTA PERIOD Harshavardhana (606-647 AD) Political Conquests: Harsha was the son of Prabhakaravardhana, the Pushyabuti king of Thanesvar. Harsha’s mother was Yasomati. Harsha’s elder brother Rajyavardhana ruled over Thaneswar while Harsha’s sister Rajyasri was given in marriage to Grihavarman of Kannauj. Following the murder of Grihavarman of Kannauj and Rajyasri’s confinement, Rajyavardhan attacked Kannauj and […]

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GUPTA PERIOD

March 19, 2021

GUPTA PERIOD Gupta Empire The rise of the Guptas was due to many advantages enjoyed by them; Centre of their operations lay in the fertile land of Madhyadesa covering Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. They could exploit the iron ores of Central India and South Bihar. They took advantage of their proximity of the areas of […]

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Post Mauryan Period 200 BC to 300 AD

March 19, 2021

  Post Mauryan Period 200 BC to 300 AD Introduction The disintegration of the Mauryan empire led to various kingdoms such as those of the Indo-Greeks, Shakas, Parthians and Kushans in the north-western part of India; the rise of republican states in the Punjab; Nagas in ganga valley, Sungas and Kanvas with control over Pataliputra; […]

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Pre-Mauryan Age

March 19, 2021

The Pre-Mauryan Age (6th Century B.C. — 4th Century B.C.) The material advantages brought about by the use of the iron in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in the 6th century B.0 created conditions for the formation of large territorial states. Use of iron tools in agriculture produced surplus which could be taxed by the […]

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Mauryan Empire

March 19, 2021

The Mauryan Empire (321 B.C.-184 B.C.) Origin: The origin of the Mauryas eludes unanimity among the historians. It becomes difficult to arrive at a reasonable conclusion owing to the abundance of sources, some of which may be biased. Brahmanical sources like the Puranas say that ,Chandragupta Maurya was born of Mora, a Shudra woman in […]

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Indus Civilization

March 19, 2021

  Indus Civilization (2900 BC-1700 BC) Indus civilisation is one of the four earliest civilisations of the world alongwith the Mesopotamian civilisation along the Tigris and the Euphrates, the Egyptian civilisation along the Nile and the Chinese civilisation along the Hwang Ho. Indus civilisation is the most extensive of all the riverine civilisations encompassing more […]

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Vedic Period

March 19, 2021

Vedic Period Introduction The Indus civilisation declined around 1700 BC due to a variety of causes. The advent of the Aryans in India around 1500 BC marked the beginning of the Rig Vedic (Early Vedic Period) from 1500 — 1000 BC followed by the Later Vedic Period from 1000 — 600 BC. Original Home and […]

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The Stone Age

March 19, 2021

The Stone Age Introduction The earth is over 4000 million years old. The evolution of its crust shows four stages. The fourth stage is called the Quaternary, which is divided into Pleistocene (most recent) and Holocene (present); the former lasted between 2,000,000 and 10,000 years before the present and the latter began about 10,000 years […]

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Gupta Period

March 19, 2021

Gupta Period Source in the Gupta Period Literature Gupta emperors patronized Sanskrit as the court language which was spoken by the higher classes while the lower classes and women spoke Prakrit. Gupta period represents a bright phase in the history of classical literature and developed an ornate style which was different from the, old simple […]

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Post -Mauryan Period (2nd Century B.C. to 3rd Century A.D.)

March 19, 2021

Post -Mauryan Period (2nd Century B.C. to 3rd Century A.D.) Inscriptions Junagarh rock inscription of Saka ruler of Ujjain Rudradaman-I dated 150 AD describes the achievements of Rudradaman-l. This is the earliest inscription in chaste Sanskrit. This is the earliest epigraphic evidence of vishti or forced labour. This inscription informs us that Sudarsana lake was […]

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Pre-Mauryan Age (6th – 4th Century BC)

March 19, 2021

Pre-Mauryan Age (6th – 4th Century BC) Punch-marked coins: The rise of the Mahajanapadas in the 6th century BC alongwith agricultural surplus and the rise of arts and crafts which facilitated trade and commerce led to the appearance of coins for the first time in the pre-Mauryan age. They are Punch-marked coins mostly of silver […]

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Mauryan Period (321-184 BC)

March 19, 2021

Mauryan Period (321-184 BC) Archaeological remains: Use of Iron was on a more extensive scale Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW) use continued with increase in variety, number and area. Burnt bricks were used for the first time in the Mauryan period. Ring wells were also identified for the first time in the Mauryan Period. Even […]

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Sources of Ancient Indian History (Vedic Period)

March 19, 2021

Sources of Ancient Indian History (Vedic Period) Introduction It is the river Indus which gave India its name. The Indians knew this river as Sindhu, and the Persians, who found difficulty in pronouncing the initial S, called it Hindu. From Persia, the word passed to Greece, where the whole of India became known by the […]

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Miniature Paintings : Pala And Apabhramsa School Of Painting

March 15, 2021

Miniature Paintings : Pala And Apabhramsa School Of Painting Miniature Paintings Miniature is derived from word – minimum which means, red lead paint. They are small & Detailed Paintings. The miniatures are developed indigenous as a reaction to wall paintings They are developed in 9th & 11th centuries in eastern & western regions Techniques Preconditions […]

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Downfall of Mughals

March 15, 2021

Downfall of Mughals Introduction The Great Mughal Empire declined and disintegrated during the first half of the 18th century. The Mughal Emperors lost their power and glory and their empire shrank to a few square miles around Delhi. In the end, in 1803, Delhi itself was occupied by the British army and the proud of […]

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Battle Of Plassey 1757

March 13, 2021

Battle Of Plassey 1757 Introduction The Battle of Plassey became famous because it was the first major victory the Company won in India. The Battle of Plassey was a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-daula and his French allies on 23 June 1757, under the leadership of Robert Clive. The war is […]

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Ancient Science And Technology

March 13, 2021

Ancient Science And Technology Introduction Indians have played an important role in the field of science and technology. The Indus Valley Civilization, Vedic age and later periods saw great achievements by Indians in the field of Science and technology. In modern times many Indian scientists and mathematicians have done phenomenal work and some of them […]

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Indigo Revolt In India (1856-57)

March 13, 2021

Indigo Revolt In India (1856-57) Introduction Indigo, as the natural dye for textiles, emerged as one of the most important cash crops for british traders in late 18th & first half of 19th century. The resultant greed of british planters who depended on plantations in bengal for their supplies and the complicity of the colonial […]

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Buddhism In India

March 10, 2021

Buddhism In India Origin Buddhism started in India over 2,600 years ago as a way life that had a potential of transforming a person. It is one of the important religions of South and South-Eastern Asian countries. The religion is based upon the teachings, life experiences of its founder Siddhartha Gautama, born in circa 563 […]

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PAIKA REBELLION

March 8, 2021

PAIKA REBELLION Introduction [PAIKA REBELLION] It was an armed rebellion against the British East India Company’s rule in Odisha in 1817. In 1817, some 400 Kondhs, who belonged to the state of Ghumsur, banded together to revolt against the British. Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar Mohapatra Bharamarbar Rai, the highest-ranking military general of King of Khorda Mukund […]

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