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BROADBAND

BROADBAND

  • Broadband may be defined as a communication technology, providing combination of Video On Demand (VOD), broadcast, television, fast internet access, streaming media, games, music and telephony services, from a single network.
  • The concept of broadband, as popularly marketed, ensures high-speed connectivity between the service providers and the access users, delivering voice, data and video with high degree of interactivity.
  • The two major essentials of broadband are multi-service component and its high speed.
  • In short, broadband is a ‘convergence’ technology combining telecommunication, entertainment and web-based activities into a cohesive integrated whole.

SIGNIFICANCE OF BROADBAND TECHNOLOGY

  • The broadband technology has a potential to yield manifold social and economic benefits. It can act as tool of development by enabling wide-spread access and adopting at threshold pricing.
  • Nevertheless, there is no doubt that if efficiently delivered broadband will be the luring service available at the hands of consumer and synergy thus generated will have an enormous impact on economic development of the country in the following ways:
  1. Increase in overall ‘Employment Opportunities’
  2. Growth in national output level
  3. Increase in productivity levels of existing workforce
  4. Transformation of Indian Economy towards service sector based economy
  5. Amplify the business network to create new market
  6. Affordable access will result in social saving reducing the digital divide

APPLICATIONS OF BROADBAND

The key sectors which will be benefited are:

Entertainment on Demand (EOD)

  • The EOD will be a killer application for broadband with multi-service mix through a single network.
  • The key applications of EOD include Video on Demand, music downloads, on-line gaming and video chat.

Education

  • e-Education: Education through electronic media is widely termed as e-education. This incorporation of digital environment in dissemination of academic input transforms traditional system to more interactive mode that delivers superior learning at much less cost.
  • On-line Distance Education: The best way to address the problem of illiteracy in remote areas is to provide on-line distance education through a high-speed and good quality of service. It seems attractive proposition, but real challenge to create locally relevant educational content.
  • Virtual Library: Another feature of education over broadband is creating a virtual library that is totally real time, irrespective of location and logistics.

Health

  • Telemedicine: This technology used information and communication networks to assist and deliver clinical services in rural and remote areas, where geographical distance is barrier between health care provider and patient.
  • e-Health: In recent years, the new broadband aided tele-medicine expanded its scope by including non-clinical medical services like research and administration along with delivery of clinical services.
  • All this could be made possible with the help of broadband enabled network computing, video conferencing, specialized application software, database management systems.

ADVANTAGES OF E-HEALTH

  • The high quality diagnosis of complex ailments through an easy access to visual information necessary for clinical decision support system.
  • High communication link established make it possible local general practitioner to perform a complex medical surgery under guidance of specialist.
  • It will enable health professionals to hold on-line discussions, knowledge sharing and update to latest development.

Governance

  • e-Governance: It refers to use IT, especially web-based technologies, internet communication and inter-connected application enhancing easy access to and efficient delivery of government services to citizens, business and employees

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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